The Ward M. Canaday Center

for Special Collections

The University of Toledo

Finding Aid

Toledo State Hospital, Lucas County Infirmary,

and Maumee Valley Hospital

Architectural and Survey Drawings, 1884-1989

MSS-221

Size: 50 Linear Feet

Provenance:  Maintenance personnel from the Health Science Campus of the University of Toledo

 

Access: Open

Collection Summary: Collection includes schematic maps from the Toledo Insane Asylum, which was designed by Edward O. Fallis and operated by Dr. Henry A. Tobey.  The schematic drawings are from the original plans for the asylum.

 

Subjects: Architecture, Disability History, Medicine and Health, and Social Welfare

 

Related Collections:  All of the collections that make up the Disability History Archive.

Processing Note:  None.

 

Copyright: The literary rights to this collection are assumed to rest with the person(s) responsible for the production of the particular items within the collection, or with their heirs or assigns.  Researchers bear full legal responsibility for the acquisition to publish from any part of said collection per Title 17, United States Code.  The Ward M. Canaday Center for Special Collections may reserve the right to intervene as intermediary at its own discretion.

 

Completed by: Timothy J. Fritz & Kimberly Brownlee, Summer 2009; Revised by Sara Mouch, April 2014; last updated: November 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Sketch

 

In Toledo, early care for the mentally ill fell to the Lucas County Poor Farm, later renamed the Lucas County Infirmary. The [Lucas] County Poor Farm was established in 1838 and located at the southeast corner of Detroit and Arlington Ave. The farm sustained many of society’s outcasts, including the mentally ill, the infirm, the disabled, elderly, epileptics, and others that were unable to support themselves. In 1861 the Lucas County Commissioners voted to construct an asylum on the poor farm to handle the mentally ill that were being housed in jails. It was also at this time that the name of the institution was changed from the “Poor Farm” to the “County Infirmary.”

 

In 1869 the Ohio Board of State Charities (OBSC) deemed the county infirmary to be inadequate and need of improvement. Along with improvements to existing structures being made, a new building to replace the previous asylum and house the growing numbers of mentally ill was constructed and completed in 1871. This building was named the Northwestern Hospital for the Insane. This three-story structure accommodated up to 100 patients and was in operation until 1888 when many of the patients were transferred to the newly constructed Toledo Asylum for the Insane located on the southwest corner of Detroit and Arlington. The Toledo Asylum for the Insane was initially capable of accommodating the growing number of mentally ill that were otherwise being placed in jails. 

 

Designed by prominent Toledo architect, Edward O. Fallis, the Toledo Asylum for the Insane opened for occupancy in 1888, with Dr. Henry A. Tobey as superintendent.  It was constructed on 150 acres of land donated by the county. Its design was based upon the detached ward or “cottage system”, a revolutionary concept at the time.  There were thirty four buildings, twenty of which were pavilions or “cottages” that housed the “less extreme cases” of insane individuals, while six buildings--two infirm wards, two hospitals, and two strong wards--housed those considered more “critically insane” or “incurable.” The grounds also featured man-made lagoons, an administration building, a working farm, a library, an auditorium, a greenhouse, a chapel and various other structures. The maximum capacity of the entire project could house 1,800 patients. In 1894 the Toledo Asylum for the Insane officially changed its name to the Toledo State Hospital.

 

The cottage system was conceived by General Roehliff Brinkerhoff, the founder of the Ohio State Archeological and Historical Society, who believed in abolishing the use of mechanical restraints in the treatment of the insane, and housing them in cottages to allow them the feelings of self-worth and independence while under the care of the state.  The Mission Statement and Philosophy of the Asylum read, “To many the subject of caring for the insane is…a mystery. The secret of their care and keeping them contented is to have them lead as normal a life as possible, with good clean, healthy surroundings, plenty of nourishing food, and fresh air.”

The Asylum began moving patients off of the property in the early 1970s, and the buildings were destroyed in 1973. Northwest Ohio Psychiatric Hospital, located on the same site, is the current treatment center and psychiatric hospital in Toledo and is owned and operated by the state of Ohio.

Scope and Content Note

 

Aside from two letters, a Bill of Quantities, and an estimate for construction of the Industrial Building, this collection consists entirely of architectural and related drawings.

 

Folder Listing

 

Box

Folder

Item

 

 

S1. TOLEDO STATE HOSPITAL

 

 

 

46

-

Aerial Photograph, grounds.

50

-

Agricultural Map, 1936.

16

-

Building #1, “phase2”,

1

-

Building Plan for the Industrial Bldg. Aug 9,1887

1

-

Chapel Bldg. Plans, Jan 12, 1884

21

-

Coal Handling Facility, renovation, 1974.

1

1

Correspondence assuring a safe foundation, September 8, 1884

1

3

Correspondence regarding soil inspections, September 4-6, 1884

51

-

Dairy barn

47

-

Demolition Site Plan, 1977.

38

-

Door Frame Detail, 1977.

18

-

Electrical System Renovation, 1981.

47

-

Elevated Water Storage Tank.

25

-

Elevated Water Storage Tank, 1965.

38

-

Floor Plans, ground, 1st,2nd, n.d. (3)

22

-

Food Service Bldg., addition, 1979.

49

-

Food Service Unit, 1960. (29)

47

-

Food service unit, roof plan, n.d

47

-

Food Service Unit, “typical details”

51

-

Foundation Plan for Dining and Employees Bldg.

1

-

Gas Works Bldg., May 9, 1884

50

-

Horse Barn, 1939. (5)

1

-

Ice House, Aug. 11, 1886

25

-

Installation of Relief Storm Sewer, n.d.

47

-

Laundry Sorting Room, 1976.

8

-

Maintenance Building, original construction, 1954.

9

-

New Heating Plant, 1959.

47

-

New Primary Electric Service, 1974.

9

-

New Stores Bldg., original construction, 1954.

25

-

Ohio Bell Telephone, n.d.

50

-

Pig Barn, completion, 1950. (2)

50

-

Piggery Alterations, 1950.

47

-

Proposed New Sewer Line, 1959.

25

-

“RB” Boiler, setting plan, 1959.

20

-

Receiving Hospital. n.d.

1

-

Receiving Hospital, additions to, 1951-52.

38

-

Receiving Hospital, additions to heating system, medical/surgical/therapy unit, 1958, (8)

38

-

Receiving Hospital, additions to heating system, 1960. (2)

10

-

Receiving Hospital, additions to medical and surgical unit, 1958.

1

-

Receiving Hospital, floor plans, n.d.

38

-

Receiving Hospital, ground floor, n.d.

38

-

Receiving Hospital, plan of pharmacy, medical/surgical wing, 1976.

15

-

Receiving Hospital, rehab work, 1974.

38

-

Receiving Hospital, renovation, 1980-83, (27)

14

-

Receiving Hospital, renovation, 1983.

38

-

Receiving Hospital, renovation, 1983. (5)

38

-

Receiving Hospital, renovation, 1985.

38

-

Receiving Hospital, roof renovations, 1988, (3)

3

-

Rehabilitation of Vegetable Cellars, January 25, 1961

47

-

Removal of Trees and Stumps, 1958.

46

-

Renovations, 1971.

46

-

Replacement of Bridge, 1958.

24

-

Replacement of Sanitary Sewers, 1965, (2)

46

-

Replacement of Utilities to Cottage #14, 1961.

47

-

Revisions to Low Temperature Room in Stores Bldg., 1963.

48

-

Road Project, reroute of Arlington Ave., n.d. (16)

25

-

Roadways and services. N.d.

38

-

Sheet Metal Enclosure for Sprinkler Pipe, 1984.

1

4

Specifications and estimates for foundations of all buildings but the Boiler House, September 6, 1884

1

2

Specifications of Industrial Building, May 1888

7

-

Strong Wards, steam heating plan, 1884.

42

-

Survey with Maps, 1884-1966, (4)

34

-

Toledo Medical Health Center, additions and alterations of Administrative and Clinical Services Building, March 1979

46

-

Toledo Planning Commission, map showing state and county bldgs. And property, 1965.

4

-

Toledo State College of Medicine Location Plan, March-June 1966

48

-

Topography, n.d. (14)

25

-

Toledo-Lucas County Planning Commission, (2)

17

-

Tunnel Renovation, 1982.

47

-

United States Reserve, survey of section 16 3, 1980.

47

-

Water/Gas Lines, site plan, all structures, n.d

47

-

Water/Gas Lines, site plan, sheet 5, n.d

47

-

Water/Gas Lines, site plan, sheet 7, n.d

47

-

Water/Gas Lines, site plan, sheet m1, n.d

47

-

Water/Gas Lines, site plan, sheet e1, n.d

47

-

Water/Gas Lines, site plan, sheet 9, n.d

47

-

Water/Gas Lines, site plan, sheet 6, n.d

47

-

Water/Gas Lines, site plan, sheet 2, n.d

43

-

Water supply

47

-

Water Supply System, 34-a-1, n.d.

47

-

Water Supply System, 34-a-2, n.d.

47

-

Water Supply System, 34-a, n.d.

47

-

Water Supply System, 34-c, n.d.

47

-

Water Supply System, Columbia gas lines., n.d.

47

-

Water Supply System, key to bldg layout., n.d.

46

-

Westwood Corridor, aerials, n.d.

19

-

Women’s Hospital Remodel, 1968.

46

-

Works Progress Administration Survey, 1938.

 

 

 

 

 

S2. LUCAS COUNTY INFIRMARY

 

 

 

39

-

Boiler/ Power House, alterations and additions, n.d.

37

-

Douglas Bldg (bldg “D”)

35

-

Grounds, n.d.

29

-

Housekeeping, Dietary, Linen Depts., “B” bldg., 1974.

36

-

Lab Annex (bldg “E”)

30

-

Lab Building, basement, first and second floors, December 17, 1974

31

-

Laundry, (bldg. “I”), n.d.

2

-

Laundry Bldg., alterations and additions, n.d.

6

-

Lucas County Home, floor plan, basement, n.d.

6

-

Lucas County Home, floor plan, 1stfloor, n.d.

40

-

Lucas County Home, floor plan, 2nd floor, 1974.

6

-

Lucas County Home, floor plan, 3rd floor, n.d.

40

-

Lucas County Home, HVAC layout, 3rd floor, n.d.

40

-

Lucas County Home, additions (5)

40

-

Lucas County Home, New Wings, n.d.

40

-

Lucas County Home, Nursing Office, a/c unit installation, n.d.

6

-

Lucas County Home, nursing office, west wing, a/c unit installation plan, (1ct), n.d.

40

-

Lucas County Home, transparencies, n.d.

40

-

Lucas County Home, water pipe plan, n.d.

51

-

Lucas County Infirmary topographic survey, 1929

23

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, air analyzer, piping detail for 3rd floor. 1976. (2)

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, black print, ground floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, black print, 1st floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, black print, 2nd floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, black print, 3rd floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, black print, 4th floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, black print, 5th floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, ceiling guide, “A2”, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, electrical plan, “E1”n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, electrical plan, “E2” n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, emergency area plan, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, existing emergency facilities, updates, n.d. (6)

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, fireproof addition, 1929. (4)

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, full size print, ground floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, full size print, 3rd floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, full size print, 4th floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, full size print, 5th floor, n.d.

44

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, interior floors, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, plot plan phases: 1, 2, 3, & 4. 1968. (2)

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, plumbing plan, “M1”, n.d.

23

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, site plan, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, transparencies, ground floor, n.d.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, transparencies, floor 1, n.d

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, transparencies, floor 2, n.d

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, transparencies, floor 3, n.d

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, transparencies, floor 4, n.d

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, transparencies, floor 5, n.d

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, update, medical, surgical, neuro wards, 1971.

42

-

Maumee Valley Hospital, wall plan, “A1”, n.d.

13

-

MCO (east) and County Health Complex, 1970. (2)

27

-

Nurses Quarters (bldg “G”), ground floor, n.d.

27

-

Nurses Quarters (bldg “G”), 2nd floor, n.d.

27

-

Nurses Quarters (bldg “G”), 3rd floor, n.d.

32

-

Outpatient building “C,” n.d.

33

-

Roche, administration building., n.d.

7

-

Roche, administration building, n.d.

28

-

Roche, east lab, floor plan, n.d.

5

-

Roche, family practice center, new entrance ramp and screen wall, 1983.

7

-

Roche, family practice center, new entrance ramp and screen wall, 1983

7

-

Roche, floor plan, basement, n.d.

7

-

Roche, floor plan, first floor, n.d.

7

-

Roche, renovations, 1967.

7

-

Roche, tuberculosis hospital, n.d.

11

-

Roche, renovations, 1967.

45

-

Roche, tuberculosis hospital, n.d.

23

-

Space Utilization, 1972

 

 

 

 

 

S3. NORTHWEST OHIO PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL (previously named the Northcoast Behavioral Center)

 

 

 

12

-

Northcoast Behavioral Center, additions and alterations, 1989.

 

 

 

 

 

S4. MCO (WEST)

 

 

 

41

-

Aerial Photo, n.d.

41

-

Cable Layout, 1979.

41

-

GE Modality Installation Planning, equipment layout, 1993 (4)

41

-

Master Plan, 1979.

41

-

Master Plan, development phase, west campus master plan study, phase 1, 1979.

41

-

Master Plan, development phase, west campus master plan study, phase 2, 1979.

41

-

Master Plan, development phase, west campus master plan study, phase 3, 1979.

41

-

Master Plan, development phase, west campus master plan study, phase 4, 1979.

41

-

Master Plan, “scheme 8”, 1979.

41

-

Master Plan, “scheme 11A revised”, 1979.

41

-

Master Plan Studies, scheme #9, 1979

41

-

Master Plan Studies, scheme #10, 1979

41

-

Master Plan Studies, scheme #12, 1979

41

-

Master Plan Studies, scheme #11, 1979

41

-

Master Plan Studies, scheme #11A, 1979

41

-

Master Plan Studies, scheme #13, 1979

41

-

West Campus Plan, 7902, scheme I-5, n.d.

41

-

Multipurpose Laboratory, n.d.

41

-

Parking Layout, n.d.

41

-

Site Plan, 1970, (2)