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Office Address:

Law Center
1825 W. Rocket Dr., Ste. 2000
Mailing Address:
2801 W. Bancroft, MS 507
Toledo, OH 43606


Faculty Publications

Our small faculty is doing big things in legal scholarship. Consider these numbers:

  • Three of Toledo Law’s faculty members are elected members of The American Law Institute. Two are American Bar Foundation Fellows.
  • Toledo Law’s faculty recently ranked 90 of 176 law schools, as measured by publication in top law journals, in the 2013 Roger Williams University School of Law study on faculty productivity (applying methodology developed by Professor Brian Leiter of The University of Chicago). Toledo Law is one of only four of Ohio's nine law schools to be ranked in the top 90.
  • In 2012 and 2013, articles and books by Toledo Law professors have been cited in six briefs submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court, opinions of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth and Tenth Circuits and U.S. District Courts in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Virginia, and numerous law reviews, including the California Law Review, Columbia Law Review, Cornell Law Review, Emory Law Journal, George Washington Law Review, Georgetown Law Journal, Michigan Law Review, Northwestern University Law Review, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Stanford Law Review, Texas Law Review, and Yale Law Journal,  to mention just a few.

A list of faculty scholarship is below. You can also learn more about our faculty’s expertise by visiting a professor’s individual profile or our Newsroom.


Terrell A. Allen

Articles and Book Chapters

Note, The Treatment of Mandatory Tax Withholdings in Calculating AFDC Benefits: Fairness as a Relevant Inference in Ascertaining Congressional Intent, “ 82   Mich. L. Rev. 1739 (1984).

Ten Years After:  A Report on the Status of the Residual Exceptions to the Hearsay Rule, 20 International Society of Barristers Quarterly 336 (July 1985).


John A. Barrett, Jr.


International Sales Agreements: An Annotated Drafting and Negotiating Guide (co-authored) (Kluwer 1998)

Articles and Book Chapters

Chapter 2, International Practitioner’s Deskbook Series: Joint Ventures in the International Arena, 2nd ed.

International Business Organisations (Distance Learning Program Published/Offered by the International Bar Association) (co-authored) (2002)

The Global Environment and Free Trade: A Vexing Problem and a Taxing Solution, 76 Indiana Law Journal 829 (2001)

The U.S. Approach to Resolving the Tension Between Environmental Liabilities and Bankruptcy Debt Forgiveness, Environmental Issues in Insolvency Proceedings (book chapter) (Kluwer 1998)

International Legal Education in the United States: Being Educated for Domestic Practice While Living in a Global Society, 12 American Univ. J. Intl. Law and P olicy No. 6, at 975 (Fall 1997)

The Status of International Legal Education in U.S. Law Schools: Plenty of Offerings but Too Few Students, 31 The International Lawyer No. 3 at 845 (Fall 1997)

Review of John E. Conklin’s Art Crime, 81 N. W. J. Crim. L. & Criminology 101 (Fall 1996)

Cross Border Aspects of Mexican Insolvency Law, Norton's Annual Survey of Bankruptcy Law 1995-96 Edition (co-authored)(book chapter)

Mexican Insolvency Law, VII Pace International Law Review, 431 (Spring 1995)

Mexican Insolvency Law, partially excerpted in Ralph H. Folsom et al, International Business Transactions: A Reader, 570 (1997)

International Legal Developments in Review: 1998—International Legal Education, 33 The International Lawyer 2, 587 (Summer 1999).

“Review of Pierre Marc Johnson and Andre Beaulieu’s The Environment and NAFTA: Understanding and Implementing the New Continental Law,” 2 The Toledo Journal of Great Lakes’ Law, Science and Policy 1998, 301 (Fall 1998)(book review).

International Legal Education in the US, 5 International Bar Association Academics’ Forum 3 (August 1997).

Environmental Liabilities and Responsibilities in Insolvencies and Reorganisations: The U.S. Approach (Collected papers of the International Bar Association’s 1996 Annual Convention).

The Role of Custom and Usage in International Sales (Collected papers of the International Bar Association’s 1996 Annual Convention).

Creditor's Rights, Foreign Claims, and Common Problems in Insolvency Proceedings in Mexico, 4 Latin American Law and Business Report 21 (April 30, 1996).

Bankruptcy Procedure in Mexico Filing Administration Duties of the Trustee, 3 Latin American Law and Business Report 24 (Dec. 31, 1995).

The Insolvency Process in Mexico, 3 Latin American Law and Business R. 27 (Nov. 30, 1995).

The Effect of NAFTA on the Energy Industry of Third Party Countries, Oil and Gas Law and Taxation Review, (August, 1994).

Mexican Insolvency Law, Intl Company and Commercial Law Review (November, 1994).

Structuring Joint Ventures Between Companies in the United States and Mexico, Emerging U.S. Mexico Trade Issues After NAFTA, St. Bar of Tex. Prof. Development Program, March 11, 1994.

Considerations in Resolving Disputes Between Companies in the United States, Mexico and Canada: A U.S. Perspective, American Bar Association, Section of International Law and Practice, 1994 Fall/Winter Section Meeting Publication.

Editor of and contributor to International Bar Association Newsletter on International Sales- submissions on recent case law developments under the Convention for the International sale of Goods (2005& 2006).


Kara Bruce

Articles and Book Chapters

The Debtor Class, 88 Tul. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Rehabilitating Bankruptcy Reform, 13 Nev. L.J. 174 (2012).

The Creditor That is Always There – The Insurance Company, 17 Norton Journal of Bankruptcy Law and Practice (2008).


Shelley Cavalieri

Articles and Book Chapters

Grounding Land Reform, 89 St. John’s L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2015). 

Capabilities Approach, in The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies (Nancy A. Naples, et al., eds.) (forthcoming 2014).

Medicaid Access for Disabled Military Dependents: Legal and Regulatory Analysis, Report to the Department of Defense (2013).  

Between Victim and Agent: A Third-Way Feminist Account of Trafficking for Sex Work, 86 Ind. L.J. 1409 (2011).

The Eyes that Blind Us: The Overlooked Phenomenon of Trafficking into the Agricultural Sector, 31 N. Ill. U. L. Rev. 501 (2011).


Eric C. Chaffee

Articles and Book Chapters

Global Perspectives on International Securities Regulation (with Frank Gevurtz & Mark Steinberg) (forthcoming 2013).

The Role of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and Other Transnational Anti-Corruption Laws in Preventing or Lessening Future Financial Crisis, 73 Ohio St. L.J.  (forthcoming 2013).

Regulating On-line Peer-to-Peer Lending in the Aftermath of Dodd-Frank:  In Search of an Evolving Regulatory Regime for an Evolving Industry, 69 Wash. & Lee L. Rev.485 (2012) (with Geoffrey C. Rapp).

The Role of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and Other Transnational Anti-Corruption Laws in Preventing or Lessening Future Financial Crisis, 73 Ohio St. L.J.  (forthcoming 2013).

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act:  A Failed Vision for Increasing Consumer Protection and Heightening Corporate Responsibility in International Financial Transactions, 60 American U. L. Rev. 1431 (2011).

Contemplating the Endgame:  An Evolutionary Model for the Harmonization and Centralization of International Securities Regulation, 79 U. Cincinnati L. Rev. 587 (2011).

From Law Practice to the Legal Academy:  How to Make the Leap, The Young Lawyer, Dec. 2011-Jan 2012, at 4.


Benjamin G. Davis

Articles and Book Chapters

The 9/11 Military Commission Motion Hearings: An Ordinary Citizen Looks at Comparative Legitimacy, Southern Illinois University Law Review (Forthcoming 2013)

State Criminal Prosecution of a Former United States President in United States Domestic State Courts: A Thought-Experiment on Limits to the United States President’s Constitutional Powers Regarding Armed Conflict   Liber Amicorum Augusto Sinagra (Forthcoming 2013), Full Professor of European Union Law at "Sapienza" University of Rome, available at SSRN:

State Criminal Prosecution of a Former President:  Accountability through Complementarity Under American Federalism, 24 F.J.I.L.331 (2012)

Obama and Libya, 7 F. A& M L. Rev 1 (2011) (published 2012)

What War Does To Law, in THE MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX AT  50  138 (D. Swanson, ed.) (2012)

When Harry Met Martin: Imagination, Imagery, and the Color Line, THE LAW AND HARRY POTTER  179 (J. Thomas and F. Snyder eds.) (2010)

Online Influence Space(s) and Digital Influence Waves: In Honor of Charly, 25 Ohio St. J. Disp. Resol. 201 (2010).

Introduction, Symposium:  Commemorating 1808:  Fighting for the Right to Dream, 40 U. Toledo L. Rev. 577 (2009)

No Third Class Processes for Foreigners, 103 Northwestern U. L. Rev. Colloquy 88 (2008).

Refluat Stercus: A Citizen’s View of Criminal Prosecution in U.S. domestic courts of High-Level U.S. Civilian Authority and Military Generals for Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment, 23 St. John’s J. Legal Commentary 503 (2008)

A Citizen Observer’s View of the U.S. Approach to the War on Terrorism, 17 Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems 465 (2008)

Walking Along in the Mission, Introduction, Symposium on Enhancing Worldwide Understanding Through Online Dispute Resolution, 38 U. Toledo L. Rev. 1 (2006)

Keeping Our Honor Clean: A Response to Professor Yoo, 4 Chinese J. International L. 745 (Oxford Univ. Press, 2005)
International Commercial Online and Offline Dispute Resolution: Addressing Primacism and Universalism, 4 Journal American Arbitration 79 (2005)

The Color Line in International Commercial Arbitration: An American Perspective, 14 Am. Rev. Int’L L. 461 ( Columbia University) (2004)

Alan Gaitenby, ICODR 2004: Enhancing Understanding, Asian Dispute Review in two parts (August 2004 and November 2004)

International Competitions for Online Dispute Resolution: The Shape of Things to Come, in Using Technology to Resolve Business Disputes, 2004 Special Supplement Bulletin of the International Chamber of Commerce International Court of Arbitration; Competitions internationales pour le reglement des litiges par Internet: pistes de reflexion pour l’avenir, in La technologie au service du reglement des differends commerciaux, 2004 Supplement special – Bulletin de la Cour internationale d’arbitrage de la CCI (September 2004 in French and English)

Disciplining ODR Prototypes: True Trust through True Independence, Essays on legal en (sic) technical aspects of Online Dispute Resolution, CEDIRE – Centre for Electronic Dispute Resolution, Amsterdam, May 2004 reprinted in Hal Abramson, Jacqueline Nolan-Haley, International Conflict Resolution-Consensual  ADR Processes, (West Group 2005).

ICODR 2003: Helping Humanity Progress, 20 (6) J. Int’l Arb.589-597, 2003

(Book Review) A Pioneer Looks at Online Dispute Resolution, reviewing C. Rule, Online Dispute Resolution for Business, American Bar Association Dispute Resolution Journal (2003)

Revised Handbook on Preparing the Contract, Modular Learning System, International Trade Centre of UNCTAD and the WTO, Geneva, Switzerland (2003)

Une Magouille Planetaire: The UDRP is an International Scam, An Independent Assessment of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, 72 Miss. L. J. 815 (2002)

Chapter on Online Dispute Resolution, Handbook on Alternative Dispute Resolution, State Bar of Texas, Dispute Resolution Section

“Number One in the World,” Wesleyan Lawyer, Winter 2002

(Assistant Reporter), Addressing Disputes In Electronic Commerce: Final Recommendations and Report, American Bar Association Task Force on Electronic Commerce and Alternative Dispute Resolution 58 Bus. Law. 415 (2002)

Building the Seamless Dispute Resolution Web: A Status Report on the American Bar Association Task Force on Electronic Commerce and Alternative Dispute Resolution, 8 Tex. Wesleyan L. Rev. 529 (2002)

The First International Competition for Online Dispute Resolution: Is this big, different, and new?, 19 J. Int’l Arb. 379 (August 2002)

Benjamin G. Davis, Building the Seamless Dispute Resolution Web, Wesleyan Lawyer (Spring 2001)

The New New Thing: Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, 3 J.W.I.P. 525 (2000) (Updated version)

The New New Thing: Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, 17 J. Int’l Arb. 116 (June 2000)

Improving International Arbitration, The Need for Speed and Trust, Liber Amicorum Michel Gaudet (Benjamin G. Davis ed., 1998)

Michael Moser et al., Dispute Resolution in China, Business Law in China 417 (Daniel A. Lapres et eds. 1997)

The ICC International Court of Arbitration in Asia, in Building the New Asia (32 nd World Congress of ICC) 298 (ICC Publications ed., 1997)

Bachir Affaki et als., International Fast-Track Commercial Arbitration, Compar. L. Y.B. Int’l Bus. 357 (1995)

Shipping and Maritime Dispute Resolution at the International Chamber of Commerce, BIMCO Rev. (1993-1994) [with Raphael Jakoba]

When Doctrines Meet: Fast-Track Arbitration and the ICC Experience, 10 J. Int’l Arb. 69 (Dec. 1993)

Laying Down a Gauntlet: The 36 hour Chairman, in Festschrift for Professor Hans Smit, 3 Am. Rev. Int’l Arb. 170 (1992)

Fast-Track Arbitration and Fast-Tracking Your Arbitration, 9. J. Int’l Arb. 43 (Dec. 1992)

The Case Viewed by a Counsel at the ICC Court’s Secretariat, in Fast-Track Arbitration: Different Perspectives, Special Section, 3 ICC Int’l Ct. Arb. Bull. 4 (Nov. 1992)

Recent Fast-Track Arbitrations Resolve Cases in Shorter Time, 3 World Arb. and Med. Rep 141 (1992) (With Irene Ezratty)

The ICC Pre-Arbitral Referee Procedure in Context with Technical Expertise, Conciliation and Arbitration, 9 Int’l. Construct. L. Rev. 218 (1992)

An ICC Counsel’s Perspective, in Special Section: Fast-Track Arbitration, 2 Am. Rev. Int’l Arb. 159 (1991)

Pathological Clauses: Frederic Eisemann’s Still Vital Criteria, 7 Arb. Int’l 365 (1991)

An ICC Counsel’s Perspective, in Special Section: Fast-Track Arbitration, 2 Am. Rev. Int’l Arb. 159 (1991)

Recent Development, International Adjudication: interpretation of WHO-Egypt agreement – advisory opinion on the interpretation of the Agreement of 25 March 1951 between the WHO and Egypt (1980) I.C. J. 73 (World Health Organization), 22 Harv. Int’l L. J. 429 (Spr. 1981)


Jelani Jefferson Exum

Articles and Book Chapters

The Influence of Past Racism on Present Criminal Injustice: A Review of The New Jim Crow and The Condemnation of Blackness, 52 Am. Stud. J., Spring 2012, at 143 (book review).

What’s Happening with Child Pornography Sentencing?: Editor’s Observations, 24 Fed. Sent’g Rep. 85 (2011).

Sentencing, Drugs, and Prisons: A Lesson from Ohio, 42 U. Tol. L. Rev. 881 (2011).

Reassessing Concurrent Tribal-State-Federal Criminal Jurisdiction in Kansas, 59 Kan. L. Rev. 949 (2011). 

Communicating Substance: Advice for the U.S. Sentencing Commissioners, 23 Fed. Sent’g Rep. 261 (2011).


Maara Fink

Articles and Book Chapters

Editor, Best Practice Manuals for Court-Connected Juvenile, Domestic Relations Civil Mediation Programs, (Supreme Court of Ohio, 2005)

Mediation Institutionalization Project, Supreme Court of Ohio, January 2001.

Co-authored by Dr. Richard Boettcher, Ohio State University College of Social Work

Court Mediation Services: a Pathway to Building Public Confidence Ohio Judicial Conference: For the Record, Fourth Quarter, 2001


Llewellyn J. Gibbons

Articles and Book Chapters

Mastering Trademark and Unfair Competition Law (forthcoming 2013).

Patent Infringement, in 2 Encyclopedia of White-Collar and Corporate Crime 599 (Lawrence M. Salinger ed., 2d ed. 2013).

Regulatory Approaches: Crisis, Danger or Opportunity for Copyright and Trademark Law in the United States, in Perspectives on American Law (Beijing: Peking Univ. Press, forthcoming 2013).

Crowdsourcing a Trademark: What the Public Giveth, the Courts May Taketh Away, 35 Hastings Comm. & Ent. L.J. 35 (2012).

Love’s Labor’s Lost: Marry for Love, Copyright Work Made-for-Hire, and Alienate at Your Leisure, 101 Ky. L.J. 113 (2012).

Do as I Say (Not as I Did): Putative Intellectual Property Lessons for Emerging Economies from the Not So Long Past of the Developed Nations, 64 SMU L. Rev. 923 (2011).

Technology Transfer: Enough is Never Enough, 48 U. LouisvilleL. Rev.  843 (2010) (originally presented at a symposium).

Visual Artist Rights Act and the Protection of Digital Works of “Photographic” Art?, 11 N.C. J. of L. & Tech. 531 (2010) (originally presented at a symposium).

Law and the Emotive Avatar, 11 Vand. J. Ent. & Tech. L. 899 (2009) (originally presented at a symposium).

Striking the “Rights” Balance Among Private Incentives and Public Fair Uses in the United States and  China, 7 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 488 (2008), co-author Xiaoli Wang.

Essay: China's Future Lawyers: Some Differences in Education and Outlook, 7 Asper Rev. Int'l Bus. & Trade L. 293 (2007).

Trademarking the Immoral and Scandalous:  Section 2(a) of the Lanham Act (book chapter, Intellectual Property Wealth:  Issues and Practices in a Digital Age (Peter Yu, ed., Praeger 2007).

Semiotics of the Scandalous and the Immoral: Trademark Law Post Lawrence v. Texas, 2 Marquette I.P. L.J. 187 (2005).

Digital Bowdlerizing: Removing the Naughty Bytes, 2005 Mich. St. L. Rev.  167 (2005).

Entrepreneurial Fair Use: Let the Independent Contractor Stand in the Shoes of the User, 57 Ark. L. Rev. 539 (2004).

It’s Nobody’s Business, but You Still Cannot Lie About it: Criminalizing Innocent Attempts to Maintain Cyber-privacy, 30 Ohio N. L. Rev. 377 (2004 )

Stop Mucking up Copyright Law: A Federal Common Law of Contract as a Clean Exit Strategy, 34 Rutgers LJ 959 (2004).

Teaching Intellectual Property Licensing Transactionally, 34 U. Toledo L. Rev . 717(2003)

A Market Incentive Solution to Regulating the Playing Field: Judicial Deference, Judicial Review, Due Process, and Fair Play in Online Consumer Arbitration, 23 NW J. Int’l L & Bus. 1 (2002)

Napster: The Case of the Missing Direct Infringer, 9 Vill. Sports & Ent. L.J. 57 (2002)

Cyber-Mediation: Computer-Mediated Communications Medium Massaging the Message, 32 N.M. L. Rev. 27 (2002), with Robin M. Kennedy and Jon M. Gibbs.

Resolving E-Commerce Disputes, B2B, and B2C: An Introduction to Some Online Dispute Resolution Modalities in ADR & the Law 342 (18th ed. 2001).

Private Law, Public “Justice”: Another Look at Privacy, Arbitration, and Global Ecommerce, 15 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol . 769 (2000)

Cyberspace Law, Rieko Ibaraki, ed., Tokyo: Nippon Hyoron-sha Co., Ltd. 2000, chapter, Online ADR in the United States, (published in Japanese).

Rusticum Judicium? Private “Courts” Enforcing Private Law and Public Rights: Regulating Virtual Arbitration in Cyberspace, 23 Ohio Northern L. Rev. 769 (1998)

Shrinkwrap Licenses After ProCD in a Global Context, 5 Multimedia And Technology Licensing Law 5 (1998).

No Regulation, Government Regulation, or Self-Regulation: Social Enforcement or Social Contracting for Governance in Cyberspace, 6 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 475 (1997)

Protecting the Rights of Linguistic Minorities: Challenges to Court Interpretation, 30 New Eng. L. Rev. 227 (1996), with Charles M. Grabau.


Gregory M. Gilchrist

Articles and Book Chapters

Trial Bargaining, Iowa L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

The Special Problem of Banks and Crime, 85 U. Colorado  L. R. ____ (forthcoming 2013).

Condemnation Without Basis: An Expressive Problem with Corporate Prosecutions, 64 Hastings L. J.  1121 (2013).

The Expressive Cost of Corporate Immunity, 64 Hastings L.J. 1 (2012).

Plea Bargains, Convictions and Legitimacy, 48 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 143 (2011).  


Bruce M. Kennedy


Universal Citation Guide, Madison: State Bar of Wisconsin Press, 1999. (Coauthor with Members of the AALL Committee on Citation Formats)

Articles and Book Chapters

Eminent Domain: A Two Edged Sword of Property Law, in A Reader in American Law for Chinese Law Students and Lawyers (Beijing: Peking Univ. Press, 2013).

A Brief Introduction to U.S. Legal Research Materials, in A Reader in American Law for Chinese Law Students and Lawyers (Beijing: Peking Univ. Press, 2013).

Technological Developments in Legal Research, 2 Journal of Appellate Practice and Process, 275-303 (2000) [Coauthored with Lynn Foster.]

Cultural Values behind Neutral Legal Citations, a paper presented at the “Citations Workshop: Strategies for Accessing Law and Legal Information” sponsored by the British & Irish Legal Education Technology Association (BILETA) in Edinburgh, Scotland, March 12, 2000 forthcoming in Journal of Information Law and Technology (July, 2000).

Design Principles for Universal Legal Citations, 30 University of Toledo Law Review 531–549 (1999).

Confidentiality of Library Records; Problems, Policies and Laws, 81 Law Library Journal 733 (1989). [Winning paper in the 1988 AALL Call for Papers competition. Also named Law Library Journal Article of the Year for 1989.]

The Universal Legal Citation Project: A Draft User Guide to the AALL Universal Case Citation ", 89 Law Library Journal 7-20 (1997).

The Creation and Dissemination of Law In Democratic Society, Washington: United States Information Agency, 1995. [Freedom Series Paper No. 7.]

Universal Citations: The Unmet Need", in Report on Trends in the State Court, 1997-98 Edition, 16-19 National Center for State Courts, 1998.

Vendor-Neutral Reasons for Medium-Neutral Citations", 26 AALL Newsletter 172 (1994).

Paperwork Reduction Act Reauthorization, in FLICC Special Report 90-1, Washington, D.C.: Federal Library and Information Center Committee, 4-5 (1990).


Robin M. Kennedy

Articles and Book Chapters

Arbitration in Domestic Relations, 13 Ohio Lawyer 18 (1999) [with Ron L. Rimelspach].

Alternative Dispute Resolution, 5A Ohio Jurisprudence 3 rd Ed. (1997) [with James Klein, Elizabeth Guerra, Gabriel Davis].

Mediating Status Offender Cases: A Successful Approach, 13 MEDIATION QUARTERLY 243 (1996) [with Deborah Mostaghel and Stephen Ripps].

Clinical Law in the Area of Mental Health, 1979 Wisc. L. Rev. 373 [with David Lowry].

Review of B.Ennis, Prisoners of Psychiatry, 22 Cleve. St. L. J. 604 (1973).


Kenneth Kilbert

Articles and Book Chapters

Legal Tools for Reducing Harmful Algal Blooms in Lake Erie, 44 U. Tol. L. Rev. 69 (2012).

Good-Bye to Joint and Several Liability in Private CERCLA Actions, ABA Envt’l Litig. Sec. Newsl. (Summer 2012).

Neither Joint Nor Several: Orphan Shares and Private CERCLA Actions, 41 Envt’l L. 1045 (2011).

The Public Trust Doctrine and the Great Lakes Shores, 58 Cleveland State Law Review 1 (2010).

Re-Exploring Contribution Under RCRA's Imminent Hazard Provisions, 87 Nebraska Law Review 420 (2008).

Successor Liability Under CERCLA: Whither Substantial Continuity?, 14 Penn State Environmental Law Review 1 (2005).


Jessica Knouse

Articles and Book Chapters

 Liberty, Equality, and Parentage in the Era of Posthumous Conception, 27 J. L. & Health 9 (2014).

Reconciling Liberty and Equality in the Debate over Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, 2013 Utah L. Rev. 107 (2013).

Book Review: Intersexuality and the Law: Why Sex Matters, by Julie Greenberg, 46 Law& Soc’y Rev. 929 (2012).

Civil Marriage: Threat to Democracy, 18 Mich. J. Gender & L. 361 (2012).

Restructuring the Labor Market to Democratize the Public Forum, 39 Stetson Law Review 715 (2010).

From Identity Politics to Ideology Politics, 2009 Utah Law Review 749 (2009)

Using Postmodern Feminist Legal Theory to Interrupt the Reinscription of Sex Stereotypes through the Institution of Marriage, 16 Hastings Women’s Law Journal 159 (2005).

Intersexuality and the Social Construction of Anatomical Sex, 12 Cardozo  Journal of Law & Gender 135 (2005).


Bryan Lammon

Articles and Book Chapters

Rules, Standards, and Experimentation in Appellate Jurisdiction, 74 Ohio St. L.J.  (forthcoming 2013).


Susan R. Martyn


Traversing the Ethical Minefield: Problems, Law and Professional Responsibility [Casebook with Lawrence J. Fox] (3d ed. 2012)

Red Flags: A Lawyer’s Handbook on Legal Ethics, (with Lawrence J. Fox) (ALI-ABA 2d Ed. 2010)

The Ethics of Representing Organizations [with Lawrence J. Fox] (Oxford University Press 2009)

How to Deal with Your Lawyer:  Answers to Commonly Asked Questions [with Lawrence J. Fox] (Oceana/Oxford University Press 2008)

The Law Governing Lawyers: National Rules, Standards, Statutes, and State Lawyer Codes [with Lawrence J. Fox and W. Bradley Wendel] (Aspen, annual editions).

So You Need A Lawyer: A User’s Guide [with Lawrence J. Fox] (Forthcoming Lexis-Nexis 2006)

Articles and Book Chapters

Brief of Legal Ethics Professors and Practitioners and the Ethics Bureau at Yale as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner, Maples v. Thomas,132 S. Ct. 912 (2012) (No. 10-63).

Back to the Future: Fiduciary Duty Then and Now, in a Century of Legal Ethics, 3 Lawrence J. Fox, Susan R. Martyn & Andrew S. Pollis, Eds., (ABA Litigation Section 2009)

The Vast Negotiated Middle, 20 Practical Litigator 5 (March 2009).

Judicial Ethics: Disqualification and Recusal, 54 The Practical Lawyer 9 (December 2008).

Competence: Why You Were Hired in the First Place, 16 Practical Litigator No. 5 (September 2008).

Screening? Consider The Clients. 19 Practical Litigator 47 (July 2008).

The Integrated Law School Practicum: Synergizing Theory and Practice, 68 Louisiana Law Review 715 (Spring 2008).

Accidental Clients, 33 Hofstra Law Review 913 (2005), reprinted in 55 Defense Law Journal (March 2006).

Commentary, The Lawyer in the Religious Traditions: A Lutheran Finds Commonality, 21 Journal of Law & Religion 299 (2005-2006)

Ten Remedies You Must Understand (2005). 16 Practical Litigator no. 6, p. 41, (2005)

In Defense of Client-Lawyer Confidentiality . . . And Its Exceptions . . ., 81 Neb. L. Rev. 101 (2003).

“Formation of the Client-Lawyer Relationship,” Competence and Diligence,” and “Communications and Shared Decision-Making,” in Maya G. Bolocan, Ed., Professional Legal Ethics: A Comparative Perspective (CEELI 2002)

Book Review, Rhode’s Reforms, 15 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 143 (2001)

Human Cloning: The Role of Law, 31 U. Toledo L. Rev. 375 (2001)

Why Ohio Should Study The Revised Model Rules of Professional Conduct, Ohio Lawyer September/October 2001 14

Justice and Lawyers: Revising the Model Rules of Professional Conduct, 12 The Professional Lawyer (2001)

Now is the Moment to Reflect: Two Years of Experience with Oregon’s Physician-Assisted Suicide Law, 8 University of Illinois Elder Law Journal 1 (2000) [with Henry J. Bourguignon].

Physician-Assisted Suicide: The Supreme Court's Wary Rejection, 31 U. Toledo L. Rev. 253 (2000) [with Henry J. Bourguignon]

Physician’s Decisions About Patient Capacity: The Trojan Horse of Physician-Assisted Suicide,

6 Psychology, Public Policy and Law 388 (2000) [with Henry J. Bourguignon]

Justice Stewart G. Pollock: Catcher in the Rye, 30 Seton Hall L. Rev. 435 (2000)

Are We Moving in the Right Dimension? Sadducees, Two Kingdoms, Lawyers, and The Model Rules of Professional Conduct, 34 Valparaiso L. Rev. 121 (1999)

The Restatement (Third) of the Law Governing Lawyers and The Courts, 1997 Symposium, The Professional Lawyer 115

Book Chapter, “Legal Ethics” in Looking at Law School (Society of American Law Teachers, 4th ed. 1997)

Physician-Assisted Suicide: The Lethal Flaws of the Ninth and Second Circuit Decisions,

85 Cal. L. Rev. 371 (1997) [with Henry J. Bourguignon]

Developing the Judicial Role in Litigation Conflicts, 65 Fordham L. Rev. 131 (1996)

Lawyers As Directors: Who Serves and Why? 1996 Symposium, The Professional Lawyer 107. Reprinted in The Lawyer-Director: Implications For Independence; Report Of The Task Force On The Independent Lawyer (American Bar Association Section of Litigation 1998)

Judicial Reliance on the Restatement (3d) of the Law Governing Lawyers, 6 The Professional Lawyer 8 (1995)

Visions of the Eternal Law Firm: The Future of Law Firm Screens, 45 S. C. L. Rev. 1 (1994)

What You Should Know About Implementing Effective Law Firm Conflict of Interest Systems, 40 The Practical Lawyer 15 (1994)

Substituted Judgment, Best Interests and the Need for Best Respect, 3 Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 194 (1994)

Conflict About Conflicts: The Controversy Concerning Screens, 46 Okla. L. Rev. 53 (1993)

Essay, Professionalism: Behind the Veil of Ignorance, 24 U. Toledo L. Rev. 189 (1992)

Redrafting Ohio's Advance Directives Laws (with others), 26 Akron L. Rev. 229 (1992)

Coming to Terms with Death--The Cruzan Case, 42 Hastings L.J. 817 (1991) [with Henry J. Bourguignon]

Peer Review and Quality Assurance for Lawyers, 20 U. Toledo L. Rev. 295 (1989)

Book Chapter, “Standards of Quality: Past Efforts and Future Options” in The Quality Pursuit (ABA Section of Law Practice Management 1989)

Reporter, Law Practice Quality Evaluation: An Appraisal of Peer Review and Other Measures to Enhance Professional Performance: The Report on the Williamsburg Peer Review Conference (1988) reprinted in part in 35 C.L.E. J. and Reg. 8 (1989)

Required Request for Organ Donation: Moral, Clinical and Legal Problems, 18 Hastings Center Rep. 27 (April/May 1988) (with Richard Wright, Ph.D. and Leo Clark, M.D.).

Required Request Revisited, 19 Hastings Center Report 44 (March/April 1989).

Book Review, The Ethic of Modern Legal Ethics, 1 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 267 (1987)

Using the Brain Dead for Medical Research, 1986 Utah L. Rev. 1

Legislating Advanced Directives for the Terminally Ill: The Living Will and Durable Power of Attorney, 63 Neb. L. Rev. 776 (1984) (with L. Jacobs)

Book Review, Hiller, Medical Ethics and the Law: Implications for Public Policy, 33 J. Legal Educ. 164 (1983)

Lawyer Competence and Lawyer Discipline : Beyond the Bar?, 69 Geo. L. J. 705 (1981)

Informed Consent in the Practice of Law, 48 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 307 (1980)

Lawyer Advertising: The Unique Relationship Between First Amendment and Antitrust Protections, 23 Wayne L. Rev. 167 (1976)


Elizabeth Y. McCuskey

Articles and Book Chapters

Structuring Jurisdictional Rules and Standards, 65 Vand. L. Rev. En Banc 31 (2012).

Clarity & Clarification:  Grable Federal Questions in the Eyes of Their Beholders, 91 Neb. L. Rev. 387 (2012)


Kelly A. Moore

Articles and Book Chapters

The Curious Case of Dr. Jekyll and the Estate Tax Marital Deduction: Should Prenuptial Agreements Alter the Relationship? N. Ill. U. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Home Run Balls and Taxation, a New Stance:  How a H.R. Can Be I.R.D, Est. Plan. & Cmty. Prop. L.J. (forthcoming 2011).

Will the Applicable Exclusion Amount Tame Section 2057, Again?, Est. Plan. & Cmty. Prop. L.J. (forthcoming 2011). 

The Road to Transfer Tax Simplification is Paved With Incremental Intentions, Now, 10 Hous.  Bus. & Tax J. 320 (2010).

Previously Taxed Property Credit and the 2035(b) Gross Up.,34 S. Ill. U. L. Rev. 275 (2010).

Trust Term Constraints After Repeal of the Federal Estate Tax, 9 Wyo. L. Rev. 263 (2009).

Proposal to Create Exclusion Provisions in the Estate Tax, 35 Ohio N.U. L. Rev. 37 (2009).  


Kathleen O’Connell

Articles and Book Chapters

Can Ohio Avoid the Wake of MITE:  An Analysis of the Constitutionality of the Ohio Control Share Acquisition Act, 46 Ohio State Law Journal 203 (1985)


Lee A. Pizzimenti

Articles and Book Chapters

Screen Verité: Do Rules About Ethical Screens Reflect the Truth About Real-Life Law Firm Practice?, 52 U. Miami L. Rev . (November 1997)

Ethical Consultation From a Client Perspective, 8 Professional Lawyer (November 1997)

Post Conference Reflection: In Defense of Fuzzy Rules and Simple Truths, 35 South Texas L. Rev. 1263 (1996)

The Lawyer's Duty to Warn Clients About The Limits To Confidentiality, 39 Catholic L. Rev. 441 (1990)

Informing Clients About Limits to Confidentiality, 9 Bus. & Prof. Ethics Journal 207 (1990)

Prohibiting Lawyers From Assisting With Unconscionable Transactions: Using An Overt Tool, 72 Marquette L. Rev . 151 (1989)

Note, A Lawyer's Duty to Reject Groundless Litigation, 26  Wayne L. Rev. 1561 (1980)


Nicole B. Porter

Articles and Book Chapters

Mutual Marginalization: Individuals with Disabiltiies and Workers with Caregiving Responsibilities, 65 Fla. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Women, Unions, Negotiation, 13 Nev. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Martinizing Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 47 Ga. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Embracing Caregiving and Respecting Choice: An Essay on the Debate over Changing Gender Norms, 41 Sw. L. Rev. 1 (2011).

Debunking the Market Myth in Pay Discrimination Cases, 12 Geo. J. Gender & L. 159 (2011).

Relieving (Most of) the Tension: A Review Essay of Samuel R. Bagenstos, Law & the Contradictions of the Disability Rights Movement, 20 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 761 (2011).

Synergistic Solutions:  An Integrated Approach to Solving the Caregiver Conundrum for “Real” Workers, 39 Stetson Law Review 777 (2010).

Why Care About Caregivers?: Using Communitarian Theory to Justify Protection of 'Real' Workers, 58 Kansas Law Review 355 (2010).

The Perfect Compromise: Bridging the Gap between At-Will Employment and Just Cause, 87 Nebraska Law Review 62 (2008).

Reasonable Burdens: Resolving the Conflict Between Employees with Disabilities and Their Co-Workers, 34 Florida State Law Review 313 (2007).

Re-Defining Superwoman: An Essay on Overcoming the “Maternal Wall” in the Legal Workplace, 13 Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy 55 (2006) (invited symposium piece).

Victimizing the Abused?  Is Termination the Solution when Domestic Violence Comes to Work?, 12 Michigan Journal of Gender & Law 275 (2006).

A Review of Gender on Trial: Sexual Stereotypes and Work/Life Balance in the Legal Workplace, 6 U. Pa. J. Lab. & Emp. L. 467 (2004).

Sex Plus Age Discrimination: Protecting Older Women Workers, 81 Denv. U. L. Rev. 79 (2003).

Marital Status Discrimination: A Proposal for Title VII Protection, 46 Wayne L. Rev. 1 (2000).


Marilyn F. Preston

Articles and Book Chapters

Beyond the Basics: Practical Information for Attorneys on the Internet, 84 Michigan Bar Journal 56 (October 2005) [with Dianne Zyskowski]

Discovery and Administrative Due Process: A Balance Between an Accused's Right to Discovery and Administrative Efficiency, 8 Hastings Const. L.Q. 645 (1981)


Geoffrey Rapp

Articles and Book Chapters

Careers in Sports Law (ABA, forthcoming 2013).

Mutiny by the Bounties?  The Attempt to Reform Wall Street by the New Whistleblower Provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act, 2012 BYU L. Rev. 73, reprinted in Securities Law Review (forthcoming 2013).

Intelligence Design: An Analysis of the SEC’s New Office of Market Intelligence, 81 U. Cin. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Re-wiring the DNA of Securities Fraud Litigation: Let’s Start with Amgen, 44 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Four Signal Moments in Whistleblower Law: 1983-2013, 30 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Suicide, Concussions, and the NFL, 8 FIU L. Rev. (forthcoming 2013).

Reichle v. Howards: Supreme Court Rules that Legal Uncertainty Favors Application of Qualified Immunity in First Amendment Retaliatory Arrest Claim, Lexis-Nexis Emerging Issues Analysis (forthcoming 2013).

Fisher v. University of Texas: Supreme Court to Revisit Racial Preferences in Higher Education Admissions, Lexis-Nexis, 2012 Emerging Issues 6844.

States of Pay: Emerging Trends in State Whistleblower Bounty Schemes, 54 S. Tex. L. Rev. 53 (2012).

Field of Broken Dreams: The Quest for Rule-of-Law in Sports Litigation, Reviewing Roger I. Abrams, Sports Justice, 13 Tex. Rev. Ent. & Sports L. 103 (2012).

The Brain of the College Athlete, 8 DePaul J. Sports L. Contemp. Probs. 151 (2012).

Regulating OnLine Peer-to-Peer Lending in the Aftermath of Dodd-Frank:  In Search of an Evolving Regulatory Regime for an Evolving Industry, 69 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 485 (2012).

Torts 2.0: The Restatement 3rd and the Architecture of Participation in American Tort Law, 37 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 1582 (2011).

Tattoo Regrets and Extra Benefits: Does Free Ink Justify an NCAA Suspension of OSU’s Terrelle Pryor?, Journal of NCAA Compliance, January-February 2011

Defense Against Outrage and the Perils of Parasitic Torts, 45 Georgia Law Review 107 (2010)

Salvage Awards on the Somali Coast:  Who Pays for Public and Private Rescue Efforts in Piracy Crises?, 59 American University Law Review 1399 (2010)

False Claims, Not Securities Fraud:  Towards Corporate Governance by Whistleblower, 15 Nexus Journal of Law & Policy 55 (2010)

Unmanned Aerial Exposure:  Civil Liability for Law Enforcement Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, 85 North Dakota Law Review 623 (2010)

Blue Sky Steroids, 99 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology  599 (2009)

The Wreckage of Recklessness, 86 Washington University Law Review 111 (2008)

Can You Show Me How To . . . ? Reflections of a New Law Professor and Part-Time Technology Consultant on the Role of New Law Teachers as Catalysts for Change, 58 Journal of Legal Education 61 (2008)

Beyond Protection: Invigorating Incentives for Sarbanes-Oxley Corporate and Securities Fraud Whistleblowers, 87 Boston University Law Review 91 (February 2007)

Gouging: Terrorist Attacks, Hurricanes, and the Legal and Economic Aspects of Post-Disaster Price Regulation, 94 Kentucky Law Journal 535 (2005-06)

Preserving LLC Veil Piercing: A Response to Bainbridge, 31 Journal of Corporation Law 1063 (2006)

A New Direction for Shareholder Environmental Activism: The Aftermath of  Caremark, 31 William & Mary Environmental Law Review 163 (2006-07)

Doctors, Duties, Death and Data: A Critical Review of the Empirical Literature on Medical Malpractice and Tort Reform, 26 Northern Illinois University Law Review 3 (2006)
Affirmative Injunctions in Athletic Employment Contracts: Rethinking the Place of the Lumley Rule in American Sports Law, 16 Marquette Sports Law Review 261 (2006)

Caremark Oversight Duties and Environmental Protection: A New Frontier for Shareholder Environmental Activism?, 30 William & Mary Environmental Law & Pol’y Rev .

Annual Survey of Michigan Law, June 1 2003-May 31, 2004: Commercial Transactions and Contracts, 51 Wayne Law Review (Fall 2005)

Annual Survey of Michigan Law, June 1 2002-May 31, 2003: Commercial Transactions and Contracts, 50 Wayne Law Review 383 (Summer 2004)

Proving Markets Inefficient: The Variability of Federal Court Decisions on Market Efficiency in Cammer v. Bloom and its Progeny, 10 University of Miami Business Law Review 303 (2002)

The Economics of Shootouts: Does the Passage of Capital Punishment Laws Protect or Endanger Police Officers?, 65 Albany Law Review 1051 (2002)

Nothing Quiet on the Eastern Front: Troubling Developments in the Russian Market for Corporate Control, 2 Chicago-Kent Journal of International & Comparative Law 14 (2002)

On the Liability of Corporate Directors to Holders of Securities for Illegal Corporate Behavior: Can the Tension Between the “Net-Loss” and “No-Duty-to-Disclose” Rules be Resolved?, 7 Fordham Journal of Corporate and Financial Law 101 (2001)

Monopoly’s Hidden Justice: How Lax Antitrust Enforcement May Stimulate Charitable Giving and Overcome the Political Economy Barriers to Redistributive Taxation, 70 University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review 303 (2001)

India’s Wayward Children: Are Affirmative Action Laws to Blame for Low Levels of Foreign Direct Investment by the Indian Diaspora?, 10 Minn. J. Global Trade 323 (2001) (with Kuziemko)

DNA’s Dark Side, 110 Yale Law Journal 163 (2001)

Customer Racial Discrimination in Major League Baseball: Is There No Hope for Equal Pay?, 7 Texas Hispanic Journal of Law and Policy 119 (2001) (with Ilyana M. Kuziemko)

Advanced Economic Development, International Trade and Farmers, 5 Drake Journal of Agricultural Law 471 (2000)

Article, Agency and Choice in Education, 8 Education Economics 37 (2000)(peer-reviewed)

Note, Reconsidering Educational Liability, 18 Yale Law & Policy Review 463 (2000)

Case Note, Low Riding, 110 Yale Law Journal 1089 (2000)


William M. Richman


Jurisdiction in Civil Actions: Territorial Basis and Process Limitations on Jurisdiction of State and Federal Courts (4th ed. forthcoming 2014). (with Robert C. Casad & Stanley Cox)

Injustice on Appeal (Oxford University Press) (2013) (with William L. Reynolds)

Jurisdiction in Civil Actions (2010 Supplement).

Understanding Conflict of Laws (Lexis 4th ed.) (forthcoming in 2013) (1st ed. 1984) (with William L. Reynolds and Matthias Reimann)

The Full Faith and Credit Clause (Praeger 2005) [with William L. Reynolds].

Jurisdiction in Civil Actions (Lexis Law Publishing 3d ed. 1999) (with Robert C. Casad) Annual Supplement: 2000-2005 (2005 with Wendy Perdue).

Cases And Materials On Conflict Of Law (Matthew Bender & Co. 2d ed. 2002), (2 nd ed. 2002) (with David Vernon, Louise Weinberg and William Reynolds).

Articles and Book Chapters

Much Ado About the Tip of an Iceberg, 62 Washington & Lee Law Review 1723 (2005).

Prologomenon To An Empirical Restatement Of Conflict Of Laws, 75 Indiana L. J. 417 (2000)(With Reynolds)

Robert Leflar, Judicial Process, And Choice Of Law, 52 Ark L. Rev. 123 (1999)(With Reynolds)

An Argument On The Record For More Federal Judgships, 1 J. App. Prac. & Process 37 (1999)

The Restatement (First) Of Conflict Of Laws On The Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Of Its Successor: Contemporary Practice On Traditionalist Courts, 56 Md. L. Rev. 1196 (1997) (With Riley)

Rationing Judgeships Has Lost Its Appeal, 24 Pepperdine L. Rev. 911 (1997)

The New Certiorari Courts, 80 Judicature 206 (1997)(With Reynolds)

Studying Deck Chairs On The Titanic, 81 Cornell L. Rev. 1290 (1997)(With Reynolds).

Graphic Forms In Conflict Of Law, 27 U. Toledo L. Rev. 631 (1996)(AALS Conflict Of Laws Section Symposium).

Elitism, Expediency And The New Certiorari, 81 Cornell L. Rev. 273 (1996)(With Reynolds).

Book Review, Evolved Into Firms, 80 Iowa L. Rev. 419 (1995).

Understanding Personal Jurisdiction, 25 Ariz. St. L. J. 599 (1993).

Carnival Cruise Lines And Forum-Selection Clauses In Adhesion Contracts, 40 Am. J. Comparative L. 4(1992).

Book Review, G. Shreve & P. Raven-Hansen, Understanding Civil Procedure, 927 Indiana L. Journal 65 (1990).

Appellate Justice, Bureaucracy And Scholarship, 21 Mich. J. L. Reform 623 (1988)(With Reynolds)

Expert Testimony And Proximate Cause, 41 Vanderbilt L. Rev. 261 (1988)(With Steinbock And Ray).

The Pleading Of Fraud: Rhymes Without Reasons, 60 Southern California L. Rev. 959 (1987)(With Lively And Mell).

Appellate Court Reform And The Threat To The LegalProcess, 1 Toledo Transcript 4 (1986).

The Ohio Supreme Court's Rules For The Reporting Of Opinions: A Critique, 46 Ohio St., L. J. 313 (1985)(With Reynolds).

Review Essay: A Sliding Scale ToSupplement The Distinction Between General And Specific Jurisdiction, 72 California L. Rev. 1328-46 (1984).

Diagramming Conflicts: A Graphic Understanding Of Interest Analysis, 43 Ohio St. L. J. 318 (1982).

Evaluating The Limited Publication Plans Of The United States Courts Of Appeals --The Price Of Appellate Reform, 48 Univ. Chicago L. Rev. 573 (1981)(With Reynolds) (Study Commissioned By Federal Judicial Center And Published Separately As A Monograph By The Center.).

Limited Publication In The Fourth And Sixth Circuits 1979 Duke L. J. 807 (1979)(With Reynolds).

The Non-Precedential Precedent - Limited PublicationAnd Non-Citation Rules In The United States Courts OfAppeals, 78 Columbia L. Rev. 1167 (1978) (With Reynolds).


Robert S. Salem

Articles and Book Chapters

Victims Without Legal Remedies: Why Kids Need Schools to Develop Comprehensive Anti-Bullying Policies, 72 Albany Law Review 147 (2009).
The Integrated Law School Practicum: Synergizing Theory and Practice, 68 Louisiana Law Review 715 (Spring 2008).

The Strengths and Weaknesses of Local Human Rights Ordinances, 48 Cleve. St. L. Rev. 61 (2000). 


Joseph E. Slater


Modern Labor Law in the Private and Public Sectors: Cases and Materials (LEXIS Publishing, 2013).

Public Sector Employment:  Cases and Materials (2nd ed) (with Martin Malin and Ann Hodges) (West Publishing 2010).

Public Workers:  Government Employee Unions, the Law, and the State, 1900-62 ( Cornell University Press, 2004).

Articles and Book Chapter

The Strangely Unsettled State of Public-Sector Labor Law in the Past Thirty Years, 30 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Are Public-Sector Employees ‘Overpaid’ Relative to Private-Sector Employees? An Overview of the Studies, 52 Washburn L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Attacks on Public-Sector Bargaining as Attacks on Employee Voice: A (Partial) Defense of the Wagner Act Model, 50 Osgoode Hall L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Teaching Private-Sector Labor Law and Public Sector Labor Law Together, 57 St. Louis U. L.J. (forthcoming 2013).

Public Sector Bargaining Impasse Dispute Procedures as ADR: From 1919 to the Present, 28 Ohio St. J. on Disp. Resol. (forthcoming 2013).

The Rise and Fall of SB-5: The Rejection of an Anti-Union Law in Historical and Political Context, 43 U. Tol. L. Rev. 473 (2012).

Public-Sector Labor in the Age of Obama, 87 Ind. L.J. 189 (2012).

Employee Voice: Lessons from the Public Sector, 94 Marq. L. Rev.917 (2011).

The Assault on Public Sector Collective Bargaining: Real Harms and Imaginary Benefits, Am. Const. Soc’y for Law & Pol’y (Issue Brief, June 2011), reprinted in 5 Advance (J. Am. Constitution Soc’y Issue Groups) 57 (2011).

Public Sector Labor in the Age of Obama, --- Ind. L. Rev.--- (forthcoming 2011).

Working Group on Chapter 1 of the Proposed Restatement of Employment Law:  Existence of Employment Relationship, 13 Emp. Rights & Emp. Policy Journal 43 (2009 (with Theodore St. Antoine, Dennis Nolan, and Alvin Goldman)

Labor and the Boston Police Strike of 1919, in Aaron Brenner, Benjamin Day, Immanuel Ness, eds., The Encyclopedia of Strikes in American History (M.E. Sharpe, 2009)

Book Review: James B. Jacobs, Mobsters, Unions, and Feds: The Mafia and the American Labor Movement, 26 Law and History Review 224 (2008).

Book Review: Dennis Gaffney, Teachers United: The Rise of New York State United Teachers, Vol. 94, No. 3 Journal of American History 1011 (2007).

The “American Rule” that Swallows the Exceptions, 11 Employee Rights & Employment Policy Journal 53 (2007).

Homeland Security vs. Workers Rights?, a chapter in Samuel Estreicher and Matthew T. Bodie, eds., Workplace Discrimination, Privacy, and Security in an Age of Terrorism: Proceedings of the New York University 55th Annual Conference on Labor (Kluwer Law International, 2007).

The History of Public Workers, essay in The Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor & Working-Class History, Eric Arnesen et al., eds. (Routledge, 2007).

Do Unions Representing A Minority of Employees Have the Right To Bargain Collectively?: A Review of Charles Morris, The Blue Eagle at Work,” 9 Employee Rights & Employment Policy Journal 383 (2005).

Homeland Security vs. Workers Rights?  What the Federal Government Should Learn from History and Experience,and Why, 6 U. Penn. J. of Labor & Empl. Law 295 (2004).

The Court Does Not Know ‘What a Labor Union is’: How State Structures and Judicial (Mis)Constructions Deformed Public Sector Labor Law, 79 Oregon L. Rev. 981 (2000) Excerpted in  Grodin, Weisberger, and Malin, Public Sector Employment, Cases and Materials (Thomson West, 2003).

Petting the Infamous Yellow Dog:  The Seattle High School Teachers Union and the State, 1928-31, 23  Seattle U. L. Rev. 485 (2000)

Public Workers:  Labor and the Boston Police Strike of 1919, 38 Labor History 7 (1997)

The Rise of Master-Servant and the Fall of Master Narrative:  A Review of Labor Law In America, 15 Berkeley J. of Empl. & Labor Law 141 (1994)

Policing Your Paycheck:  Wage & Hour Law for Cops, 1 Police Union Quarterly 113 (1989)


Daniel J. Steinbock


Unaccompanied Children: Care and Protection in Wars, Natural Disasters and Refugee Movements (Oxford University Press 1988) (with E. Ressler and N. Boothby)

Articles and Book Chapters

Designating the Dangerous, 30 Seattle University Law Review 65 (2006).

Data Matching, Data Mining, and Due Process, 40 Georgia Law Review 1 (2005).

Fourth Amendment Limits on National Identity Cards, in Privacy and Technologies of Identity: A Cross-Disciplinary Conversation (Strandburg and Raicu, eds., Springer 2005)

National Identity Cards: Fourth and Fifth Amendment Issues, 56 Florida L. Rev. 697 (2004), to be reprinted in -- Immigration and Nationality Review -- (2005)

The Qualities of Mercy: Maximizing the Impact of U.S. Refugee Resettleme nt, 37 U. Mich. J. L. Ref. 297 (2003)

Separated Children in Mass Migration, 22 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 297 (2003)

The Wrong Line Between Freedom and Restraint: The Unreality, Obscurity, and Incivility of the Fourth Amendment Consensual Encounter Doctrine, 38 San Diego Law Review 507 (2001)

The Fifth Amendment at Home and Abroad: A Comment on United States v. Balsy, 31 U. Toledo L. Rev. 209 (2000)

The Refugee Definition as Law: Issues of Interpretation, in Refugee Rights and Realities: Evolving International Concepts and Regimes (Cambridge University Press 1999)

Interpreting the Refugee Definition, 45 UCLA L. Rev. 733 (1998), reprinted in 19 Immigration and Nationality Review 137 (1998)

Unaccompanied Refugee Children in Host Country Foster Families, 8 International Journal of Refugee Law 6 (1996)

Refuge and Resistance: Casablanca's Lessons for Refugee Law, 7 Georgetown Immigration L.J. 649 (1993)

Refugee Children: Some Current Issues, 5 Journal of Child Law ( U.K.) 12 (1993)

The Admission of Unaccompanied Children Into the United States, 7 Yale Law & Policy Review 137 (1989)

Expert Testimony on Proximate Cause, 41 Vand. L. Rev. 241 (1988) (with W. M. Richman and D. E. Ray), reprinted in 38 Defense L. J. 539 (1989)

The Forgotten Children: Children in War, Natural Disasters and Refugee Movement, Menesker og Rettighter (Human and Rights) No. 2, 27 (1986)

Note, Announcement in Police Entries, 80 Yale L.J. 139 (1970)


Lee J. Strang

Law Review Articles

Originalism’s Subject Matter: Why the Declaration of Independence is Not Part of the Constitution, 89 S. Cal. L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2015) (invited symposium essay) 

The Forgotten Jurisprudential Debate: Catholic Legal Thought’s Response to Legal Realism, 98 Marq. L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2014) (with John M. Breen) 

Originalism’s Promise and Limits, 62 Clev. St. L. Rev. 81 (2014) (invited symposium essay)

Originalism and the Aristotelian Tradition: Virtue’s Home in Originalism, 80 Fordham L. Rev. 1997 (2012)

Originalism as Popular Constitutionalism?: Theoretical Possibilities and Practical Differences, 87 Notre Dame L. Rev. 253 (2011)

The Road Not Taken: Catholic Legal Education at the Middle of the Twentieth Century, 51 Am. J. Legal Hist. 553 (2011) (peer reviewed) (with John M. Breen)

The Most Faithful Originalist?: Justice Thomas, Justice Scalia, and the Future of Originalism, 88 U. Det. Mercy L. Rev. 873 (2011) (invited symposium essay)

An Originalist Theory of Precedent: The Privileged Place of Originalist Precedent, 2010 BYU L. Rev. 1729

Originalism and the “Challenge of Change”: Abduced-Principle Originalism and Other Mechanisms by Which Originalism Sufficiently Accommodates Changed Social Conditions, 60 Hastings L.J. 927 (2009)

                The Historical (In)Accuracy of the Brandeis Dichotomy: An Assessment of Justice Brandeis’ Claim in Burnet v. Coronado Oil & Gas Co., that the Supreme Court’s Historical Practice was to Give Constitutional Precedent Less Deference than Statutory Precedent, 86 N.C. L. Rev. 969 (2008) (with Bryce G. Poole)

Damages as the Appropriate Remedy for “Abuse” of an Easement: Moving Toward Consistency, Efficiency, and Fairness in Property Law, 15 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 933 (2008)

Originalism, the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution: A Unique Role in Constitutional Interpretation?, 111 Penn. St. L. Rev. 413 (2006)

The (Re)Turn to History in Religion Clause Law and Scholarship, 81 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1697 (2006)

 An Originalist Theory of Precedent: Originalism, Nonoriginalist Precedent, and the Common Good, 36 N.M. L. Rev. 419 (2006)

The Role of the Christian Legal Scholar: The Call for a Modern Saint Benedict, 20 Notre Dame J.L. Ethics & Pub. Pol’y 59 (2006) (invited symposium essay)

 The Role of the Common Good in Legal and Constitutional Interpretation, 3 U. St. Thomas L.J. 48 (2005)

 The Clash of Rival and Incompatible Philosophical Traditions in Constitutional Interpretation: Originalism Grounded in the Central Western Philosophical Tradition, 28 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 909 (2005)

 The Clash of Rival and Incompatible Philosophical Traditions in Constitutional Interpretation: Originalism and the Aristotelian Tradition, 2 Geo. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 523 (2004)

When a “Rule” Doesn’t Rule: The Failure of the Oregon Employment Division v. Smith, “Hybrid Rights Exception”, 108 Penn. St. L. Rev. 573 (2003) (with Steven H. Aden) 

The Meaning of “Religion” in the First Amendment, 40 Duq. L. Rev. 181 (2002) (cited in Van Orden v. Perry, 545 U.S. 677, 727 (2005) (Stevens, J., dissenting); Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. v. Sebelius, 723 F.3d 1114, 1135 (10th Cir. 2013) (en banc))

Originalism and Legitimacy, 11 Kan. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 657 (2002)

Case Book

Lee J. Strang, Cases and Materials on Federal Constitutional Law: Introduction to Interpretative Methods, and Federal Judicial Power (2d ed. LexisNexis forthcoming 2015) (Volume 1 in the Modular Casebook Series)

Lee J. Strang, Cases and Materials on Federal Constitutional Law: Federal Executive Power and Separation of Powers (2d ed. LexisNexis forthcoming 2015) (Volume 2 in the Modular Casebook Series)

Lee J. Strang, Cases and Materials on Federal Constitutional Law: Federal Legislative Power (2d ed. LexisNexis forthcoming 2015) (Volume 3 in the Modular Casebook Series) 

Lee J. Strang, Cases and Materials on Federal Constitutional Law: Federalism Limits on State and Federal Power (LexisNexis 2011) (Volume 4 in the Modular Casebook Series)

Lee J. Strang, Cases and Materials on Federal Constitutional Law: The Fourteenth Amendment (LexisNexis 2013) (Volume 5 in the Modular Casebook Series)

Lee J. Strang, Cases and Materials on Federal Constitutional Law: The First Amendment (LexisNexis 2014) (Volume 6 in the Modular Casebook Series)

Book Chapters

A Brief History of American Catholic Legal Education: The Arc of an Uncertain Identityin American Law from a Catholic Perspective: Through a Clearer Lens (Ronald J. Rychlak ed., Rowman & Littlefield Press, 2015) (with John M. Breen)

Originalism’s Limits: Interposition, Nullification, and Secessionin Union and States’ Rights: 150 Years after Sumter, Interposition, Nullification, and Secession (Neil H. Cogon ed., Univ. of Akron Press, 2013)

BOOK Reviews

The Challenge of Originalism: Theories of Constitutional Interpretation (Grant Huscroft & Bradley W. Miller, eds.). New York, Cambridge University Press. 2011. Pp. ix + 305. $99.00 (Hardback), 29 Const. Comm. 111 (2013) (book review)  

Mark Strasser, Religion, Education and the State: An Unprincipled Doctrine in Search of Moorings (Ashgate 2011), 55 J. of Church and State 353 (2013) (book review)

Richard Thompson Ford, Rights Gone Wrong: How Law Corrupts the Struggle for Equality (Farrar, Straus and Giroux 2011), Library of Law and Libertyat (2012) (book review)

Donald L. Drakeman, Church, State, and Original Intent (Cambridge 2010), On the Square, First Things, at (July 21, 2010) (book review)

Bradley C.S. Watson, Living Constitution, Dying Faith: Progressivism and the New Science of Jurisprudence (ISI Books 2009), First Things, Jan. 2010, at 59-60 (book review)

Other Publications

The Jurisprudence of Constitutional Restoration Is Originalism, but Not All Conceptions of OriginalismLibrary of Law and Libertyat (2014)

Fastiggi, et al., eds., New Catholic Encyclopedia Supplement 2012-13: Ethics and Philosophy (Gale-Cengage Learning, 2013) (entry contributor)

Why Originalism Needs the VirtuesLibrary of Law and Libertyat (2012)

The Golden Age That Never Was: Catholic Law Schools From 1930-1960 and the Question of Identity, 7 J. of Cath. Soc. Thought 489 (2010) (with John M. Breen)

Tanenhaus, et al., eds., Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States (MacMillan Reference USA, 2008) (entry contributor)

 Libertarian Originalism vs. Common Good Originalism: Why Libertarian Originalism Gets it Seventy Percent Right and Common Good Originalism Gets it One-Hundred Percent Right, Res Ipsa, March 10, 2008, at A1



Rebecca E. Zietlow


Enforcing Equality: Congress, the Constitution, and the Protection of Individual Rights (NYU Press, 2006)

Articles and Book Chapters

Rights of Belonging for Women, 1 Ind. J.L. & Soc. Equality (forthcoming 2013).

James Ashley’s Thirteenth Amendment, 112 Colum. L. Rev. 1697 (2012).

The Ideological Origins of the Thirteenth Amendment, 49 Hous. L. Rev. 393 (2012).

Popular Originalism? The Tea Party and Constitutional Theory, 64 Fla. L. Rev. 483 (2012).

The Political Thirteenth Amendment, 71 Md. L. Rev. 283 (2011).

Democratic Constitutionalism and the Affordable Care Act, 72 Ohio St. L.J. 1367 (2011).

Progressive Popular Constitutionalism and the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, --- Oh. St. L. Rev. --- (forthcoming 2011).

Patterns of Inequality – Paradigms for Equality (Book Review), 45 Tulsa L. Rev. 863 (2010)     

Free at Last! Anti-Subordination and the Thirteenth Amendment, 90 B.U. L. Rev. 255 (2010)

The Promise of Congressional Enforcement, in Alexander Tsesis, Ed., The Promises of Liberty: Thirteenth Amendment Abolitionism and Contemporary Context (Columbia University Press, 2010)

The Rights of Citizenship: Two Framers, Two Amendments, 11 U. PA. J. of Const. L. 1269 (2009)

Belonging and Empowerment: A New 'Civil Rights' Paradigm Based on Lessons from the Past, 25 Constitutional Commentary 353 (2008).

Congressional Enforcement of the Rights of Citizenship, 56 Drake Law Review 1015 (2008) [Constitutional Law Symposium: The Forgotten Constitutional Amendments].

The Judicial Restraint of the Warren Court (and Why it Matters), 69 Ohio State Law Journal 255 (2008).

The Auto-Lite Strike and the Fight Against Wage Slavery, 38 University of Toledo Law Review 839 (Spring 2007).

The New Parity Debate: Congress and Rights of Belonging, 73 University of Cincinnati Law Review 1347 (2005) [with Denise C. Morgan].

To Secure These Rights: Congress, Courts and the 1964 Civil Rights Act, 57 Rutgers Law Review 945 (2005).

Contributor, State Sovereignty and States' Rights, in The Oxford Companion To The Supreme Court Of The United States (2d ed., 2005).

Juriscentrism and the Original Meaning of Section Five, 13 Temple Pol. & Civ. Rts L. Rev. 485 (Symposium Issue) (2004)

Civil Rights and Bingham’s Theory of Citizenship, 36 Akron L. Rev. 717 (Symposium Issue) (2003)

Federalism’s Paradox: The Spending Power and Waiver of Sovereign Immunity, 37 Wake Forest L. Rev. 141 (2002)

Belonging, Protection and Equality: The Neglected Citizenship Clause and the Limits of Federalism, 62 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 281 (Winter, 2000)

Beyond the Pronoun: Toward an Anti-Subordinating Method Of Process, 10 Tex. J. Women & L. 1 (Fall, 2000)

Exploring a Substantive Approach to Equal Justice Under Law, 28 N.M. L. Rev. 411 (1998)

Writing Scholarship While You Practice Law, 3 Mich. J. Of Race & Law 589 (1998); reprinted in 5 Mich. J. of Race & Law 767 (2000) and 7 Mich. J. Of Race & Law 511 (2002)

Giving Substance to Process: Countering the Due Process Counterrevolution, 75 Denv. U. L. Rev. 9 (1997)

Supreme Court Finds Right to Waiver of Appellate Fees in Parental Rights Termination Cases, Public Interest L. Rev. (Fall 1997)

In the Supreme Court: Can a lack of funds bar an indigent mother from appealing the termination of her parental rights? West’s Legal News (October 1, 1996)

Two Wrongs Don't Add Up To Rights: The Importance of Preserving Due Process In Light Of Recent Welfare Reform Measures 45 Am. U. L. Rev. 1111 (1996)


Evan C. Zoldan

Articles and Book Chapters

The Permanent Seat of Government: An Unintended Consequence of Heightened Scrutiny Under the Contract Clause, 14 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol’y 163 (2011).


Professors Emeriti

Roger W. Anderson


Fundamentals of Trusts and Estates, LexisNexis (3d ed. 2007) (with Ira Bloom) with Teachers’ Manual. Casebook.

Plan While You Can: Legal Solutions For Facing Disability, AuthorHouse (2003). For general audiences.

Skills & Values: Trusts and Estates, LexisNexis (2009)( with Karen Boxx) with online materials. Problem book.

Understanding Trusts and Estates, LexisNexis (4th ed. 2009). Law student text.

Law Review Articles

“Communicating Clearly:  Showing Dispository Preferences with Flowcharts,” 29 Okla. City L. Rev. 559-568 (2004)(with Douglas Oliver)(in symposium honoring Nancy Kenderdine).

"Present and Future Interests: A Graphic Explanation," 19 Seattle U. L. Rev. 101-129 (1995).

"Will Executions: A Modern Guide," 18 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 57-86 (1994).

"Architectural Barriers Legislation and the Range of Human Ability: Of Civil Rights, Missed Opportunities, and Building Codes," 28 Willamette L. Rev. 525-545 (1992).

"Conveyancing Reform: A Great Place to Start," 25 Real Prop. Prob. & Tr. J. 333-338 (1991).

"Ohio's College Savings Plan: Buyer Beware," 21 U. Tol. L. Rev. 131-146 (1989)(with Douglas Chapman).

"Informed Decisionmaking in an Office Practice," 28 B.C.L. Rev. 225-263 (1987).

"The Influence of the Uniform Probate Code in Non-adopting States," 8 U. Puget Sound L. Rev. 599-624 (1985).

"The Impact of USLTA's Articles 4 and 5 on Ohio Lien Law," 16 U. Tol. L. Rev. 1-44 (1984).

"Private Housing for the Disabled: A Suggested Agenda," 56 Notre Dame Law. 247-271 (1980).

"StatingObjectives for a Legal Writing Course," 30 J. Legal Educ. 358-365 (1979).

"The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976: Closing the Gap," 1978 Wisc. L. Rev. 633-714. Reprinted in Solid and Hazardous Waste Management in Wisconsin, CLEW materials, April 26, 1979.

"Time-Limited Water Rights: Legal and Economic Considerations," 12 Gonz. L. Rev. 193-230 (1977) (with Dr. LeRoy Rogers).


Bruce A. Campbell

Articles and Book Chapters

Ohio Car Buyers, Their Financers, and “Uniformers” Beware: Certificates of Title Control in Ohio, Consumer Finance Law Quarterly Report (Spring 2006)

Trouble: Ohio’s Non-Uniform Definitions of Accommodation and Accommodated Parties in Revised Article Three of the Uniform Commercial Code, and What to Do About Them, 28 U. Toledo L. Rev. 319 (1977).

Negotiable Instruments and Other Commercial Paper, in 71 & 72 OHIO JURISPRUDENCE 3d (1996) (with Bullock and Hirsch).

Corporate Charters; Public Domain; and Land Grants [three articles], in Oxford Companion To The Supreme Court Of The United States (Oxford University Press 1992).

The Proposed Revision of Articles Three and Four of the Uniform Commercial Code, 70 Mich. Bar J. 296 (1991).

Social Federalism: The Constitutional Position of Nonprofit Corporations in Nineteenth-Century Americ a, 8 Law & Hist. Rev. 149 (1990).

Contracts Jurisprudence and Article Nine of the Uniform Commercial Code: The Allowable Scope of Future Advance and All Obligations Clauses in Commercial Security Agreements, 37 Hastings L. J. 1007 (1986).

Dartmouth College as a Civil Liberties Case: The Formation of Constitutional Policy, 70 KY. L. J. 643 (1982).

John Marshall, the Virginia Political Economy, and the Dartmouth College Decision, 19 AM. J. LEG. HIST. 40 (1975).

Direct and Indirect Federal Pre-emption of State Economic Regulation of Trucking: Prospects and Problems, 1979 EASTERN TRANSPORTATION LAW SEMINAR PAPERS AND PROCEEDINGS 167.

(With Schneidewind), Michigan Incentive Regulation: The Next Step in CHALLENGES FOR PUBLIC UTILITY REGULATION IN THE 1980’s 397 (Proceedings of the Institute of Public Utilities Twelfth Conference, H. Trebing, ed. 1981).


Douglas K. Chapman

Articles and Book Chapters

Enforceability of Settlement Agreement Allocations Under Section 104(a)(2), 47 Baylor L. Rev. 97) (1995) (co-author).

Ohio 's College Savings Plan: Buyer Beware (with Roger W. Andersen), 21 U. Toledo L. Rev. 131 (Jan. 1990).

Below Market Loans: From Abuse To Misuse - A Sports Illustration (With Phillip J. Closius, 37 Case Western Res. L. Rev. 484 (1987).

No Pain - No Gain?: Should Personal Injury Damages Keep Their Tax Exempt Status, 9 Univ. Of Arkansas At Little Rock Law Journal 407 (1986-87).

Marriage Neutrality: An Old Idea Comes Of Age, 87 West Virginia L. Rev. 335 (1985).

The Subchapter S. Revision Act of 1982: A More Attractive Option for the Small Businessman (with William N. Ruud), Midwest Business Administration Association Proceedings, April 1984.


Richard Edwards


International Monetary Collaboration (Dobbs Ferry: Transnational Publishers, 1985), 822 p. (Received honorable mention for Certificate of Merit of the American Society of International Law, 1986.).

International Legal Materials . With H.C.L. Merillat conceived this documentary periodical in 1962. Assistant Editor 1962-67; Editor 1967-70; Corresponding Editor, 1985-present.

International Legal Studies: A Survey of Teaching in American Law Schools 1963-1964 (Washington: ASIL, 1965), 292 p.

Survey of the Teaching of International Law in Political Science Departments (Washington: ASIL, 1963)

Teaching of International Law and Related Courses in American Law Schools (Washington: ASIL, 1964), 28 p.

United States Law Schools and Latin America: Law and Development (Washington: American Society of International Law, 1966) (with H.C.L. Merillat)

Artifacts/Artifakes - Plains Indian Art Reproductions: The Law (Cody: Buffalo Bill Historical Center, 1993)

Articles and Book Chapters

Review of Gold, Interpretation: The IMF and International Law, in American Journal of International Law, vol. 91 (1997), pp. 405-07.

International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group: Recommendation and Report International Lawyer, Vol. 30 (1996), pp. 441-61 (rapporteur).

International Monetary Law: The Next 25 Years, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 25 (1992), pp. 209-224.

An ‘Interesting’ Provision Concerning Exchange Rate Arrangements, International Lawyer, vol. 23 (1989), pp. 827-840.

Reservations to Treaties, Michigan Journal of International Law, vol. 10 (1989), pp. 362-405.

Is an IMF Stand-By Arrangement a ‘Seal of Approval’ on Which Other Creditors Can Rely? New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, vol. 17 (1985), pp. 573-612.

Los Arreglos de Moneda Reciproca (en Swap) entre la Sistema de la Reserva Federal Estadounidense y Otros Bancos Centrales [Reciprocal Currency (Swap) Arrange­ments between the United States Federal Reserve System and Other Central Banks], Juridica, vol. 16 (1984), pp. 105-130. (Juridica is a Mexican legal journal.)

Responses of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to the Call for a ‘New International Economic Order’ : Separating Substance from Rhetoric, Saint Louis University Public Law Forum, vol. 3A (1984), pp. 89-114.

Extraterritorial Application of the U.S. Iranian Assets Control Regulations, American Journal of International Law vol. 75 (1981), pp. 870-902.

The European Exchange Rate Arrangement Called the ‘Snake,’ University of Toledo Law Review, vol. 10 (1978), pp. 47-72.

The Currency Exchange Rate Provisions of the Proposed Amended Articles of Agree­ment of the International Monetary Fund, American Journal of International Law, vol. 70 (1976), pp. 722-762. (Received Francis Deak Prize A. Society of Intl Law)

Contributions of the Genocide Convention to the Development of International Law, Ohio Northern University Law Review, vol. 8 (1981), pp. 300-314.

U.S.-Canadian Energy Resource Development — Many Splendored Possibilities or Hob­son's Choice? - Who Made the Policies and What are the Assumptions, Case-Western Reserve J. Intl Law, vol. 5 (1972), pp. 39-51.

International Monetary Fund: Third Amendment of the Articles of Agreement Regarding the Suspension of Voting Rights, International Legal Materials, vol. 31 (1992), pp. 1307-08.

Commentator, International Debt: How Can Developing Countries Regain Credit worthiness? Proceedings, American Society of International Law, 1989, pp. 105-06.

Review of de Vries, The International Monetary Fund, 1972-1978: Cooperation on Trial, in American Journal of International Law, vol. 80 (1986), pp. 1008-10.

Review of van Panhuys (et al.), International Law in the Netherlands, in International Journal of Legal Information, vol. 10 (1982), pp. 20-22.

Review of Glennon and Franck, U.S. Foreign Relations Law: Documents and Sources, in International Journal of Law Libraries, vol. 9 (1981), p. 178

Electronic Data-Processing and International Law Documentation, 61 Am.J.Int'l L. 87 (1967).


Howard Friedman


SECURITIES REGULATION IN CYBERSPACE ( Aspen, Third edition, 2001 with 2006 update) [First edition, 1997; Second edition, 1998.

OHIO SECURITIES LAW AND PRACTICE (3 rd edition, Lexis-Nexis, 2005); Second Edition (Lexis-Nexis, Anderson Publishing Division, 1996 and annual Supplements through 2004); First Edition (Banks Baldwin, 1987 and annual supplements).

SECURITIES AND COMMODITIES ENFORCEMENT : Criminal Prosecutions and Civil Injunctions (Lexington Books, 1981)

THE TRUST INDENTURE ACT OF 1939, Chapter 8 in Sommer (ed.), The Federal Securities Act (Matthew Bender, 1984, revised 1988, 1991, 1993, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005). Reprinted in Cavitch, Business Organizations With Tax Planning, Chapter 98 (Matthew Bender)

Articles and Book Chapters

The Silent LLC Revolution—The Social Cost of Academic Neglect, 38 Creighton Law Review 35 (2004).

Commentary on a Rare Luddite Victory – The Templeton Dragon Fund Shareholder Proposal No Action Letter, 1 Villanova Journal of Law and Investment Management 41 (1999).

The Impact of NSMIA on State Regulation of Broker-Dealers and Investment Advisers, 53 Business Lawyer 511 (1998).

On Being Rich, Accredited and Undiversified: The Lacunae In Contemporary Securities Regulation, 47 Okl. L. Rev. 291 (1994); reprinted in 28 Securities Law Review 249 (1995)

Rethinking Free Exercise: Rediscovering Religious Community and Ritual, 24 Seton Hall L. Rev. 1800 (1994)

The Oversupply of Regulatory Reform: From Law To Politics In Administrative Rulemaking, 71 Neb. L. Rev. 1169 (1992)

Destigmatizing the Innocent Defendant: Rehabilitating Reputation After an Assault Under Color of Law, 28 Crim. L. Bull. 116 (1992)

The Insider Trading and Securities Fraud Enforcement Act of 1988, 68 N. Car. L. Rev. 465 (1990)

Why Do You Speak That Way?--Symbolic Expression Reconsidered, 15 Hastings Const. L. Quar. 587 (1988)

Probleme der Wirtschaftskriminalitat am Beispiel des "Securities Fraud [Securities Fraud and the Problems of Economic Crime], in K. Liebl (ed.), Internationale Forschungsergebnisse Auf dem Gebiet der Wirtschaftskriminalitat (Centaurus-Veragsgesellschaft, 1987)

A Constitutional Analysis of Ohio's New Drunk Driving Law, 15 Univ. Tol. L. Rev. 133 (1983) (with D. Gifford)

Efficient Market Theory and Rule 10b-5 Nondisclosure Claims: A Proposal for Reconciliation, 47 Mo. L. Rev. 745 (1982)

Some Reflections on the Corporation As Criminal Defendant, 55 Notre Dame Law. 173 (1979)

Confronting the Arab Boycott: A Lawyer's Baedeker, 19 Harvard Intl. L. Jour. 443 (1978)

The Validity of State Tender Offer Statutes, 13 Mergers & Acquisitions, No. 2, p. 4 (Spring 1978); Updated in 13 Mergers & Acquisitions, No. 3, p. 18 (Fall 1978)

Price Level Accounting, Full Disclosure and Rule 10b-5; Half A Loaf Is Not Always Better Than None, 124 Univ. Penn. L. R. 1013 (1976)

The Impact of Specialization on Legal Education, in Amer. Bar Assoc. Specialization Monograph No. 2, pp. 81-96 (1976)

Updating the Trust Indenture Act, 7 Univ. Mich. J. of L. Reform 329 (1974), reprinted in 1974 Securities Law Rev. 271

The Public Interest Derivative Suit-- A Proposal for Enforcing Corporate Responsibility, 24 Case West. Res. L. Rev. 294 (1973)

Interest on Indian Claims: Judicial Protection of the Fisc, 5 Valparaiso Univ. L. Rev. 26 (1970)

The American Federal System: An Introduction for Canadian Law Students, 3 Manitoba L. Jour. 19 (1969)

Searching for a Blue Sky Remedy-- A Forum Shopper's Guide, 15 Wayne L. Rev. 1495 (1969)

The Concepts of Purchase and Sale Under the Federal Securities Laws, 14 N.Y.L. Forum 608 (1968)

Financing of Employee Stock Purchase Plans Under New Regulation G, 23 Bus. Lawyer 947 (1968)

Religion Clause blog (devoted to judicial, legislative and political developments relating to separation of church and state, and free exercise of religion)

Book Reviews: • 45 N. Dak. L. R. 441 (1969); • 4 Univ. Tol. L. Rev. 162 (1972); • 5 Univ. Tol. L. Rev. 223 (1973); • 8 Univ. Tol. L. Rev. 586 (1977); • 10 Univ. Tol. L. Rev. 641 (1979); • 4 Del. J. Corp. L. 646 (1979); • 57 Notre Dame Law. 207 (1982).

Other Writings

Certified Specialists in Securities Law... An Idea Whose Time has Come ? Ohio Securities Bulletin, 1993, No. 1, p. 1;

Prospectus Delivery By E-Mail, National Law Journal, June 26, 1995, p. C1.

For Small Businesses-- Capital-Raising Barriers Fall, Lake Links, Fall/Winter 1997.

Proxy Solicitations and the Cyberspace Revolution, Dec. 1997 Insights, p. 9.

Creating and Maintaining a Web Site for Your Business Client-- An Overview of the Legal Issues, Aspen Law & Business Corporation Bulletin (Jan. 15, 1998)

Web Site Profile: The SEC’s Web Site, The Internet Lawyer, Jan. 1998, pg. 6.

How Far Have We Traveled in Cyberspace by This Proxy Season ?, Dec. 1998 Insights, p. 19.

Personal Reflections on the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, University of Toledo College of Law Transcript, p. 41 (Summer 2003)


Robert J. Hopperton


Standards Of Judicial Review In Supreme Court Land Use Opinions: A Monograph, Austin and Winfield (1998).

Articles and Book Chapters

Legal Negotiations: Teaching and Learning Versatility, Adaptability, and Flexibility (in rough draft form). ( Work in progress)

Integrative Bargaining: The Who, What, Where, Why, When, and How (in CLE program and article outline form). ( Work in progress)

Ohio Supreme Court Regulatory Takings Jurisprudence: An Analytical Framework, 29 Capital U. L. Rev., 321 (2001).

Teaching the Rule Against Perpetuities in the First Year Property Course, 31 U. Toledo L. Rev. 55.

Understanding the Multiple Dimensions of Regulatory Takings: A Matrix, 30 U. Toledo L. Rev. 551.

Majoritarian and Counter-Majoritarian Difficulties: Democracy, Distrust, and Disclosure in American Land-Use Jurisprudence-A Response to Professors Mandelker and Tarlock, 24 B. C. Environmental Affairs L. Rev. 541 (1997).
Standards of Judicial Review in Supreme Court Land Use Opinions: A Taxonomy, an Analytical Framework, and a Synthesis, 51 Wash. U. J. Urban And Contemporary Law 1(1997).
The Presumption of Validity in American Land Use Law: A Substitute for Analysis, A Source of Significant Confusion, 23 B. C. Environmental Affairs L. Rev. 301 (1996).
Teaching Present and Future Interests: A Methodology for Students That Unifies Estates in Land Concepts, Structures, and Principles, 26 U. Toledo L. Rev. 609 (1995).

Chapter in Housing an Aging Society, Land Use Regulations for the Elderly, (1986).

Model Statute – Zoning for Board and Care Homes Serving the Elderly – drafted for The American Bar Association Commission on Legal Problems of the Elderly (1984).

Teaching Legislative Drafting in Law Schools: A Model Course, 19 Duquesne Law Review 43 (1981).

A State Legislative Strategy for Ending Exclusionary Zoning of Community Home, 19 Urban Law Annual 47 (1980).


James M. Klein


Ohio Civil Practice 2d Ed. (with Darling and Terez) Thomson-West Publishing Co. July 2004) (Three Volumes) and Annual Services.

Ohio Civil Practice (with Darling and Terez) (Banks Baldwin/West Publishing Co., 1997) (Three Volumes) and Annual Services

5A Ohio Jurisprudence 3d, Alternative Dispute Resolution, (with Kennedy, Davis, and Guerra) (Thomson Legal Publishing Co., April 1997).

Ohio Employment and Labor Law and Practice, General Editor (with Ruzicho) (4 Vol., Lawyers Cooperative Publishing Co., March 1995).

Baldwin's Ohio Civil Practice (3 Vol. Banks- Baldwin Publishing Company, May 1988) and Annual Services. (with J. Patrick Browne and John Murtaugh)

Ohio Municipal Judges' Deskbook, ( Ohio Municipal Judges Assn (1974)(with First).

Introductory Practice Materials, Univ. of Toledo Civil Law Clinic (1976). (with Willging)

Articles and Book Chapters

An Overview of Class Actions in Ohio, Volume 21 Cap. U. L. Rev. 906 (1992).

A Comparison of Unemployment Benefits in Australia and the U.S., 6 Queensland Univ. Tech. L.J. 119 (1990).

The Newly Enacted Regulations for Unemployment Insurance In State-owned Enterprises in the People's Republic of China, 4 China Law Reporter 67 (1987).

A Comparative Look at the Unemployment Insurance Programs in the Federal Republic of Germany and the United States, 9 U. Penn. J. Intl Business Law 181 (1987).

Klein and Sprouls, Unemployment Compensation in New Mexico, 11 N. Mex. L. Rev. 327(1981).

Unemployment Compensation in Ohio, 11 U. Toledo L. Rev. 27 (1979).

Procedural Due Process and The Section 8 Leased Housing Program, 66 Kentucky L. J. 303 (1978). (with Schrider)

Beyond Java--Redistribution of Risks in the Administration of Unemployment Insurance, 24 Case Wes. Res. L. Rev. 490 (1973). with Willging)

Baldwin's Ohio Revised Code Annotated, Vol. 8 (J. Klein Ed. 1988).

Klein and Weeks, Attorneys' Manual on Unemployment Insurance in Ohio 1983 - published for Ohio State Legal Services Association.

Klein, Manual on Unemployment Insurance (1982) - published for the national office of International United AutoWorkers.

Note, The Compensating Use Tax and Its Effect on Multi-State Businesses, 20 Case Wes. Res. L. Rev. 597 (1969); Case Note, 19 Case Wes. Law Rev. 403 (1968).


Frank S. Merritt

Articles and Book Chapters

Correctional Law Digest 1975- 1981 (University of Toledo 1983).

Recent Developments in Individual Rights, Health and Human Resources (with E. Hill), 18 Urban Lawyer 935 (1986).

Community Restitution - An Alternative Disposition for Corporate Offenders, 20 Crim. L. Bull. 55 (1984).

Restitution Under the Victim and Witness Protection Act of 1982, 20 Crim. L. Bull. 44 (1984).

Defamation - References To Third Persons In Presentence Reports, 19 Crim. L. Bull. 263 (1983).

Bowen V. Tennessee: The Sixth Circuit Considers The Doctrine Of Exhaustion Of State Remedies In Habeas Corpus Petitions, 14 U. Toledo L. Rev. 821 (1983).

Corrections Law Developments: Prisoners' Rights Litigation - Some Thoughts On Ruiz V. Estelle, 19 Crim. L. Bull. 157 (1983).

Corrections Law Developments: The Use Of Immunized Testimony In Parole Revocation, 18 Crim. L. Bull. 524 (1982).

Corrections Law Developments: The Use Of Informants In Prison Discipline, 18 Crim. L. Bull. 451 (1982).

Corrections Law Developments: Thus Use Of Grand Jury Proceedings In Parole Revocations, 18 Crim. L. Bull. 253 (1982).

Corrections Law Developments: Attorney Access To Correctional Institutions, 17 Crim. L. Bull. 607 (1981).

Corrections Law Developments: Good Time And Parole - Weaver V. Graham Examined, 17 Crim. L. Bull. 447 (1981).

Annual Report - Committee On Individual Rights (With F. Wells), 13 Urban Lawyer 713 (1981).

Parole Revocation: A Primer, 11 U. Toledo L. Rev. 893 (1980).

Due Process In Parole: A Current Assessment, 10 John Marshall J. L. & Prac. 93 (1976).

Illinois Reconsiders "Flat Time": An Analysis Of The Impact Of The Justice Mode l (With P. Mcanany, E. Tromanhauser, 52 Chicago- Kent L. Rev. 621 (1976).

Habeas Corpus, Etc . (With D. Young, N. Zemmelman), 1970 U. Toledo L. Rev. 75.

An Overview of the Supreme Court's Fourth Amendment Decisions in the 1989-90 Term, 17 Search And Seizure Law Report 8 (September 1990).

Impact of AIDS on Local Government, 12 Urban, State & Local Law Newsletter 9 (1988).

Chapter in ABA AIDS Co-Coordinating Committee: -- AIDS: The Legal Issues (1988).

Editor: Prison Decisions (A Monthly Digest Of Prisoner's Rights Decisions Published At The University Of Toledo 1975-1983).

Contributing Editor: Corrections Law Developments - Criminal Law Bulletin, 1980-1988.

Editor: Criminal Law Journal Of Ohio (1988-1991).

1997, 1998 Revisions To Clark Boardman - Federal Rules Of Criminal Procedure.

Last Updated: 3/25/15