College of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences

Doctor of Pharmacy Degree Requirements

PharmD Professional Competencies and Outcome Expectations
(Approved by College Faculty 8-19-2005)

  1. Assess patients, utilizing patient-specific data (e.g., physical exam, laboratory tests, history, procedures), in order to provide pharmaceutical care.
  2. Evaluate and prioritize patient problems and triage patients to other health professionals, as appropriate.
  3. Design, implement, monitor, evaluate, and adjust a patient-specific, evidence-based pharmaceutical care plan or recommend modifications of an ongoing pharmaceutical care plan.
  4. Identify, assess, and solve medication-related problems and/or issues.
  5. Report and manage medication errors and adverse drug reactions.
  6. Recommend and monitor non-pharmacological, nutritional, alternative, and non-prescription therapies for patient-centered and population-based pharmaceutical care in an evidence-based manner.
  7. Retrieve, interpret, evaluate, and apply scientific, lay, and professional information to specific patient care, population-based health care, and health policies.
  8. Effectively communicate and collaborate with prescribers, allied health professionals, care-givers, policy makers, members of the community, administrative personnel, supportive personnel, and other involved providers of health care.
  9. Safely and accurately evaluate, compound, package, and dispense prescriptions in appropriate dosage forms.  
  10. Communicate with patients in order to obtain appropriate patient-specific information on their health condition and medication history in order to ascertain the patients’ compliance, monitor medication use, determine the effectiveness of their current medical regimens, and, when applicable, devise a new medical regimen or suggest modifications to the current regimen.
  11. Communicate with patients in order to counsel them regarding the purposes, proper uses, therapeutic and adverse effects, and self-monitoring of their medications and to promote wellness and health.
  12. Manage medication use systems, through the ability to apply patient- and population-specific data, quality assurance strategies, and research processes, in order to minimize drug misadventuring, optimize patient outcomes, contribute to the development of drug use and health policy, and collaborate on the design of pharmacy benefits.
  13. Manage human, physical, medical, informational, and technological resources, through the ability to assure efficient, cost-effective utilization of these resources in the provision of patient care.
  14. Perform the proper administration of medications via nasal, inhalation, otic, optic, and injectable (subcutaneous and intramuscular) routes.
  15. Develop skills to carry out duties in accordance with legal, ethical, social, economic, and professional guidelines and to interact in an appropriate professional manner with healthcare providers and patients.
  16. Develop the skills necessary to maintain professional competence by identifying and analyzing emerging issues, products, and services and to become self-directed lifelong learners.

Progression through the PharmD Program at The University of Toledo

Following admission to the professional division, students in the Pharm.D. program complete a B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences degree (P1 and P2 years) as the undergraduate portion of their education prior to admission to the graduate portion of the program (P3 and P4 years). A total of 137 semester hours are required for graduation with the Pharm.D. track B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences degree. Students who complete the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences at The University of Toledo with a GPA of at least 3.0 are eligible for admission to the graduate portion of the Pharm.D. program, provided that professional pharmacy standards and regulations are met. Eligible students may then  matriculate into the graduate portion of the Pharm.D. degree.

A preadmission decision for the graduate portion of the Pharm.D. program is made at the end of the P2 year. The final decision is contingent upon completion of the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences degree with a minimum GPA of 3.0. In order to graduate with the Doctor of Pharmacy degree, students must maintain a minimum of a 3.0 GPA with no grade lower than a C (2.0) in graduate courses, as required for all graduate students at The University of Toledo.

Only students in the Pharm.D. track of the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences degree program can eventually qualify for state board licensure in the practice of pharmacy. To qualify, the student also must complete the graduate portion of the Pharm.D. curriculum. According to the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education, the national accrediting board for pharmacy in the United States, all students graduating from any U.S. college of pharmacy after June 2004 who are seeking licensure will be required to hold the Pharm.D. degree.

PharmD Curriculum

Last Updated: 3/22/15