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College of Arts & Sciences General Information
Find a Major or Degree in the College of Arts & Sciences
Office of the Dean
Dr. Nina McClelland, Dean
Lee Heritage, Senior Associate Dean
Geoffrey Martin, Associate Dean
Alice Skeens, Associate Dean
Christine Habrecht, Assistant Dean and director of student services
John Klear, Graduation and college Adviser
Melanie Dusseau, General studies and college Adviser
Sharon Schnarre, Pre-med/pre-dent/pre-vet Adviser
Department of Art
Debra Davis, Chair
Department of Biological Sciences
Douglas Leaman, Chair
| Phone: 419.530.2065
Department of Chemistry
A.Alan Pinkerton, Chair
Department of Communication
James Benjamin, Chair
Department of Environmental Sciences
Michael Phillips, Chair
Department of Economics
Michael Dowd, Chair
Department of English
Sara Lundquist, Chair
Department of Foreign Languages
Ruth Hottell, Chair
Department of Geography and Planning
Peter S. Lindquist, Chair
Department of History
William J. O'Neal, Chair
Department of Mathematics
Paul Hewitt, Chair
Department of Music
Timothy Brakel, Chair
Department of Philosophy
Scott Hall Room 1011
Department of Physics and Astronomy
Karen Bjorkman, Chair
Department of Political Science and Public Administration
Mark E. Denham, Chair
Department of Psychology
Mark Denham, Acting Chair
Department of Sociology and Anthropology
Barbara K. Chesney, Chair
Department of Theatre and Film
Holly Monsos, Chair
Department of Women’s and Gender Studies
Jamie Barlowe, Chair
Rubin Patterson, Interim director
James Campbell, director
University Hall Room
Charles Blatz, director
Kristin Kirschbaum, director
Lake Erie Research Center
Carol Stepien, director
| Phone: 419.530.8360
Law and Social Thought Program
Renee Heberle, co-director
Jerry Van Hoy, co-director
Master of Liberal Studies Program
Lawrence Anderson-Huang, director
Nancy Morrison, director
Daryl Dwyer, director
Barbara Schneider, director
The College of Arts and Sciences offers a liberal arts education as well as professional specializations at the undergraduate and graduate levels through excellence in teaching, research, creative activities, and service; stimulates discovery, informed critical thought, and creative activity in the arts, humanities, mathematics and natural sciences, social sciences, and interdisciplinary efforts; and fosters cultural pluralism, respects diverse opinions and worldviews, and promotes values, skills, and knowledge important in regional and global communities.
Beginning fall 2008, new first-year students must have either a 2.0 high school GPA or ACT composite of 19 to be admitted to the College of Arts and Sciences. Beginning summer 2009, new first-year students must have either a 2.25 high school GPA or ACT composite of 20 to be admitted to the College of Arts ad Sciences.
Tobe considered for admission to the premedical, pre-dental and pre-veterinary programs, students need a minimum high school cumulative GPA of 3.0 or a minimum ACT composite score of 25 (or minimum SAT combined score of 1140). Students also should have successfully completed a minimum of three years of high school mathematics (algebra I, algebra II and geometry) and high school chemistry. Students not meeting the minimum requirements will be admitted to a College of Arts and Sciences departmental or interdisciplinary major of their choice or into the Bachelor of Science general studies major. After achieving a 3.0 cumulative GPA at UT, these students may apply to the premedical/predental Adviser for admission to the program after the first year of study.
Change of College
Students in good standing (i.e. with a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or higher) who wish to change from another college of The University of Toledo to the College of Arts and Sciences should make an appointment with a college Adviser in the College Student Services Office to discuss their transfer and have their academic records reviewed. External transfer course work previously evaluated by other UT colleges will be re-evaluated. All college requirements, including core, distributive, major and related requirements, must be fulfilled as specified in the catalog for the year in which the student enters the College of Arts and Sciences. Credit restrictions and level requirements for Arts and Sciences students will apply.
Admission with Transfer Credit from Another Institution
Nomore than 94 semester hours of credit earned at other institutions may apply toward a degree in the College of Arts and Sciences. Course work from other institutions is accepted at the level at which the course was taught at that institution. Courses transferred from community, junior or technical colleges offering Associate degrees will not count toward the requirement of 32 credits at the 3000-4000 levels. Students with transfer credit are generally expected to fulfill all University and college course requirements for a degree in the College of Arts and Sciences as specified in the catalog for the year in which they enter the College of Arts and Sciences. In some cases, not all the credits that transfer into The University of Toledo will apply toward a degree in the College of Arts and Sciences, e.g., developmental courses and excess credits in the major and in technical subjects. Transfers from other institutions shall take at least 30 semester hours at The University of Toledo, including 12 semester hours of work in their major field and 9 semester hours In their minor field, regardless of the number of hours transferred.
Students transferring to the University of Toledo in Spring 2007 or later, including transfer readmits, must meet minimum GPA requirements in their Arts and Sciences majors and minors with both (1) the grades of all courses attempted at UT and (2) in a second calculation, the grades of all courses attempted at all institutions (including UT). The grades of all courses (from all institutions) which are used by those students to satisfy UT Core requirements must be used in the calculation of the UT Core GPA.
UTstudents who attend other institutions as guests or transient students in Fall 2008 or later must also meet minimum GPA requirements in their Arts and Sciences majors and minors with (1) the grades of all courses attempted at UT and (2) in a second calculation, the grades of all courses attempted at all institutions (including UT). The grades of all courses (from all institutions) which are used by those students to satisfy UT Core requirements must be used in the calculation of the UT Core GPA.
For the purposes of meeting minimum cumulative GPA's in a student's A & S major(s) and/or minor(s) and the UT Core, the grades of all courses attempted at all institutions will be included in the GPA calculation(s). Note: Due to technological limitations of UT's current Degree Audit Reporting System, Degree Audit GPA calculations for students who have taken courses at other institutions may not be accurate. Consult a college staff Adviser if you have questions.
Transfer students should note that The University of Toledo will include all course work taken at all institutions of higher education in the calculation to determine if a student will graduate with honors. All college course work ever taken is computed in determining eligibility for graduation with honors, although no student will be awarded a level of honors above that indicated by The University of Toledo cumulative grade point average (GPA). Note: The University of Toledo requires a minimum of 30 semester hours of standard letter graded courses from UT in order to qualify for graduation with honors.
Anapplicant who has undertaken courses at a regionally accredited college or university and who submits through the Office of Undergraduate Admission for Adult, Transfer and International Students an official transcript listing courses and grades and giving evidence of good standing will be admitted to the College of Arts and Sciences, provided the student has maintained a minimum GPA of 2.0 on a 4.0 scale.
Exceptions to this minimum admission requirement are rarely made and require the applicant to demonstrate, in a written petition to the committee on academic standing, that there are special circumstances that warrant waiver of the requirement. Approval of the petition is not automatic, and those students who are admitted by petition will be placed on special probationary status and must meet certain conditions to remain enrolled.
Ifthe college from which the applicant transfers lacks proper accreditation, the student may be denied transfer credit on the basis of the transcript, but may be allowed to obtain credit by passing advanced standing examinations with at least a C grade. Official transcripts of records from all schools previously attended must be on file with the Office of Undergraduate Admission for Adult, Transfer and International Students before the student will be permitted to register.
ASecond Degree at The University of Toledo
A student earning a first degree at The University of Toledo may earn a second bachelor’s degree in the College of Arts and Sciences by taking a minimum of 20 additional semester hours and satisfying all requirements for both degrees. The student must take the additional 20 hours in College of Arts and Sciences course work, unless the student’s major department requires course work outside the college to satisfy major or related requirements.
Anundergraduate with a degree from another institution is considered a transfer student. Such a student is then considered a candidate for a second degree. See requirements for admission with transfer credit from another institution.
Requirements for Students with an Associate’s Degree
Students holding an Associate of arts or Associate of science degree from an accredited college are encouraged to enroll in
the College of Arts and
Sciences and, in many instances, may expect to earn an appropriate baccalaureate upon completion of two years of full-time
study. Students with
an Associate’s degree in a technical program will likely require more time to complete a bachelor’s degree. The following
• Students must complete the equivalent of the specified University and college core and distributive requirements for a bachelor’s degree.
• In all baccalaureate programs, a minimum of 64 hours must be taken at the 2000 to 4000 levels; of these, a minimum of 32 hours must be taken at the 3000 to 4000 levels in baccalaureate degree - granting colleges. Course work from other institutions is accepted at the level at which the course was taught at that institution.
• Students may enroll in any departmental, interdepartmental or interdisciplinary program for which they meet the admission criteria. All of the usual major and related area requirements must be fulfilled as specified in the catalog for the year in which the student entered the College of Arts and Sciences.
• For students with an Associate’s degree in a technical program, no more than six additional hours of credit outside the college may apply toward graduation.
Readmission of Former Arts and Sciences Students
Students who have withdrawn from the College of Arts and Sciences and The University of Toledo and have not attended any other institution in the Interim may be readmitted, provided they were eligible to continue enrollment in the college at the time they discontinued attendance. Such students should readmit at the College Student Services Office. Students who have been suspended from the College of Arts and Sciences must submit a written letter of petition. Students who readmit after more than 12 consecutive months’ absence must comply with existing college requirements at the time of readmission.
Refer to UT Policy website for academic policies that apply to all students.
Academic advising is a process intended to help students derive as many benefits as possible from their educations. This occurs when Advisers help students develop and reach academic and career goals. While the ultimate responsibility for making personal and educational decisions rests with the student, Advisers assist by helping to identify and assess alternatives and the consequences of decisions. Advising can be much more than selecting courses. The more frequently students arrange to meet with their Advisers, the better their needs can be served.
New students, transfer students, students changing colleges, and continuing general studies students are advised in the College of Arts and Sciences Student Services Office, University Hall Room 3000, by college staff Advisers. They provide essential information; help students select courses to meet University core and college distributive requirements; suggest courses for the exploration of majors and minors; and help students evaluate academic progress and adjustment to university life. Students with declared majors and/or minors are advised by departmental major or program Advisers, faculty who provide general information as well as more specialized information about majors and minor programs, departmental course offerings, and career and graduate opportunities. They help students select courses for general, major, related, and other requirements. Students in the Honors Program and those seeking more than one major or degree, a minor, or admission to professional school should meet periodically with one or more additional Advisers. A complete list of academic Advisers is available on the college website or in the College office.
Students are responsible for correctly selecting courses for their programs of study each semester and for fulfilling all degree requirements. Although Advisers will assist wherever possible, the final responsibility rests with the student. Students are expected to make sure that they are fulfilling all degree requirements, as published in the issue of the catalog of the College of Arts and Sciences under which they entered. Students who have been out of the College of Arts and Sciences for 12 consecutive months are responsible for the requirements in the University catalog under which they reenter.
Transcripts and Degree Audit Reports
A transcript is a complete chronological list of a student’s academic course work (including all courses attempted and grades earned). It does not show how specific courses apply or do not apply to University and college requirements as stipulated in this catalog. For example, developmental, excess technical, non-repeatable and certain other courses are not counted toward minimum credits for degrees, but appear on transcripts.
The Degree Audit Report (DAR) details all requirements applicable to a student’s academic program (degree, major, minor) and applies the student’s courses on the transcript (including transfer credit) to those requirements. The DAR should be used to identify requirements remaining when all registered courses are completed.
The College of Arts and Sciences Student Services Office (UH Room 3000) will provide an unofficial transcript and DAR to a College of Arts and Sciences student presenting a picture ID. Students also may view their transcript and DAR through the myUT portal with Student Self-Service.
Declaring or Changing a Major or Minor
Todeclare a major or minor or change one previously declared, students must fill out a form that is available in the College Student Services Office.
Sequence of Courses
There is no single prescribed sequence of courses, except that all first-year students should take ARS 1000 Orientation, College Composition I and II, and any developmental courses required on the basis of placement testing and/or high school deficiencies. Students should consult the later sections of the catalog devoted to programs of study and course offerings, and they should review their programs with their academic Advisers to ensure they complete courses in the proper sequences. In addition, students should use their Degree Audit Reports to track their progress.
Students majoring in the areas of humanities and social sciences are expected to defer most of their major work until the junior and senior years, except for courses prerequisite to the 3000 level and 4000 level courses in their fields. Outside the major, during the first two years, they should be sure to take those courses in the general requirements that are prerequisite to courses they wish to take as juniors and seniors.
Entering students who expect to major in mathematics or in one of the areas of the natural sciences usually should begin the special courses designated as prerequisite for advanced courses in their first year. For example, calculus is a prerequisite for other mathematics courses and for later courses in physics, chemistry and geology. General Chemistry I and II, Biology Fundamentals of Life Science I and II, and Fundamentals of Geology are prerequisites for succeeding courses required for majors in these areas.
Students who plan to study abroad must be sure that their proposed course of study is properly accredited. Its academic acceptability should be verified by the college before departure. Students also should ascertain in advance from their Advisers whether the course work will count toward their general requirements, majors, or related areas or only be regarded as elective. Credit for foreign language study is subject to the approval and recommendation of the department of foreign languages.
Information about study abroad programs is generally available from Advisers in many college programs and departments and from the Office of Study Abroad.
Transient (Guest) Enrollment at Another Institution
Arts and Sciences students must have advance permission both to enroll elsewhere as a guest and to take specific courses. The Transient Student form for this purpose is available in the College Student Services Office and on the college website. Students enrolling without permission will be considered transfer readmits upon their return to UT. A & S students enrolled as transients or guests at another institution must submit an official transcript to the UT Office of Admission at the conclusion of the enrolled term. Grades of all courses attempted in the major, minor, and UT Core will be used in cumulative GPA calculations.
GPA Recalculation for Repeated Courses
The College of Arts and Sciences permits a maximum of 12 semester hours or the equivalent of 18 quarter hours of course work
to be deleted from the
GPA calculation. Students who have had their GPAs recomputed under the Academic Forgiveness Policy are not eligible for grade
Criteria governing GPA recalculation are given in the General Section of this catalog. Students should check with the College Student Services Office for more specific information on this policy. Students may not use repeat courses taken at other institutions to qualify for a GPA recalculation.
Withdrawal Policy (W, IW, DR Grades)
The number of credit hours of W, IW and DR is limited to 22 hours for all undergraduate students in degree programs in the College of Arts and Sciences. Once a student has accumulated 22 hours of W, IW or DR, further withdrawals will be counted as F’s in computation of the student’s GPA for purposes of probation or suspension. In addition, students who receive financial aid risk the loss of financial aid if they accumulate excessive hours of W, IW and DR.
Students who transfer into the College of Arts and Sciences from another college at The University of Toledo will bring with them the number of W’s, IW’s and DR’s accumulated in their previous work.
Note: Assignment of the IW and DR grades has been discontinued. A student wanting to be withdrawn from a course must file a petition in the Records Office by the deadline in the term of enrollment.
A student whose cumulative GPA is less than 2.0 is automatically placed on probation until a 2.0 cumulative GPA is achieved (See Withdrawal Policy above). It is recommended that a student on probation not enroll for more than 12 to 14 credits.
Academic suspension means that a student is prohibited from registering at The University of Toledo for a period of at least
one semester. Students
are subject to academic suspension if their GPA falls below the minimum GPA listed below or if they fail to make sufficient
attainment of the degree. (See Withdrawal Policy). Students may remove Incompletes while under suspension.
A student is subject to academic suspension if the cumulative GPA is less than:
1.0 for 10 to 19 hours attempted
1.5 for 20 to 29 hours attempted
1.7 for 30 to 39 hours attempted
1.8 for 40 to 49 hours attempted
1.9 for 50 to 59 hours attempted
2.0 for 60 or more hours attempted
After accumulating 60 credit hours without suspension, a student may be suspended if the cumulative GPA falls below 2.0 for two consecutive semesters.
Trial Readmission Policy
After the required suspension period, a student may petition for readmission to the College of Arts and Sciences committee on academic standing. The petition must be received at least one month before the beginning of the semester in which the student wishes to readmit. If the petition is accepted, the college committee will determine the terms of the conditional registration agreement, under which the student will be permitted to re-enroll. Suspended students who are granted readmission must maintain the designated GPA for each semester thereafter and meet the conditions of their readmission agreement. Students failing to meet these conditions are subject to a one-year suspension.
Students who fail to meet the conditions for readmission after their second suspension are subject to dismissal and are not eligible for readmission to the College of Arts and Sciences for at least three years. Refer to the General Section of this catalog for information on the Academic Forgiveness Policy.
A student has the responsibility and right to call to the attention of an instructor any grade that the student believes to be in error or unfair. A student may appeal the decision of the instructor, in order, to the department Chair, the Dean, then to the college appeals committee if the problem is not resolved. If the problem is not resolved at the college level, the student may appeal to the student grievance council (See also The University of Toledo Student Handbook). A student must begin the appeals process no later than the end of the semester following the one in which the grievance arose.
Statement on Academic Dishonesty
A student found to be academically dishonest by a faculty member may appeal, in order, to the department Chair, the Dean, the college appeals committee and the University student grievance council. The procedures for making an appeal to the student grievance council may be found in The University of Toledo Student Handbook. Refer to the General Section of this catalog for the policy statement on academic dishonesty.
College Level Examination Program (CLEP)
The College of Arts and Sciences will accept a maximum of 21 semester hours of CLEP through successful completion of the four general examinations. Additional credit may be earned through satisfactory scores on individual subject examinations. Required minimum scores and credits awarded are as follows:
Humanities: For a score of 50, a student will receive six hours credit for College of Arts and Sciences distributive requirements in the humanities.
College mathematics: For a score of 65, a student will receive three hours credit for MATH 1180.
Natural sciences: For a score of 50, a student will receive six hours credit for College of Arts and Sciences distributive requirements in the natural sciences.
Social sciences and history: For a score of 50, a student will receive six hours credit for College of Arts and Sciences distributive requirements in the social sciences.
American government: For a score of 50, a student will receive three hours credit for PSC 1200.
Biology: For a score of 50, a student will receive three hours credit for BIOL 1120.
Calculus: For a score of 65, a student will receive four hours credit for MATH 1850.
Chemistry: For a score of 50, a student will receive eight hours credit for CHEM 1230 and CHEM 1240.
College algebra: For a score of 65, a student will receive three hours credit for MATH 1320.
French language: For a score of 50, a student will receive four hours credit for FREN 1500. For a score of 62, a student will receive seven hours credit for FREN 1500 and FREN 2140.
German language: For a score of 50, a student will receive four hours credit for GERM 1500. For a score of 62, a student will receive seven hours credit for GERM 1500 and GERM 2140.
Human growth and development: For a score of 50, a student will receive three hours of credit for PSY 2510.
Introductory psychology: For a score of 50, a student will receive three hours of credit for PSY 1010.
Introductory Sociology: For a score of 50, a student will receive three hours credit for SOC 1010.
Precalculus: For a score of 65, a student will receive four hours of credit for MATH 1340.
Principles of macroeconomics: For a score of 50, a student will receive three hours credit for ECON 1150.
Principles of microeconomics: For a score of 50, a student will receive three hours credit for ECON 1200.
Spanish language: For a score of 50, a student will receive four hours credit for SPAN 1500. For a score of 66, a student will receive seven hours of credit for SPAN 1500 and SPAN 2140.
Advanced Placement Program
Refer to the College of Arts and Sciences programs of study section for specific information on minimum scores and credits awarded for Advanced Placement examinations administered by the College Board Advanced Placement Program.
Pass/No Credit Option
Refer to the General Section of this catalog for an explanation of the pass/no credit grading option. Refer to programs of study in the College of Arts and Sciences section of this catalog for the limitations on pass/no credit grading in effect for different majors. Undecided students, as a general rule, should not elect pass/no credit grading in major-level courses.
Graduation Evaluation Requirement
Two or three semesters before a student intends to graduate, the student and the student’s major Adviser must complete a Graduation Progress Evaluation. This process is initiated by the student. Students with more than one major or one or more minors must be evaluated for the completion of each major and minor. Detailed instructions on the Graduation Progress Evaluation and graduation procedures are available at the college office.
Policies and procedures for incorporating field experiences or internships in academic programs vary from major to major. Some majors require a field experience or internship; for other majors, they are optional. Students should seek information from their major departments and obtain advance approval for all field experiences or internships.
A. Grade Point Averages
A cumulative grade point average (GPA) reflects all grades earned, including grades of F and grades in repeated courses. Candidates must earn a minimum overall cumulative GPA of C (that is, a 2.0 GPA on a 4.0 scale) for all UT course work. In addition, candidates must earn a minimum cumulative GPA of C in the major, minor (optional) and UT core, with the grades of all courses attempted at all institutions included in the GPA calculation. Some programs require a higher GPA in the major. Refer to the General Section of this catalog for information on grade deletions and academic forgiveness.
B. Residency Requirement
Students transferring from other institutions must earn at least 30 hours of credit at The University of Toledo; at least 12 of these must be in the major area, and for students pursuing a minor, at least 9 hours must be earned at The University of Toledo. Full-time students must take their last semester, and part-time students their last 12 hours, in residence, unless alternative arrangements have been made in advance with the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.
C. Credit Hours and Levels
1. Students must complete a minimum of 124 hours of course work that must include the University and college core and distributive
and either an area of concentration (major) and course work related to the major, or an interdisciplinary program.
2. In all baccalaureate programs, a minimum of 64 hours must be taken at the 2000 to 4000 levels; of these a minimum of 32 hours must be taken at the 3000 to 4000 levels. (Courses transferred from community, junior or technical colleges offering Associate degrees will not count toward the 3000-4000 level requirement.)
3. Students are cautioned to make use of their degree audit and review remaining requirements with their Adviser before every registration in order to make progress toward completion of their requirements in an orderly, timely manner.
4. Insofar as a student can complete the basic courses and the courses required for a chosen major (as outlined in sections E - K below) in fewer than the 124 hours required for a degree, the student must choose elective courses to complete the total of 124 hours, subject to the restrictions outlined below.
D. Credit Restrictions
Total earned hours shown on a student’s transcript may not all be applicable to the minimum 124 credits required for a degree,
1. Students with entrance deficiencies in mathematics and other students who are required or choose to take developmental course work will need to complete additional hours.
2. No more than four hours of credit in performing ensembles (MUS 2010/3010 - 2190/3190) will apply toward the degree.
3. No courses in typing, shorthand or keyboarding will apply toward the degree.
4. No more than two hours in skill courses in physical education or recreation courses at the 1000 level will apply toward the degree.
5. No more than two hours in Student Leadership Development I and II will apply toward the degree.
6. Restriction on technical electives – no more than 15 hours of credit earned in colleges other than the College of Arts and Sciences, either at The University of Toledo or elsewhere, will apply toward the degree.
Exceptions to this restriction may be approved by the student’s department in cases where technical courses are determined by departments to satisfy related requirements. In addition, College of Arts and Sciences students taking a business minor will be permitted to take 21 hours of business courses. However, no additional technical electives beyond these 21 hours will apply to the degree.
7. Duplicate credit – except for courses identified as repeatable courses, students will not receive credit for repeated courses (taking the same course twice), whether taken at The University of Toledo or elsewhere.
8. The college reserves the right to deny credit for other specific courses (including most SKLS courses) and for blanket technical credit not applicable to a student’s specific program.
E. University Core Curriculum Requirements
Students earning baccalaureates in all colleges and programs are required to complete between 27 and 30 credit hours of courses that comprise the University Core Curriculum. Those courses are distributed in the areas of English composition, humanities/fine arts, social sciences, natural sciences and mathematics, and multicultural studies (see the General Section of this catalog for details). Some colleges and programs require courses in these areas above those required to fulfill University Core requirements. Students should contact their academic department or college office for specific details.
F. Orientation (ARS 1000) - 1 hour
All new first-year students are required to take ARS 1000. The course is optional for transfer students.
G. Arts and Sciences Skill Areas Requirements
Students are placed into English composition and mathematics courses by ACT scores or placement tests in those subjects. Students
are placed into
foreign language courses through placement testing.
1. English Composition (University of Toledo core and College of Arts and Sciences requirement) – 6 hours. Students must pass Composition I (or Composition I with Workshop, see below) and Composition II with a grade of C or better.
a. Native speakers track (for students for whom English is a first
ENGL 1100 – 5 hours
Composition I with Workshop (Developmental course; three
hours will count toward degree if student earns a grade of C or
higher; any student who earns a grade of C or higher will go
directly to Composition II; any student who does not pass will
go to Composition I.)
ENGL 1110 – 3 hours
College Composition I
ENGL 1130 (or 1140 or 1150) – 3 hours
College Composition II
b. Nonnative speakers track (for students for whom English is a
second language) Students will take an English placement test
to determine appropriate level.
ENGL 1020 – 3 hours
Writing and Grammar for English as a Second Language
ENGL 1110 – 3 hours
ENGL 1120 – 2 hours
Composition I Lab for ESL (corequisite to ENGL 1110)
ENGL 1130 (or 1140 or 1150) – 3 hours
Composition II (A maximum of three hours of ENGL 1020 and ENGL 1120 will count toward the degree.)
2. Mathematics 1180 (UT core and College of Arts and Sciences requirement) – 3 hours (may replace with any mathematics course greater than MATH 1180, except MATH 2280).
3. Foreign Languages (College of Arts and Sciences requirement) – 0 to 14 hours (foreign languages 1110, 1120, 1500, 2140, 2150). Every student is required to demonstrate proficiency in a single foreign language (Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Latin or Spanish) through the intermediate (foreign languages 2150) level by successfully completing a foreign language course at this level or by achieving an appropriate score on a proficiency/placement test administered by the department of foreign languages that reflects the equivalent.
Students beginning a foreign language should enroll in their chosen language at the elementary 1110 level and will take four semesters of foreign language. Those continuing a foreign language or attempting to demonstrate competency by examination should take a proficiency/placement test. Students with two or more years of French, German or Spanish in high school who place below an intermediate course may enroll in an intensive review course (foreign languages 1500) that covers the material in the first two semesters (foreign languages 1110 and 1120), and then complete the second-year courses (foreign languages 2140 and 2150).
H. Arts and Sciences Distributive Requirements
Students should consult with their Advisers in selecting courses that will meet distributive requirements. With their Adviser’s
may select higher-level courses for which they have the prerequisites. With careful planning, students will be able to satisfy
UT Core Curriculum
and College of Arts and Sciences requirements by taking the minimum required hours. A student may take no more than two courses
(or two courses
and one lab for natural sciences) under each departmental code in satisfying the general education distributive requirements.
1. Humanities and Fine Arts (UT core requirement is two courses
for six hours; College of Arts and Sciences requires nine to 15
hours, depending on student’s major).
Students not majoring in the humanities or fine arts will take five courses (15 hours) in the humanities in addition to those taken to meet the English composition and foreign language requirements. Students majoring in the humanities or fine arts will be required to complete one history course, one literature course and one fine arts course. Students may select humanities courses that also will satisfy a UT core humanities or multicultural requirement.
Required Courses (for all majors) – 9 hours (see suggested courses listed below):
English Literature – 3 hours
History – 3 hours
Fine Arts – 3 hours (course must be an appreciation or theory course, not a studio or skills course)
Electives (for students not majoring in humanities or fine arts)
– two courses for 6 hours
Students may select courses from art, art history, communication, English, film, foreign languages (courses higher than 2150 or culture courses 1080 and 1090, or a second foreign language), history, humanities, music, philosophy, religious studies and theatre.
Among the courses with minimal or no prerequisites are as follows: ARTH 1500; CLC 1010; COMM 1010, 2000; ENGL 2710, 2720, 2730, 2740 and 2760; FILM 1310; FREN 1080 and 1090; GERM 1080 and 1090; HIST 1000 through 1200; HUM 1010, 1200, 2220, 2010 and 2020; JAPN 1080 and 1090; MUS 2200, 2210, 2220, 2240, 2250 and 2420; PHIL 1010, 1020, 2200 and 2400; REL 1220 and 2000; SPAN 1080, 1090 and 1100; and THR 1010 and 1100. However, higher-level humanities courses will satisfy these requirements and may be taken if student has met the prerequisites.
2. Natural Sciences (UT core requirement is two courses for 6
hours; College of Arts and Sciences requirement is three courses
for a minimum of 9 hours and must include one laboratory course).
Students not majoring in a natural science will take a minimum of 9 hours of courses in natural sciences and mathematics, in addition to the course taken to meet the mathematics requirement. (Because of The University of Toledo core curriculum requirements, students must take two courses from two different departments other than mathematics.) Students majoring in a natural science discipline other than mathematics will meet The University of Toledo core requirements with courses required for their program; students majoring in mathematics must take six hours in two natural sciences departments other than mathematics to meet the core requirements.
Students may select courses from astronomy, biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics and physics. Among the courses with minimal or no prerequisites are as follows: ASTR 1010, 2010, 2020 and 2050; BIOL 1120, 1140, 1150, 1340, 2010 and 2020; CHEM 1100 and 1150; EEES 1010, 1020, 1030, 1050, 1130, 1140, 1150, 1160 and 1170; BUAD 1020; and PHYS 1050, 1300, 1310, 1320, 1330 and 1750. However, higher-level natural sciences courses will satisfy this requirement and may be taken if the student has met the prerequisites.
3. Social Sciences (UT core requirement is two courses for six
hours; Arts and Sciences requirement is three courses for nine
Students majoring in a social science will need to take six hours from The University of Toledo core curriculum social sciences requirements. Students not majoring in a social science will take nine hours of courses in social sciences. Students may select social science courses that also will meet a UT core social science requirement and one multicultural requirement.
Students may select courses from anthropology, economics, geography, political science, psychology, and sociology. Among the courses with minimal or no prerequisites areas follows: ANTH 1020, 2020, 2800, and 2900; ECON 1010, 1150 and 1200; GEPL 1010 and 1100; PSC 1200, 1300, 1400 and 1710; PSY 1010; and SOC 1010 and SOC 1750.
I. Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) Requirement
Students must pass both Composition I and II with a C or better. The College of Arts and Sciences recommends that these requirements be met before completing 45 hours of course work. Students in the Honors Program will complete HON 1010 and 1020 to meet the Composition I and II requirement.
After completing Composition I and II (or HON 1010 and HON 1020 for Honors Program students) with a C or better, students must pass two writing intensive courses approved by their Adviser. The College of Arts and Sciences recommends that the first of these writing courses be completed within the first 65 hours of course work, and the second within the first 90 hours. One of these courses must be taken within the student’s major. Students with dual majors must take a writing intensive course in each major. Students with interdisciplinary majors will meet this requirement by selecting courses in consultation with their Advisers, who will monitor students’ progress to help them complete these requirements in a timely fashion.
Transfer students from institutions that have required writing intensive courses should have their former institution certify that they have completed writing intensive courses comparable to those required in the College of Arts and Sciences. Transfer students who have not taken writing intensive courses must meet the College of Arts and Sciences Writing Across the Curriculum requirements.
J. Major Area
Every student must complete either a departmental major or an interdepartmental or interdisciplinary major. Courses given in other colleges of the University may be credited to the major only with the approval of the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences upon recommendation of the department Chair. Waiver of a required course or the substitution of a course from another department does not necessarily reduce the minimum credits required in the major.
1. Departmental Major
See the complete list of departmental majors under “Degrees Offered” in the College of Arts and Sciences section of
The minimum number of semester hours a student must complete for a departmental major is prescribed by the department, but rarely exceeds 34 hours. The maximum number of hours a student may elect for the major within the total 124 hours for a Bachelor of Arts degree is 40 hours, except in art, music and theatre, where the maximum is 50 hours. For the Bachelor of Science degree, the maximum is 50 hours. For a bachelor of music degree, see the listing under the department of music and dance. For the bachelor of fine arts degree, see the department of art or department of theatre and film.
A student may have two majors from two different departments provided the requirements of both programs are satisfied. Work in the second major may be accepted as fulfilling the related course requirement upon the approval of the Advisers in both departments. A student cannot use courses from the first major to satisfy the second and vice-versa. See section on “Earning a Second Degree” for statement on requirements when two or more desired major programs are offered as different degrees.
2. Interdisciplinary Majors
A student may complete one of the interdisciplinary majors if accepted into that particular program. A student completing a departmental major and a second major in an interdisciplinary or interdepartmental major cannot use courses from the first major to satisfy the second or vice-versa. See the complete list of interdisciplinary majors under “Degrees Offered” in the College of Arts and Sciences section of this catalog.
3. Interdepartmental Major
A student who chooses an interdepartmental major must complete at least 60 hours divided approximately equally among three related departments. These 60 hours are in lieu of the prescribed hours in a departmental major and the 18 hours in related courses (see K below).
The student must have at least a C average in all courses attempted in each of the three departments of the interdepartmental major. In planning a program, the student must consult with the interdepartmental Adviser of the college to select courses in each area that have the approval of the appropriate department Chair.
The three departments selected from the list of departmental majors (found under “Degrees Offered” in the College of Arts and Sciences section of this catalog) are subject to the approval of the Dean and the department Chairs concerned. A student completing a departmental major and second major in an interdisciplinary or interdepartmental major cannot use courses from the first major to satisfy the second or vice-versa.
K. Related Courses
Every student who chooses a departmental major and students in some interdisciplinary majors also must complete a minimum of 18 hours in courses related to the major. These 18 hours must be in addition to courses taken to fulfill the basic requirements listed above. Each department defines the areas from which courses may be chosen by its majors, and these listings are given in the later sections of this catalog under Programs of Study. Related courses must be chosen from courses acceptable for credit in a College of Arts and Sciences major. Generally, these are upper-level courses.
Courses given in other colleges of the University may be credited to the major or to related courses only with the approval of the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences upon recommendation of the department Chair.
Many College of Arts and Sciences departments offer minors. Departmental requirements for particular minors are given in later sections of the catalog under Programs of Study. Students wishing to pursue minors should consult with their primary program Advisers and then with an Adviser in the Arts and Sciences college office. Not all minors can be added to all degree programs. Courses selected for the minor must be chosen from courses acceptable for credit toward a major in that department. In meeting requirements for some majors, work in the minor may be accepted as fulfilling the 18 hours of related courses, but only with the approval of the student’s major Adviser. Students completing a minor cannot use courses from their minor to satisfy requirements in the major. No more than six hours of courses taken for minor credit may be applied to the total College of Arts and Sciences distributive requirements. A minimum GPA of 2.0 is required in the minor. Students must complete a minimum of 21 hours for a minor; at least nine of those hours must be completed at The University of Toledo.
Premedical, Predental and Preveterinary Program
Sharon L. Schnarre, Adviser
Students interested in professional medical, dental or veterinary careers may choose to apply for the premedical, predental and preveterinary programs. Students choosing this option must also complete the requirements for a major in a specific discipline or in an interdisciplinary baccalaureate program.
Because admission to a professional school is very competitive, students need to maintain high GPAs, both cumulative and in the sciences. The premedical/predental Adviser will continually monitor a student’s academic performance and make recommendations as to whether this program should be continued. If at any time a student’s GPA drops below a 3.0, the student will be dropped from the program, unless extenuating circumstances exist, in which case the student will be placed on a probationary status until the grades improve.
The premedical/predental Adviser will assist the student in determining the entrance requirements of the professional school being considered, since these requirements vary among schools. In general, these professional schools specify for entrance a core set of science courses that include one year (two semesters) each of biology, general chemistry, organic chemistry, physics and mathematics. Most schools recommend that candidates plan a broad course of study leading to either a B.A. or a B.S. degree in any discipline.
Honors work in the College of Arts and Sciences is available to academically talented students. The college Honors Program is offered as part of the University Honors Program; departmental honors are offered by individual departments within the college.
Arts and Sciences Honors Program
Student Selection and Admission Criteria
Admission to the Honors Program of the College of Arts and Sciences is competitive and limited to academically talented students. Students entering directly from high school are admitted based on a review of application materials, which include a high school transcript, references, an essay, an extracurricular resume, and ACT or SAT scores. Students with an ACT composite score of 28 or higher (SAT composite of 1240 or higher) and a high school GPA of 3.75 or higher are encouraged to apply. Highly motivated students with an ACT composite of at least 25 (SAT composite of at least 1140) and a minimum high school GPA of 3.5 also are considered for admission to the program.
Currently enrolled University of Toledo students and transfer students may apply for admission to the college Honors Program if they have completed at least 15, but not more than 60, graded semester hours of college work, and earned a minimum GPA of 3.3 (4.0 scale).
Students are admitted to the College Honors program on a space-available basis.
Inorder to graduate with College of Arts and Sciences Honors, a student must:
• Complete all requirements for an approved degree program within
• Complete a minimum of 42 semester hours of honors courses, which
a. Six semester hours of Honors Readings Conference (Readings Conference I and Readings Conference II).
b. A minimum of three semester hours selected from HON 2020 (Multicultural Literatures: The North American Experience) or HON 2030 (Multicultural Literatures: The Non-European World).
c. A minimum of six semester hours earned by successful completion of two upper-division interdisciplinary seminars offered through the Honors program (HON 4950 and 4960).
d. All of the requirements for departmental honors in the student’s major. This includes the completion of an honors thesis or project supervised by a faculty member in the major department. Note: For a student pursuing more than one major or an interdepartmental major, the departmental honors requirement may be fulfilled through meeting requirements for one of the student’s majors or in an interdisciplinary manner through a program of selected upper-division course work.
• Earn a minimum overall GPA of 3.3.
Toremain in good standing in the college Honors Program, a student must:
• Earn a minimum overall GPA of 3.0 by the end of the first year
(typically at least 30 semester hours); 3.1 by the end of the second
year (typically at least 60 semester hours); and 3.2 by the end of the
third year (typically at least 90 semester hours).
• Make satisfactory progress toward fulfillment of the requirements
for a degree with honors in the college.
Honors Courses (HON)
Honors courses are of two kinds – those offered by the university-wide Honors Program and those offered by various departments and colleges. Consult the appropriate portion of this catalog for a listing.
Requirements for departmental honors designations are set by the various College of Arts and Sciences departments and are described under the departmental entries in this catalog. All departments, however, require successful completion of an honors thesis or project supervised by a faculty member in that department.
Itis possible for a student to fulfill all departmental requirements and earn the departmental honors citation upon graduation without participating in the college Honors Program as part of the University Honors Program. The reverse is not possible, however, as the requirements for departmental honors are an integral part of the college Honors Program. Students with two majors may earn departmental honors in one or both areas of study. They also may pursue an interdisciplinary honors Thesis; permission of department or program honors Advisers is required.
Art (B.A. or B.F.A. with concentrations in ceramics, drawing, metals, new media, painting, printmaking and sculpture)
Art history (B.A.)
Biology (B.S. with optional concentrations in ecology and organismal biology and in medical technology)
Chemistry (B.A. with optional biochemistry concentration or B.S.)
English (B.A. with concentrations in general literature, American literature,
writing and creative writing)
Environmental sciences (B.S.)
Environmental studies (B.A.)
Geography and planning (B.A. with optional concentrations in geographic information science and planning)
Geology (B.A. or B.S.)
Mathematics (B.A. or B.S. with concentrations in applied mathematics, mathematics with computer science, pure mathematics and statistics)
Music (B.A., B.M. with concentrations in voice, piano, organ, guitar, string, wind and percussion,
instrumental jazz, vocal jazz and instrumental and vocal jazz with emphasis in music business and recording arts)
Physics (B.S. with concentrations in astrophysics, biomedical physics and applied physics; B.A.)
Political science (B.A. with optional specializations in public administration and legal studies)
Religious Studies (B.A.)
Theatre (B.A. with theatre concentrations in performance, design tech and theatre studies available)
Women’s and gender studies (B.A. with optional concentration in law and social thought)
Africana studies (B.A.)
American studies (B.A.)
Asian studies (B.A.)
European studies (B.A.)
General studies (B.A. or B.S.)
Global Studies (B.A.)
Latin American studies (B.A.)
Law and social thought (B.A. with optional concentrations in disability studies and women’s and gender studies)
Medieval and Renaissance studies (B.A.)
Middle East studies (B.A.)
Paralegal studies and prelaw (2 + 2 B.A.)
Paralegal studies and Spanish (2 + 2 B.A.)
Urban studies (B.A.)
Course work is selected from three related departments. Refer to guidelines later under requirements. The degree may be B.A.
or B.S. depending on
the departments selected.
Interdepartmental (B.S. with optional concentration in geophysics)
Business administration* (multiple minors available)
Computer science and engineering**
Disability studies (interdisciplinary)
English (literature, writing)
Film (film/video, cinema studies)
French (two minors, one in applied)
German (two minors, one in applied)
Latin American studies
Law and social thought
Music (music theory, music history and literature, jazz, instrumental, vocal, keyboard and music business and recording arts)
Theatre (theatre, history and criticism of drama)
Women’s and gender studies
*Particular business minors may require specific course work in economics and/or mathematics from the College of Arts and Sciences as well as courses from the College of Business Administration. A student interested in pursuing a minor in business administration should consult with an Adviser in the College of Business Administration Student Services Office.
**Students interested in pursuing a minor in computer science and engineering should consult with an Adviser in the department of electrical engineering and computer science in the College of Engineering.