**PHYS - 1050 THE WORLD OF ATOMS**

[3 hours] The atomic structure of matter and the ideas of quantum physics. The sizes of objects from
galaxies to nucleons. Molecules, solids, the wave nature of the electron, quarks and gluons.

**PHYS - 1300 PHYSICS IN EVERYDAY LIFE**

[3 hours] Not for major credit. Selected subjects of current interest, with their relation to the
principles and concepts of physics. Content may vary from year to year. No special science or mathematics background needed.

**PHYS - 1310 PHYSICS OF MUSIC AND SOUND**

[3 hours] Not for major credit. Physics of waves and vibration. Human sound perception. Physics
principles of wind, string, and percussion instruments. Analog and digital reproduction of sound.

**PHYS - 1320 JURASSIC PHYSICS**

[3 hours] (Not for major credit). Mechanics, energy, sound, and thermodynamics of dinosaurs. The physics
of vision and hearing. Fluids and flight. Radioactivity. Climate and the effects of an asteroid collision with the Earth.

**PHYS - 1330 PHYSICS OF LIGHT AND COLOR**

[3 hours] (Not for major credit) Physics of light and human vision. Atmospheric phenomena,
images, depth perception, color analysis, pigments and dyes, color perception, the physics of art, the reproduction of color, thin film
interference, and holography.

**PHYS - 1750 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS**

[4 hours] (Not for major credit) High school mathematics including plane geometry, trigonometry and
two years of algebra is strongly recommended. Fundamental laws of nature pertaining to mechanics, thermodynamics, waves, electricity, magnetism,
optics, atoms, and particles.

**PHYS - 2070 GENERAL PHYSICS I**

[5 hours] Calculus not required. Mechanics of energy and motion, gravitation, harmonic motion, fluids,
heat, entropy, and the laws of thermodynamics. Four hours lecture and discussion, two hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Minimum of three
years high school mathematics including plane geometry, trigonometry and two years of algebra.

**PHYS - 2080 GENERAL PHYSICS II**

[5 hours] Calculus not required. Electricity and magnetism, capacitors and inductors, electromagnetic
waves, optics, atomic physics, nuclear physics, and elementary particles. Four hours lecture and discussion, two hours laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: PHYS 2070

**PHYS - 2100 PHYSICS WITH CALCULUS**

[2 hours] A bridge course for students wishing to continue in physics after taking PHYS 2070-2080.
The application of calculus and elementary differential equations in various physical contexts. No credit for students who take PHYS 2130-2140.
Prerequisite: PHYS 2080, MATH 1860

**PHYS - 2130 PHYSICS FOR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING MAJORS I**

[5 hours] Calculus based general physics. Mechanics of motion and energy,
rotation, gravitation, harmonic motion, waves, fluids, and the laws of thermodynamics. Five hours lecture and discussion, two hours laboratory
per week. Prerequisite: CHEM 1230; MATH 1850 (with C or better) Corequisite: MATH 1860

**PHYS - 2140 PHYSICS FOR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING MAJORS II**

[5 hours] Calculus based general physics. Electricity and magnetism,
capacitors and inductors, electromagnetic oscillations, Maxwell's equations and electromagnetic radiation, optics, images, interference, and
diffraction. Five hours lecture and discussion, two hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: PHYS 2130

**PHYS - 3070 QUANTUM PHYSICS FOR ENGINEERS**

[3 hours] The physics of electrons, photons, atoms, and nuclei, with emphasis on topics of
importance for engineering. Prerequisite: PHYS 2140

**PHYS - 3180 INTERMEDIATE LABORATORY**

[2 hours] Physical measurements laboratory related to the development of modern physics,
emphasizing techniques such as electronics, computer-aided experimental control and data acquisition, and data analyses. Prerequisite: PHYS 2140

**PHYS - 3310 QUANTUM PHYSICS I**

[3 hours] Quantum mechanics: atomic and molecular structure and spectra. Prerequisite: PHYS 2140, MATH
1890 Corequisite: MATH 3860

**PHYS - 3320 QUANTUM PHYSICS II**

[3 hours] Quantum statistics, applications of quantum mechanics and quantum statistics in laser physics
and solid state physics, nuclear physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 3310

**PHYS - 3410 THERMAL PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Statistical mechanics, kinetic theory, and thermodynamics from a unified microscopic point of
view, with applications to a variety of topics from different areas of physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 3310

**PHYS - 3610 OPTICS AND LASERS**

[3 hours] Electromagnetic theory, ray and wave optics including matrix methods, polarization,
interference, diffraction, basic laser physics and survey of current laser systems. Prerequisite: PHYS 2140, MATH 3860

**PHYS - 3830 BLACK HOLES, GENERAL RELATIVITY, AND THE BIG BANG THEORY**

[3 hours] Course is crosslisted as ASTR 3830. Descriptive
discussion of the theory of general relativity, the final states of stellar evolution, black holes, and history of the universe from the big bang
through the formation of the solar system. May be offered as writing intensive. Prerequisite: ASTR 1010 or 2020

**PHYS - 4130 COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Working knowledge of computer operations and programming required. Numerical accuracy,
advanced programming, graphics and spreadsheet packages, numerical techniques for differentiation, integration, matrices, solving differential
equations, and eigenvalue problems. Corequisite: PHYS 4210 or 4230

**PHYS - 4210 THEORETICAL MECHANICS**

[3 hours] Statics and dynamics of particles, work, energy, Lagrange equations of motion, small
oscillations, dynamics of rigid bodies. Prerequisite: PHYS 2140; MATH 1890, 3860

**PHYS - 4230 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I**

[3 hours] Mathematical formulation of electrostatic and magnetostatic fields, potential theory
solution of boundary value problems, method of images, dielectric and magnetic materials. Prerequisite: PHYS 2140; MATH 1890, 3860

**PHYS - 4240 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM II**

[3 hours] Maxwell's field equations, production and propagation of electromagnetic waves,
solution of boundary value problems with application to the laws of optics and guided waves. Prerequisite: PHYS 4230

**PHYS - 4310 QUANTUM MECHANICS**

[3 hours] Formalism and applications of quantum mechanics: Hilbert space, time-independent and
time-dependent perturbation theories, atomic and molecular structure and spectra, and scattering theory. Prerequisite: PHYS 3320; Math 3860, 1890

**PHYS - 4510 PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER**

[3 hours] Crystal lattices and structures, reciprocal lattice and kinematical diffraction
theory, binding in crystals, lattice dynamics and phonons, thermodynamic, electronic, and optical properties of insulators, semiconductors,
metals, and alloys. Prerequisite: PHYS 3320, 3410

**PHYS - 4580 MOLECULAR AND CONDENSED MATTER LABORATORY**

[3 hours] Experiments in molecular and condensed matter physics such as Raman
scattering and photoluminescence X-ray diffraction, Mossbauer effect, Hall effect, NMR, and scanning tunneling microscopy. One 4 hour lab and 1
hour lecture per week. May be offered as writing intensive. Prerequisite: PHYS 3320

**PHYS - 4620 THE PHYSICS OF LASERS**

[3 hours] Longitudinal and transverse coherence, stimulated emission, optical pumping, resonator
structures, Q-switching, mode-locking, and laser systems (gas, dye, diode, doped insulator, and free electron lasers). Prerequisite: PHYS 3320

**PHYS - 4780 ATOMIC AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS LABORATORY**

[3 hours] Detectors and electronics, beta, gamma, and X-ray spectroscopy, grating and
interferometric spectroscopy, laser applications, solar spectroscopy. One 4 hour lab and 1 hour lecture per week. May be offered as writing
intensive. Prerequisite: PHYS 3320

**PHYS - 4910 RESEARCH PROBLEMS-PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY**

[1 - 3 hours] Individual experimental or theoretical projects selected with the
approval of the department. Prerequisite: Consent of department chair

**PHYS - 4980 SPECIAL TOPICS IN PHYSICS**

[1 - 4 hours] Individual or small group study of selected topics not covered in regular
undergraduate courses. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 5130 COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Numerical accuracy, advanced programming, graphics and spreadsheet packages, numerical
techniques for differentiation, integration, matrices, solving differential equations and eigenvalue problems. Prerequisite: Consent of
department

**PHYS - 5210 THEORETICAL MECHANICS**

[3 hours] Kinematics and dynamics of particles and rigid bodies. Lagrangian and Hamiltonian equations
of motion. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 5230 CLASSICAL ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I**

[3 hours] Electrostatics: the equations of Laplace and Poisson-Maxwell's equations
and their solutions. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 5240 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM II**

[3 hours] Maxwell's equations and their solutions; electromagnetic radiation. Prerequisite:
PHYS 5230

**PHYS - 5310 QUANTUM MECHANICS**

[3 hours] Formalism and applications of quantum mechanics: Hilbert space, time independent and
time-dependent perturbation theories, atomic and molecular structure and spectra, and scattering theory. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 5510 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Crystal lattices and structures, reciprocal lattice and kinematical diffraction theory.
Survey of binding in crystals. Lattice dynamics and phonons. Thermodynamic, electronic, and optical properties of insulators, semiconductors,
metals, and alloys. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 5620 THE PHYSICS OF LASERS**

[3 hours] Longitudinal and transverse coherence, stimulated emission, optical pumping, resonator
structures, Q-switching, mode-locking, and laser systems (das, dye, diode, doped insulator, and free electron lasers). Prerequisite: Consent of
department

**PHYS - 5800 ASTRONOMY IN THE PLANETARIUM**

[3 hours] Course is crosslisted as ASTR 4800. Theory and practice of astronomical outreach
programming. Sky and calendar, mythology, constellations, astrophysics, buying and using small telescopes, operating and maintaining planetarium
projectors, sky simulation software, projects, and program production. Prerequisite: Consent of Department

**PHYS - 5810 ASTROPHYSICS I**

[3 hours] Course is crosslisted as ASTR 4810. Spherical coordinate systems, astronomical time, celestial
mechanics, the solar system and planetary physics, photometry, radiative transfer, stellar spectra and classification, binary stars and stellar
masses. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 5820 ASTROPHYSICS II**

[3 hours] Course is crosslisted as ASTR 4820. Stellar structure and evolution, close binaries, origin of
the elements, the sun, variable stars, star clusters, the interstellar medium, the Milky Way Galaxy, stellar statistics, galaxy structure and
evolution, cosmology. Prerequisite: PHYS 5810

**PHYS - 5880 ASTROPHYSICS LABORATORY**

[3 hours] Course is crosslisted as ASTR 4880. Astronomical, optical, and electronic principles of
operation of a modern astronomical observatory. Observing with the 1-meter telescope of Ritter Observatory, reduction, analysis, and
interpretation of astronomical spectra. Six hours laboratory per week. Corequisite: PHYS 5810

**PHYS - 5900 RESEARCH TECHNIQUES IN PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY**

[1 - 6 hours] Research work under the guidance of a member of the graduate
faculty. Designed to prepare the student to propose and carry out the thesis research required for the M.S. degree. Prerequisite: Consent of
Department

**PHYS - 5950 EDUCATION WORKSHOP IN THE PHYSICAL SCIENCES**

[1 - 4 hours] For teachers in grades K-12. Introduction to modern physical
science concepts suitable for classroom use; lecture and laboratory. Not acceptable for physics degree program.

**PHYS - 6010/8010 PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY COLLOQUIUM**

[2 hours] Topical lectures by visiting and local professionals. Prerequisite: Consent
of department

**PHYS - 6020/8020 PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY JOURNAL SEMINAR**

[1 hour] Literature review seminar. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 6030/7030 TEACHING THE BASIC CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Review of key concepts of physics and teaching strategies useful in
introductory courses and laboratories. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 6130/7130 COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS FOR RESEARCH**

[3 hours] Software packages for display and analytic manipulation, numerical
methods for linear and non-linear systems of differential equations, matrix algebra, and the Schrodinger equation. Vector and parallel
processing. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6140/7140 FUNDAMENTALS OF MODERN PHYSICS**

[3 hours] An intensive course which reviews the fundamentals of atomic, statistical and
condensed matter physics. Provides a common foundation for entering graduate students for succeeding courses in physics and astronomy.
Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 6180/7180 MODERN PHYSICS LABORATORY**

[3 hours] Experiments in atomic, condensed matter, and nuclear physics, such as Zeeman,
Raman, Mossbauer, and Hall Effects, Doppler shifts, X-ray diffraction, NMR, STM, and alpha, beta, and gamma ray spectroscopies. Prerequisite:
PHYS 6140/7140

**PHYS - 6220/7220 CLASSICAL MECHANICS**

[3 hours] Advanced classical mechanics, including the variational principles, Lagrange and
Hamilton mechanics, and linear and nonlinear systems. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

**PHYS - 6820/7820 STELLAR ASTROPHYSICS II**

[3 hours] Stellar structure and evolution. Equation of state, nuclear reactions and
nucleosynthesis, stellar formation, evolution and death, enrichment of the interstellar medium, formation of planetary systems, solar physics and
helioseismology. Prerequisite: PHYS 5820 or equivalent

**PHYS - 6830/7830 GALACTIC ASTRONOMY I**

[3 hours] Stellar spectra, colors, compositions, and ages; star clusters; pulsating stars;
calibration of distance indicators. Interstellar dust, interstellar extinction, interstellar gas, nebulae; structure of the interstellar medium.
Prerequisite: PHYS 5820 or equivalent

**PHYS - 6840/7840 GALACTIC ASTRONOMY II**

[3 hours] Structure and dynamics of the Galaxy, shocks and explosions, stellar kinematics,
galactic rotation, and dynamical and chemical evolution. Prerequisite: PHYS 5820 or equivalent

**PHYS - 6890/8890 CURRENT ISSUES IN ASTROPHYSICS**

[3 hours] Current research in solar, solar system, stellar, interstellar matter,
galactic, and/or cosmological physics. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6960 M.S. THESIS RESEARCH**

[1 - 16 hours] Thesis research required for the M.S. degree. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 6980/8980 SPECIAL TOPICS**

[1 - 4 hours] Course reserved for visiting lecturers and topics not covered otherwise. Prerequisite:
Consent of department

**PHYS - 6990/8990 INDEPENDENT STUDY**

[1 - 4 hours] Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 7910 ADVANCED RESEARCH IN PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY**

[1 - 15 hours] Research work under the guidance of a member of the graduate
faculty. Designed to prepare the student to propose and carry out the thesis research required for the Ph.D. degree. Prerequisite: Consent of
department

**PHYS - 7950 EDUCATION WORKSHOP IN THE PHYSICAL SCIENCES**

[1 - 4 hours] For teachers in grades K-12. Introduction to modern physical
science concepts suitable for classroom use; lecture and laboratory. Not acceptable for physics degree program.

**PHYS - 8340 RELATIVISTIC QUANTUM MECHANICS**

[3 hours] A general approach to relativistic quantum mechanics. Detailed study of
Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations. Bilinear covariants and trace theorems. Prerequisite: PHYS 7330

**PHYS - 8350 QUANTUM FIELD THEORY**

[3 hours] Quantum mechanics of multiparticle systems. Essentials of quantum field theory and quantum
scattering theory. Interactions, scattering matrix and Feynman approach to perturbation theory. Prerequisite: PHYS 8340

**PHYS - 8860 GENERAL RELATIVITY**

[3 hours] Differential geometry, exterior calculus of tensors, the stress-energy tensor and Einstein
field equation, stellar evolution and black holes, gravitational lensing, tests of the theory, and gravitational wave detection. Prerequisite:
PHYS 7260 or consent of instructor

**PHYS - 8870 COSMOLOGY**

[3 hours] Cosmological solutions for Einstein's field equation, the standard cosmological model, particle
physics, nucleosynthesis, and the cosmic background radiation. Inflation, dark matter and mass distribution, gravitational evolution, and
formation of galaxies. Prerequisite: PHYS 8860 or consent of instructor

**PHYS - 8960 PH. D. THESIS RESEARCH**

[1 - 15 hours] Thesis research required for the Ph.D. degree. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 6250/7250 CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS I**

[3 hours] Solutions to Poisson's equation in Cartesian, spherical and cylindrical
coordinates with Dirichlet, Neuman and mixed boundary conditions. Maxwell's equations and their solutions applied to waveguides and nonlinear
materials. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6260/7260 CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS II**

[3 hours] Solutions to the wave equation with time dependent source terms, energy loss
from high energy charged particles in dense materials, special relativity, classical field theory, invariant Lagrangians, and conserved
quantities. Prerequisite: PHYS 6250 or 7250

**PHYS - 6290/8290 CURRENT ISSUES IN PLASMA PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Content may vary, covering topics such as fusion, plasmas in astrophysics,
microdischarges, plasma display devices. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6320/7320 QUANTUM MECHANICS I**

[3 hours] Quantum theory and its application to physical problems. Topics include dynamics in the
Schrodinger and Heisenberg pictures, invariance principles and angular momentum theory, perturbation theory, the variational method.
Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 6330/7330 QUANTUM MECHANICS II**

[3 hours] The quantum theory of scattering, electromagnetic interactions, quantization of the
electromagnetic field, and introduction to the Dirac equation. Prerequisite: Consent of department

**PHYS - 6390/8390 CURRENT ISSUES IN BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Physical principles of living processes, structural and
dynamical properties of nucleic acids, proteins, polysaccharides, and lipids, intermolecular interactions of biomolecules, statistical mechanics
of macromolecules, interactions of ionizing radiation with tissue. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6450/7450 STATISTI CAL MECHANICS**

[3 hours] A fundamental quantum-mechanical development of statistical thermodynamics.
Non-interacting and weakly interacting many-particle systems in the classical and quantum regimes, with applications to various fields of
physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 5310 or equivalent

**PHYS - 6490/8490 CURRENT ISSUES IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Problems in theory relative to the research programs pursued at the
University. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6520/7520 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS I**

[3 hours] A study of the electromagnetic, thermal and elastic properties of condensed
matter through the quantum-mechanical treatment of the electrons and elementary excitations. Prerequisite: PHYS 6330 or consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6530/7530 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS II**

[3 hours] A survey of condensed matter phenomena of interest to experimentalists, as
elucidated by theory. Prerequisite: PHYS 6330 or consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6540/7540 STRUCTURE, DEFECTS AND DIFFUSION**

[4 hours] A generic materials science approach to the study of crystalline structure,
defects (point, line and planar) in crystalline materials, and the mechanisms and kinetics of diffusion in the condensed state. Prerequisite:
Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6550/7550 THERMODYNAMICS AND PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS IN CONDENSED SYSTEMS**

[4 hours] A materials science approach to the
thermodynamics of condensed state equilibria and phase transformation kinetics. Prerequisite: PHYS 6540/7540 or consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6590/8590 CURRENT ISSUES IN CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIAL SCIENCE**

[3 hours] A survey of various areas in the physics of
condensed matter and materials. Content will vary with instructor and from year to year. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6690/8690 CURRENT ISSUES IN OPTICS**

[3 hours] Current research in optics and the optical excitation of material modes.
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6710/7710 ATOMIC PHYSICS**

[3 hours] A study of the fundamental properties of atoms, their theoretical description and
experimental measurement. Topics include atomic structure, radiative transitions, external field interactions and atomic collisions.
Prerequisite: PHYS 5310 or equivalent

**PHYS - 6720/7720 ATOMIC & MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY**

[3 hours] Theory and experimental methods of atomic and molecular spectroscopy.
Topics include the theory of interpretation of atomic and molecular spectra and the experimental means to measure the spectra. Prerequisite: PHYS
6710

**PHYS - 6730/7730 PARTICLE PHYSICS**

[3 hours] The study of particles and their interactions: conserved quantum numbers, symmetries and
invariance principles, the standard model and beyond, accelerator/non-accelerator experiments, detectors, and particle astrophysics.
Prerequisite: PHYS 6330 or consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6740/7740 NUCLEAR PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Properties of the atomic nucleus and the nucleon-nucleon interaction, models for the
structure of the nucleus, analysis of nuclear decay and nuclear reactions with applications to interdisciplinary areas. Prerequisite: PHYS 6330
or consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6790/8790 CURRENT ISSUES IN ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS**

[3 hours] Current research in atomic and molecular physics
theory and experiment. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

**PHYS - 6810/7810 STELLAR ASTROPHYSICS I**

[3 hours] Stellar atmospheres and their emergent spectra. Physics of radiation, matter, and
their interaction. Radiative transfer, hydrostatic and radiative equilibrium, convection, line formation, and spectral signatures of atmospheric
physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 5820 or equivalent