BIOL - BIOLOGY

BIOL - 1120   SURVEY OF BIOLOGY
[3 hours]  A survey of major biological principles and phenomena in various plants and animals with emphasis on man. (not for major credit)  Prerequisite: ENGL 1100 or 1110;  MATH 1180 or higher

BIOL - 1130   HUMAN ECOLOGY
[3 hours]  The application of key ideas in modern ecology to ecosystems dominated by humans including how culture influences such problems as overpopulation, food supply, resource depletion, pollution, and endangered species. (not for major credit)  Prerequisite: ENGL 1100 or 1110; MATH 1180 or higher

BIOL - 1140   BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF HUMAN CONSCIOUSNESS
[3 hours]  Lectures integrating developmental, genetic, neurophysiological, psychological, sociological and philosophical aspects of human consciousness in terms a lay person can understand. (not for major credit) Prerequisite: ENGL 1100 or 1110; MATH 1180 or higher

BIOL - 1150   HUMAN INHERITANCE: CONCEPTS AND APPLICATIONS
[3 hours]  Basic principles of human inheritance.  Includes a comprehensive treatment of modern genetic technologies and their social, ethical, political, and economic implications. (not for major credit) Prerequisite: ENGL 1100 or 1110; MATH 1180 or higher

BIOL - 1160   PLANTS AND SOCIETY
[3 hours]  This course centers on the importance of plants to our planet.  Includes an introduction to botany and discussion of plants that provide food, materials, spices, medicines, drugs and poisons. (not for major credit) Prerequisite: ENGL 1100 or 1110; MATH 1180

BIOL - 1220  SURVEY OF BIOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  (Not for major credit)  A series of laboratory exercises that supplement the material discussed in BIOL 1120.  Co-requisite: BIOL 1120 and signature of instructor.

BIOL - 1340  THE NATURE OF SCIENCE
[3 hours]  An interdisciplinary course that discusses major scientific discoveries, the role of hypothesis testing in science,  the use of mathematics in science, data presentation, and moral and ethical issues that stem from science.

BIOL - 2010   MAJOR CONCEPTS IN BIOLOGY
[3 hours]  This course will discuss and analyze classical experiments which underlie major concepts in biology, such as evolution, the gene, the cell, homeostasis, and epigenesis.  (not for major credit)   Prerequisite: ENGL 1100 or 1110; MATH 1180 or higher

BIOL - 2020   MAMMALIAN FORM AND FUNCTION
[4 hours]  Structure and operation of organ systems. Lecture and laboratory emphasizing how shapes and properties within tissues and organs enable the whole organism to maintain a living balance. (not for major credit) Prerequisite: ENGL 1100 or 1110; MATH 1180 or higher

BIOL - 2100   BASIC MICROBIOLOGY
[4 hours]  Emphasizes the principles of microbiology that are important to the environmental, life science, nursing and health-related fields.  (not for major credit)

BIOL - 2150   FUNDAMENTALS OF LIFE SCIENCE I: DIVERSITY OF LIFE, EVOLUTION, AND ECOLOGY
[4 hours]  An introduction to the diversity of life on earth and its evolution, systematics, ecology, and behavior.  Prerequisite: Composite ACT of 22 or Combined SAT of 1000 or both ENGL 1100 (or 1110) and CHEM 1090 (or 1100 or passing score in CHEM placement test)

BIOL - 2160   FUNDAMENTALS OF LIFE SCIENCE LABORATORY I
[1 hour]  A series of laboratory exercises which supplement the material discussed in BIOL 2150.  Corequisite: BIOL 2150

BIOL - 2170   FUNDAMENTALS OF LIFE SCIENCE II: CELLS, INHERITANCE AND DEVELOPMENT
[4 hours]  A general introduction to cell structure and function, energy processing in plants and animals, basic genetics, molecular biology, and development.  Prerequisite: CHEM 1210 or 1230

BIOL - 2180   FUNDAMENTALS OF LIFE SCIENCE LABORATORY II
[1 hour]  A series of laboratory exercises which supplement the material discussed in BIOL 2170.  Corequisite: BIOL 2170

BIOL - 2910   BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH
[1 hour]  A discussion/demonstration of opportunities for undergraduate research in Biology at the University of Toledo and elsewhere.  Prerequisite: GPA of 2.5

BIOL - 2980   TOPICS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES
[3 - 4 hours]  Selected topics in Biology for the non-major.  Prerequisite: ENGL 1100 or 1110; MATH 1180 or higher

BIOL - 3010   MOLECULAR GENETICS
[3 hours]  The principles of heredity at the molecular level, covering gene and chromosome structure, replication and repair, recombination, control of gene expression, control of cell division.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2170; CHEM 1220 or 1240

BIOL - 3020   MOLECULAR GENETICS LABORATORY
[2 hours]  A laboratory course in experimental molecular biology involving gene cloning, analysis of cloned product and other techniques of modern molecular genetics.  Corequisite: BIOL 3010

BIOL - 3030   CELL BIOLOGY
[3 hours]  A study of the internal organization of the eukaryotic cell, organelle and membrane function, cell-cell signaling, cell movement, cell adhesion, the extracellular matrix.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3010

BIOL - 3040   CELL BIOLOGY LABORATORY
[2 hours]  Laboratory exercises involving cell culturing, protein analysis, protein localization, and other techniques of modern cell biology.  Corequisite: BIOL 3030

BIOL - 3050   ECOLOGY
[3 hours]  The structure, function, and regulation of populations, communities, and ecosystems, emphasizing the activities of man and their ecological consequences.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2150 and either CHEM 1210 or 1230

BIOL - 3060   ECOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  Laboratory and field exercises demonstrating ecological principles.  Corequisite: BIOL 3050

BIOL - 3070   HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
[3 hours]  Detailed structural and functional analysis of the human endocrine, nervous, reproductive, circulatory, respiratory, digestive and excretory systems.  An emphasis will be placed on system-system interactions and homeostatic mechanisms.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3010 and either CHEM 1220 or 1240

BIOL - 3210   HUMAN NUTRITION
[3 hours]  Lectures covering nutrition and transport in humans, role of nutrition in growth and development, nutritional diseases.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2170

BIOL - 3410   PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
[3 hours]  Lectures on the basic concepts of plant physiology.  Included will be a review of plant organization, transport systems, and biochemistry.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3010 and either CHEM 1220 or 1240

BIOL - 3420   DOMESTICATED PLANTS
[3 hours]  A discussion of plants which are important to humans from household, garden, landscape, agronomic and other perspectives.  Laboratory exercises will concern culture techniques.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2150, 2160, 2170, 2180

BIOL - 3510   COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY
[4 hours]  A comparative treatment of the evolutionary and developmental history of the major vertebrate organ systems.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2150, 2160, 2170, 2180

BIOL - 4010   MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
[3 hours]  Analysis of the regulatory mechanisms for nucleic acid and protein synthesis; genome structure; recombination; genetic damage and repair.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030

BIOL - 4030   MICROBIOLOGY
[3 hours]  Lectures on the principles of modern microbiology and virology, including metabolism, growth, cellular morphology, genetics, and host parasite relationships.  Bacterial and viral diseases will be illustrated.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030; CHEM 2420  Corequisite: BIOL 4040

BIOL - 4040   MICROBIOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  Laboratories utilizing basic microbiological techniques and illustrating principles of growth, identification, and genetics of microbes.  Corequisite: BIOL 4030

BIOL - 4050   IMMUNOLOGY
[3 hours]  Lectures on the chemical, genetic and cellular basis of the immune response.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030

BIOL - 4060   IMMUNOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  Laboratory studies of the immune response.  Corequisite: BIOL 4050

BIOL - 4070   DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
[3 hours]  Lectures on molecular and cellular interactions in animal and plant embryogenesis and development.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030

BIOL - 4080   DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  An analysis of development by biochemical and biological methods using live materials.  Corequisite: BIOL 4070
BIOL - 4110   HUMAN GENETICS
[3 hours]  A systematic survey of genetic variation in man with emphasis on modern research methodology.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030

BIOL - 4130   CYTOGENETICS
[3 hours]  Lectures pertaining to chromosome architecture and mechanisms controlling variation in chromosome structures and changes in chromosome number.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030

BIOL - 4150   EVOLUTION
[3 hours]  The modern theory of evolution presented within a framework of theoretical genetics and population biology; phylogeny and evolution of the vertebrates.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3010; CHEM 2420

BIOL - 4200   REGULATION OF INTERNAL MAMMALIAN ENVIRONMENT
[3 hours]  Mechanisms regulating gas exchange, water balance, and electrolyte concentrations in plasma and interstitial fluid in the mammalian body; normal function of cardiovascular, gas exchange, and renal systems including neuroendocrine control.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3070

BIOL - 4230   COMPARATIVE ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY
[3 hours]  Lectures on the comparative and environmental physiology of vertebrates and invertebrates including metabolism, temperature regulation, respiration, circulation, excretion and osmotic regulation.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030, 3070

BIOL - 4300   FIELD BOTANY
[3 hours]  Introduction to the principles and methodology of plant taxonomy with particular attention to the native plant species.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3050

BIOL - 4310   INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY
[3 hours]  Survey of the invertebrates from unicellular protista to protostomes and deuterostomes.  Emphasis on adaptations to aquatic, terrestrial, or parasitic habitats.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2150, 2170

BIOL - 4320   INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  Laboratory exercises and field trips involving observation, collection and dissection of representative invertebrates.  Corequisite: BIOL 4310

BIOL - 4330   PARASITOLOGY
[3 hours]  A study of the host-parasite interaction including aspects of parasite morphology, taxonomy, development and ecology.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2150, 2170

BIOL - 4610   BIOSTATISTICS
[4 hours]  The principles and practices of sampling and measurement in biology and testing of hypotheses.  Prerequisite: MATH 1760 or 1860; BIOL 3050

BIOL - 4630   AQUATIC ECOLOGY
[3 hours]  The biology of populations, communities and ecosystems with emphasis on aquatic environments.  Includes the application of principles and theory from aquatic ecology to help understand and solve management problems in aquatic systems.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3050

BIOL - 4640   AQUATIC ECOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  Laboratory exercises on the biology of aquatic populations, communities, and ecosystems.  Corequisite: BIOL 4630

BIOL - 4690   ECOLOGY FIELD TRIP
[2 - 4 hours]  Field trip to a major ecosystem of a region other than northwestern Ohio.  Includes analysis of structural and functional relationships within and between ecosystems, with opportunities for individual student projects.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3050

BIOL - 4700   BIOLOGICAL LITERATURE AND COMMUNICATION
[3 hours]  A writing intensive course that focuses on reading original literature in biology in a variety of formats.  Required of all biology majors.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030, 3050, 3070.  Corequisite: Senior Standing

BIOL - 4910   UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH
[1 - 3 hours]  Faculty directed research.  Both oral and written reports of results required.  Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

BIOL - 4940   EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH
[1 - 10 hours]  Prior consent of both the department and the proposed supervisor.  Scientist-supervised study of research done in an extramural research institute or scientific laboratory.  Written and oral reports to the department required.  Maximum of 6 hours may count toward BIOL electvies  Prerequisite: BIOL 2150, 2170; Consent of Chair

BIOL - 4980  ADVANCED TOPICS IN BIOLOGY
[1-3 hours]  An advanced course for Biology majors in an important area of biology  May be repeated for credit under different specialty numbers (topics).  Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.  Topic must be approved in advanced by Undergraduate Committee and Chair.

BIOL - 4990   INDEPENDENT STUDY IN BIOLOGY
[1 - 3 hours]  Faculty directed readings or projects in a specific area of Biology.  Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor

BIOL - 5030/7030   ADVANCED MICROBIOLOGY
[3 hours]  Lectures on the principles of modern microbiology and virology, including metabolism, growth, cellular morphology, genetics and host parasite relationships.  Bacterial and viral diseases will be illustrated.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030 or equivalent; CHEM 2420  Corequisite: BIOL 5040/7040

BIOL - 5040/7040   ADVANCED MICROBIOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  Laboratories utilizing basic microbiological techniques and illustrating principles of growth, identification and genetics of microbes.  Corequisite: BIOL 5030/7030

BIOL - 5050/7050   ADVANCED IMMUNOLOGY
[3 hours]  The development, genetics and physiology of the immune response.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030 or equivalent

BIOL - 5060/7060   ADVANCED IMMUNOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  Laboratory studies of the immune response.  Corequisite: BIOL 5050/7050

BIOL - 5070/7070   ADVANCED DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
[3 hours]  Lectures on molecular and cellular interactions in animal and plant embryogenesis and development.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030 or equivalent

BIOL - 5080/7080   ADVANCED DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  An analysis of development by biochemical and biological methods using live materials.  Corequisite: BIOL 5070/7070

BIOL - 5110/7110   ADVANCED HUMAN GENETICS
[3 hours]  A systematic survey of genetic variation in man with emphasis on modern research methodology.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030 or equivalent

BIOL - 5130/7130   ADVANCED CYTOGENETICS
[3 hours]  Lectures pertaining to chromosome architecture and mechanisms controlling variation in chromosome structures and changes in chromosome number.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030 or equivalent

BIOL - 5150/7150   ORGANIC EVOLUTION
[3 hours]  The modern theory of evolution presented within a framework of theoretical genetics and population genetics and population biology; phylogeny and evolution of the vertebrates.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3010 or equivalent; CHEM 2420

BIOL - 5230/7230   ADVANCED COMPARATIVE ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY
[3 hours]  Lectures on the comparative and environmental physiology of vertebrates and invertebrates including metabolism, temperature regulation, respiration, circulation excretion, and osmotic regulation  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030, 3070 or equivalents

BIOL - 5300/7300   ADVANCED FIELD BOTANY
[3 hours]  Principles and methods of plant taxonomy stressing native species; preparation of botanical specimens for preservation.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3050 or equivalent

BIOL - 5310/7310   SURVEY OF THE INVERTEBRATES
[3 hours]  Survey of invertebrates from unicellular protista and protostomes and deuterostomes.  Emphasis on adaptations to aquatic, terrestrial or parasitic habitats.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2150 or equivalent; BIOL 2170 or equivalent

BIOL - 5320/7320   INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  Laboratory exercises and field trips involving observation, collection and dissection of representative invertebrates.  Corequisite: BIOL 5310/7310

BIOL - 5330/7330   ADVANCED PARASITOLOGY
[3 hours]  A study of the host-parasite interaction including aspects of parasite morphology, taxonomy, development and ecology.  Prerequisite: BIOL 2150 or equivalent; BIOL 2170 or equivalent

BIOL - 5610/7610   ADVANCED BIOSTATISTICS
[4 hours]  The principles and practices of sampling and measurement in biology and testing of hypotheses.  Prerequisite: MATH 1760 or 1860; BIOL 3050 or equivalent.

BIOL - 5630/7630   ADVANCED AQUATIC ECOLOGY
[3 hours]  Advanced cross-disciplinary concepts in the ecology of aquatic environments emphasizing the biology of populations, communities, and ecosystems.  Includes a project on the application of principles and theory to help understand and solve a management problem in aquatic systems.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3050; MATH 1760 or 1860; CHEM 2420 or Consent of Instructor.

BIOL - 5640/7640   ADVANCED AQUATIC ECOLOGY LABORATORY
[1 hour]  Laboratory exercises on the biology of aquatic populations, communities, and ecosystems.  Corequisite: BIOL 5630/7630

BIOL - 5690/7690   ECOLOGY FIELD TRIP
[2 - 4 hours]  Field trip to a major ecosystems of a region other than northwestern Ohio. Includes analysis of structural and functional relationships within and between ecosystem, with opportunities for individual student projects.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3050 or equivalent

BIOL - 6000/8000   INTRODUCTION TO SCIENTIFIC THOUGHT AND EXPRESSION
[3 hours]  A writing intensive course for new graduate students that focuses on scientific hypothesis testing and reading the original literature in biology.

BIOL - 6010/8010   ADVANCED MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
[4 hours]  Analysis of recent developments in prokaryotic and eukaryotic molecular biology through evaluation and discussion of current literature.

BIOL - 6020/8020   ADVANCED MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LABORATORY
[3 hours]  Library screening and sequencing of selected clones.

BIOL - 6090/8090   ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY
[4 hours]  An advanced course that stresses the experimental basis for current concepts of cell structure and function.

BIOL - 6100/8100   RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
[3 hours]  An in-depth discussion of techniques used in the study of cell and molecular biology.  Examples include chromatography, all   fractionation, electrophoresis cell and molecular cloning.  Prerequisite: BIOL 3030; CHEM 6500

BIOL - 6510/8510   PROTEIN CHEMISTRY
[4 hours]  See CHEM 6510/8510

BIOL - 6520/8520   ENZYMOLOGY
[4 hours]  See CHEM 6520/8520

BIOL - 6530/8530   NUCLEIC ACID CHEMISTRY
[4 hours]  See CHEM 6530/8530

BIOL - 6600/8600   FOUNDATIONS OF ECOLOGY
[4 hours]  An overview of the development of ecological concepts for beginning graduate students.  Readings and discussion focus on classic papers and historical essays.

BIOL - 6610/8610   CURRENT TOPICS IN ECOLOGY
[4 hours]  Discussions dealing with current problems in the biology of populations, communities and ecosystems.

BIOL - 6920/8920   SPECIAL PROJECTS IN BIOLOGY
[2 - 4 hours]  Introduction to research on a selected problem under the direction of an individual faculty member.

BIOL - 6930/8930   SEMINAR IN BIOLOGY
[1 hour]  Presentation on research or current literature by graduate students, faculty, or guest speakers.

BIOL - 6940/8940   EXTRAMURAL STUDIES IN BIOLOGY
[2 - 4 hours]  Prior consent of both the department and the proposed supervisor. Scientist-supervised study of research done in an extramural research institute or scientific laboratory. Written and oral reports to the department required.  Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor

BIOL - 6960   MASTERS THESIS RESEARCH
[1 - 15 hours]  Research that normally contributes to the fulfillment of the M.S. thesis requirement.

BIOL - 6980/8980   ADVANCED TOPICS IN BIOLOGY
[2 - 4 hours]  Seminar/discussion of significant current topics or problems in biology.

BIOL - 6990/8990   ADVANCED READINGS IN BIOLOGY
[2 - 4 hours]  Faculty directed readings or projects in a specific area of Biology.  Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor

BIOL - 8960   DOCTORAL DISSERTATION RESEARCH
[1 - 15 hours]  Research normally leading to the fulfillment of the Ph.D. dissertation requirement.

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Last Updated: 5/5/14