College of Law



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Law Academic Affairs Office

Office Address:

Law Center
1825 W. Rocket Dr., Ste. 2000
Mailing Address:
2801 W. Bancroft, MS 507
Toledo, OH 43606


Faculty Publications

Our small faculty is doing big things in legal scholarship. Consider these numbers:

  • Three of Toledo Law’s faculty members are elected members of The American Law Institute. Two are American Bar Foundation Fellows.
  • Toledo Law’s faculty recently ranked 90 of 176 law schools, as measured by publication in top law journals, in the 2013 Roger Williams University School of Law study on faculty productivity (applying methodology developed by Professor Brian Leiter of The University of Chicago). Toledo Law is one of only four of Ohio's nine law schools to be ranked in the top 90.
  • In 2012 and 2013, articles and books by Toledo Law professors have been cited in six briefs submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court, opinions of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth and Tenth Circuits and U.S. District Courts in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Virginia, and numerous law reviews, including the California Law Review, Columbia Law Review, Cornell Law Review, Emory Law Journal, George Washington Law Review, Georgetown Law Journal, Michigan Law Review, Northwestern University Law Review, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Stanford Law Review, Texas Law Review, and Yale Law Journal,  to mention just a few.

A list of faculty scholarship is below. You can also learn more about our faculty’s expertise by visiting a professor’s individual profile or our Newsroom.


Forthcoming 2015

Shelley Cavalieri, Grounding Land Reform, 89 St. John’s L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2015).


Shelley Cavalieri, Capabilities Approach, in The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies (Nancy A. Naples, et al., eds.) (forthcoming 2014).

William M. Richman, Jurisdiction in Civil Actions: Territorial Basis and Process Limitations on Jurisdiction of State and Federal Courts (4th ed. forthcoming 2014). (with Robert C. Casad & Stanley Cox).


Kara Bruce, The Debtor Class, 88 Tul. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Shelley Cavalieri, Medicaid Access for Disabled Military Dependents: Legal and Regulatory Analysis, Report to the Department of Defense (2013).

Benjamin G. Davis, The 9/11 Military Commission Motion Hearings: An Ordinary Citizen Looks at Comparative Legitimacy, Southern Illinois University Law Review (Forthcoming 2013)

Benjamin G. Davis, State Criminal Prosecution of a Former United States President in United States Domestic State Courts: A Thought-Experiment on Limits to the United States President’s Constitutional Powers Regarding Armed Conflict   Liber Amicorum Augusto Sinagra (Forthcoming 2013), Full Professor of European Union Law at "Sapienza" University of Rome, available at SSRN:

Eric C. Chaffee, Global Perspectives on International Securities Regulation (with Frank Gevurtz & Mark Steinberg) (forthcoming 2013).

Eric C. Chaffee, The Role of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and Other Transnational Anti-Corruption Laws in Preventing or Lessening Future Financial Crisis, 73 Ohio St. L.J.  (forthcoming 2013).

Eric C. Chaffee, The Role of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and Other Transnational Anti-Corruption Laws in Preventing or Lessening Future Financial Crisis, 73 Ohio St. L.J.  (forthcoming 2013).

Llewellyn J. Gibbons, Mastering Trademark and Unfair Competition Law (forthcoming 2013).

Llewellyn J. Gibbons, Patent Infringementin 2 Encyclopedia of White-Collar and Corporate Crime 599 (Lawrence M. Salinger ed., 2d ed. 2013).

Llewellyn J. Gibbons, Regulatory Approaches: Crisis, Danger or Opportunity for Copyright and Trademark Law in the United States, in Perspectives on American Law (Beijing: Peking Univ. Press, forthcoming 2013).

Bruce M. Kennedy, Eminent Domain: A Two Edged Sword of Property Lawin A Reader in American Law for Chinese Law Students and Lawyers (Beijing: Peking Univ. Press, 2013).

Bruce M. Kennedy, A Brief Introduction to U.S. Legal Research Materials, in A Reader in American Law for Chinese Law Students and Lawyers (Beijing: Peking Univ. Press, 2013).

Gregory M. Gilchrist, Trial Bargaining, Iowa L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Gregory M. Gilchrist, The Special Problem of Banks and Crime, 85 U. Colorado  L. R. ____ (forthcoming 2013).

Gregory M. Gilchrist, Condemnation Without Basis: An Expressive Problem with Corporate Prosecutions, 64 Hastings L. J.  1121 (2013).

Bryan Lammon, Rules, Standards, and Experimentation in Appellate Jurisdiction, 74 Ohio St. L.J.  (forthcoming 2013).

Jessica Knouse, Reconciling Liberty and Equality in the Debate over Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, 2013 Utah L. Rev. 107 (2013).

Kelly A. Moore, The Curious Case of Dr. Jekyll and the Estate Tax Marital Deduction: Should Prenuptial Agreements Alter the Relationship? N. Ill. U. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Nicole B. Porter, Mutual Marginalization: Individuals with Disabiltiies and Workers with Caregiving Responsibilities, 65 Fla. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Nicole B. Porter, Women, Unions, Negotiation, 13 Nev. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Nicole B. Porter, Martinizing Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 47 Ga. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Geoffrey Rapp, Careers in Sports Law (ABA, forthcoming 2013).

Geoffrey Rapp, Mutiny by the Bounties?  The Attempt to Reform Wall Street by the New Whistleblower Provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act, 2012 BYU L. Rev. 73, reprinted in Securities Law Review (forthcoming 2013).

Geoffrey Rapp, Intelligence Design: An Analysis of the SEC’s New Office of Market Intelligence, 81 U. Cin. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Geoffrey Rapp, Re-wiring the DNA of Securities Fraud Litigation: Let’s Start with Amgen, 44 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Geoffrey Rapp, Four Signal Moments in Whistleblower Law: 1983-2013, 30 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Geoffrey Rapp, Suicide, Concussions, and the NFL, 8 FIU L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Geoffrey Rapp, Reichle v. Howards: Supreme Court Rules that Legal Uncertainty Favors Application of Qualified Immunity in First Amendment Retaliatory Arrest Claim, Lexis-Nexis Emerging Issues Analysis (forthcoming 2013).

William M. Richman, Understanding Conflict of Laws (Lexis 4th ed.) (forthcoming in 2013) (1st ed. 1984) (with William L. Reynolds and Matthias Reimann).

William M. Richman, Injustice on Appeal (Oxford University Press) (2013) (with William L. Reynolds).

Joseph E. Slater, The Strangely Unsettled State of Public-Sector Labor Law in the Past Thirty Years, 30 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Joseph E. Slater, Are Public-Sector Employees ‘Overpaid’ Relative to Private-Sector Employees? An Overview of the Studies, 52 Washburn L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Joseph E. Slater, Attacks on Public-Sector Bargaining as Attacks on Employee Voice: A (Partial) Defense of the Wagner Act Model, 50 Osgoode Hall L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Joseph E. Slater, Teaching Private-Sector Labor Law and Public Sector Labor Law Together, 57 St. Louis U. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Joseph E. Slater, Public Sector Bargaining Impasse Dispute Procedures as ADR: From 1919 to the Present, 28 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol. (forthcoming 2013).

William M. Richman, Understanding Conflict of Laws (Lexis 4th ed.) (forthcoming in 2013) (1st ed. 1984) (with William L. Reynolds and Matthias Reimann).

Joseph E. Slater, Modern Labor Law in the Private and Public Sectors: Cases and Materials (LEXIS Publishing, 2013).

Rebecca E. Zietlow, Rights of Belonging for Women, 1 Ind. J.L. & Soc. Equality (forthcoming 2013).

Lee J. Strang, Ethics and Philosophy, in New Catholic Encyclopedia: Supplement 2012-13 (Robert L. Fastiggi et al., eds., 2013).


Kara Bruce, Rehabilitating Bankruptcy Reform, 13 Nev. L.J. 174 (2012).

Benjamin G. Davis, State Criminal Prosecution of a Former President:  Accountability through Complementarity Under American Federalism, 24 F.J.I.L.331 (2012).

Benjamin G. Davis, Obama and Libya, 7 F. A& M L. Rev 1 (2011) (published 2012).

Benjamin G. Davis, What War Does To Law, in THE MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX AT  50  138 (D. Swanson, ed.) (2012).

Eric C. Chaffee, Regulating On-line Peer-to-Peer Lending in the Aftermath of Dodd-Frank:  In Search of an Evolving Regulatory Regime for an Evolving Industry, 69 Wash. & Lee L. Rev.485 (2012) (with Geoffrey C. Rapp).

Llewellyn J. Gibbons, Crowdsourcing a Trademark: What the Public Giveth, the Courts May Taketh Away, 35 Hastings Comm. & Ent. L.J. 35 (2012).

Llewellyn J. Gibbons, Love’s Labor’s Lost: Marry for Love, Copyright Work Made-for-Hire, and Alienate at Your Leisure, 101 Ky. L.J. 113 (2012).

Jelani Jefferson Exum, The Influence of Past Racism on Present Criminal Injustice: A Review of The New Jim Crow and The Condemnation of Blackness, 52 Am. Stud. J., Spring 2012, at 143 (book review).

Gregory M. Gilchrist, The Expressive Cost of Corporate Immunity, 64 Hastings L.J. 1 (2012).

Kenneth Kilbert, Legal Tools for Reducing Harmful Algal Blooms in Lake Erie, 44 U. Tol. L. Rev. 69 (2012).

Kenneth Kilbert, Good-Bye to Joint and Several Liability in Private CERCLA Actions, ABA Envt’l Litig. Sec. Newsl. (Summer 2012).

Jessica Knouse, Book Review: Intersexuality and the Law: Why Sex Matters, by Julie Greenberg, 46 Law& Soc’y Rev. 929 (2012).

Jessica Knouse, Civil Marriage: Threat to Democracy, 18 Mich. J. Gender & L. 361 (2012).

Susan R. Martyn, Traversing the Ethical Minefield: Problems, Law and Professional Responsibility [Casebook with Lawrence J. Fox] (3d ed. 2012).

Susan R. Martyn, Brief of Legal Ethics Professors and Practitioners and the Ethics Bureau at Yale as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner, Maples v. Thomas,132 S. Ct. 912 (2012) (No. 10-63).

Elizabeth Y. McCuskey, Structuring Jurisdictional Rules and Standards, 65 Vand. L. Rev. En Banc 31 (2012).

Elizabeth Y. McCuskey, Clarity & Clarification:  Grable Federal Questions in the Eyes of Their Beholders, 91 Neb. L. Rev. 387 (2012).

Geoffrey Rapp, Fisher v. University of Texas: Supreme Court to Revisit Racial Preferences in Higher Education Admissions, Lexis-Nexis, 2012 Emerging Issues 6844.

Geoffrey Rapp, States of Pay: Emerging Trends in State Whistleblower Bounty Schemes, 54 S. Tex. L. Rev. 53 (2012).

Geoffrey Rapp, Field of Broken Dreams: The Quest for Rule-of-Law in Sports Litigation, Reviewing Roger I. Abrams, Sports Justice, 13 Tex. Rev. Ent. & Sports L. 103 (2012).

Geoffrey Rapp, The Brain of the College Athlete, 8 DePaul J. Sports L. Contemp. Probs. 151 (2012).

Geoffrey Rapp, Regulating OnLine Peer-to-Peer Lending in the Aftermath of Dodd-Frank:  In Search of an Evolving Regulatory Regime for an Evolving Industry, 69 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 485 (2012).

Joseph E. Slater, The Rise and Fall of SB-5: The Rejection of an Anti-Union Law in Historical and Political Context, 43 U. Tol. L. Rev. 473 (2012).

Joseph E. Slater, Public-Sector Labor in the Age of Obama, 87 Ind. L.J. 189 (2012).

Rebecca E. Zietlow, James Ashley’s Thirteenth Amendment, 112 Colum. L. Rev. 1697 (2012).

Rebecca E. Zietlow, The Ideological Origins of the Thirteenth Amendment, 49 Hous. L. Rev. 393 (2012).

Rebecca E. Zietlow, Popular Originalism? The Tea Party and Constitutional Theory, 64 Fla. L. Rev. 483 (2012).

Lee J. Strang, Originalism and the Aristotelian Tradition: Virtue’s Home in Originalism, 80 Fordham L. Rev. 1997 (2012).

Lee J. Strang, Why Originalism Needs the VirtuesLibrary of Law and Libertyat (2012).


Shelley Cavalieri, Between Victim and Agent: A Third-Way Feminist Account of Trafficking for Sex Work, 86 Ind. L.J. 1409 (2011).

Shelley Cavalieri, The Eyes that Blind Us: The Overlooked Phenomenon of Trafficking into the Agricultural Sector, 31 N. Ill. U. L. Rev. 501 (2011).

Eric C. Chaffee, The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act:  A Failed Vision for Increasing Consumer Protection and Heightening Corporate Responsibility in International Financial Transactions, 60 American U. L. Rev. 1431 (2011).

Eric C. Chaffee, Contemplating the Endgame:  An Evolutionary Model for the Harmonization and Centralization of International Securities Regulation, 79 U. Cincinnati L. Rev. 587 (2011).

Eric C. Chaffee, From Law Practice to the Legal Academy:  How to Make the Leap, The Young Lawyer, Dec. 2011-Jan 2012, at 4.

Llewellyn J. Gibbons, Do as I Say (Not as I Did): Putative Intellectual Property Lessons for Emerging Economies from the Not So Long Past of the Developed Nations, 64 SMU L. Rev. 923 (2011).

Jelani Jefferson Exum, What’s Happening with Child Pornography Sentencing?: Editor’s Observations, 24 Fed. Sent’g Rep. 85 (2011).

Jelani Jefferson Exum, Sentencing, Drugs, and Prisons: A Lesson from Ohio, 42 U. Tol. L. Rev. 881 (2011).

Jelani Jefferson Exum, Reassessing Concurrent Tribal-State-Federal Criminal Jurisdiction in Kansas, 59 Kan. L. Rev. 949 (2011). 

Jelani Jefferson Exum, Communicating Substance: Advice for the U.S. Sentencing Commissioners, 23 Fed. Sent’g Rep. 261 (2011).

Gregory M. Gilchrist, Plea Bargains, Convictions and Legitimacy, 48 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 143 (2011).

Kenneth Kilbert, Neither Joint Nor Several: Orphan Shares and Private CERCLA Actions, 41 Envt’l L. 1045 (2011).

Kelly A. Moore, Home Run Balls and Taxation, a New Stance:  How a H.R. Can Be I.R.D, Est. Plan. & Cmty. Prop. L.J. (forthcoming 2011).

Kelly A. Moore, Will the Applicable Exclusion Amount Tame Section 2057, Again?, Est. Plan. & Cmty. Prop. L.J. (forthcoming 2011).

Nicole B. Porter, Embracing Caregiving and Respecting Choice: An Essay on the Debate over Changing Gender Norms, 41 Sw. L. Rev. 1 (2011).

Nicole B. Porter, Debunking the Market Myth in Pay Discrimination Cases, 12 Geo. J. Gender & L. 159 (2011).

Nicole B. Porter, Relieving (Most of) the Tension: A Review Essay of Samuel R. Bagenstos, Law & the Contradictions of the Disability Rights Movement, 20 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 761 (2011).

Joseph E. Slater, Employee Voice: Lessons from the Public Sector, 94 Marq. L. Rev.917 (2011).

Joseph E. Slater, The Assault on Public Sector Collective Bargaining: Real Harms and Imaginary Benefits, Am. Const. Soc’y for Law & Pol’y (Issue Brief, June 2011), reprinted in 5 Advance (J. Am. Constitution Soc’y Issue Groups) 57 (2011).

Joseph E. Slater, Public Sector Labor in the Age of Obama, --- Ind. L. Rev.--- (forthcoming 2011).

Joseph E. Slater, Originalism as Popular Constitutionalism?: Theoretical Possibilities and Practical Differences, 87 Notre Dame L. Rev. 253 (2011).

Lee J. Strang, The Road Not Taken: Catholic Legal Education at the Middle of the Twentieth Century, 51 Am. J. Legal Hist. 553 (2011) (peer reviewed) (with John M. Breen).

Lee J. Strang, The Most Faithful Originalist?: Justice Thomas, Justice Scalia, and the Future of Originalism, 88 U. Det. Mercy L. Rev. 873 (2011) (invited symposium essay).

Lee J. Strang, Cases and Materials on Federal Constitutional Law: Federalism Limits on State and Federal Power, (LexisNexis 2011) (Volume 4 in the Modular Casebook Series).

Evan C. Zoldan, The Permanent Seat of Government: An Unintended Consequence of Heightened Scrutiny Under the Contract Clause, 14 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol’y 163 (2011).

Lee J. Strang, The Challenge of Originalism: Theories of Constitutional Interpretation (Grant Huscroft & Bradley W. Miller, eds.). New York, Cambridge University Press. 2011. Pp. ix + 305. $99.00 (Hardback), 29 Const. Comm. 111 (2013) (book review).

Lee J. Strang, Mark Strasser, Religion, Education and the State: An Unprincipled Doctrine in Search of Moorings (Ashgate 2011), 55 J. of Church and State 353 (2013) (book review).

Lee J. Strang, Richard Thompson Ford, Rights Gone Wrong: How Law Corrupts the Struggle for Equality (Farrar, Straus and Giroux 2011), Library of Law and Libertyat (2012) (book review).

Rebecca E. Zietlow, The Political Thirteenth Amendment, 71 Md. L. Rev. 283 (2011).

Rebecca E. Zietlow, Democratic Constitutionalism and the Affordable Care Act, 72 Ohio St. L.J. 1367 (2011).

Rebecca E. Zietlow, Progressive Popular Constitutionalism and the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, --- Oh. St. L. Rev. --- (forthcoming 2011).

Additional Publications by Year


Last Updated: 4/13/15