Center for Education in Targeted Violence and Suicide


Contact Us

Gillham Hall Room 5000

Dr. Lisa Pescara-Kovach
2801 W. Bancroft St.
Mail Stop 921
Toledo OH 43606
Phone:  419.530.2048
Fax:      419.530.8447

Targeted Violence Resources

What is Behavioral Threat Assessment and Why is it Important? - DR. lISA, pESCARA-kOVACH

Behavioral threat assessment is NOT profiling. Rather, it is best practice through applying what we know from research conducted by the FBI, Secret Service, USDOE, and other experts in effort to prevent incidents of targeted violence. Many school shooters possess similar social, school, family, and personality dynamics while workplace shooters possess some of the same traits in addition to a different set of precipitating factors. Relevant questions take all four areas into account. We cannot prevent every mass shooting through threat assessment, but we have to start here. Key questions examine the individual’s goals; possible target(s); talk/posting about shooting others; interest in previous shooters; fantasizing, planning, or preparing; hopelessness and, of course, bullying and alienation.

In a threat assessment plan I created for the Oregon City School District in Oregon, OH, there is one counselor and one school resource officer in each building assigned to assist the concerned student, teacher, or staff member in completing the questionnaire. Information is then brought to a committee, which consists of counselors, SROs, an outside mental health representative, a principal, and other key individuals. Together, they assess the information and determine if there is no threat, or a low, medium, high, or imminent threat. Too often we work in ‘silos’ in fear of FERPA or HIPAA. However, Sandy Hook was a game changer. In January 2013, the Department of Health and Human Services released a statement regarding HIPAA. Specifically, mental health providers were encouraged to share information about an individual’s mental health if they feels the individual poses a serious threat to the health or safety of others.


Prevention and Intervention

Behavioral Threat Assessment– K through 12, college/university, workplace

Lisa Pescara-Kovach, Ph.D.
Director, Center for Education in Targeted Violence and Suicide


Active Response

Implementing ALICE (Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate) in K-12 Schools

Sara Shaw
School Resource Officer/Police Officer City of Oregon Police Department  

Implementing ALICE in College/University Settings

Rodney Theis
Deputy Chief of Police, The University of Toledo

Terrorist/Criminal Attack Survival Skills AND Partnering Rural Law Enforcement, School Systems, and First Responders in Crisis Management

Mike Webber
AWR 148 Crisis Management for School Based Incidents through FEMA


Addressing Post-traumatic Stress, Depression, and Suicide in Law Enforcement

Rick Neeley

Preparing School Districts and Workplaces to Address the Mental Health Needs of Survivors of Targeted Violence

Lisa Pescara-Kovach, Ph.D.
Director, Center for Education in Targeted Violence and Suicide

Last Updated: 2/13/19