Provost's Office

Degree Requirements

A.Credit Hours
1. Students must complete a minimum of 124 hours of course work that must include both the University and College core and distributive requirements, and either an area of concentration (major) and course work related to the major, or an interdisciplinary program.

2.In all baccalaureate programs, a minimum of 64 hours must be taken at the 2000-4000 level; of these a minimum of 32 hours must be taken at the 3000- 4000 level.

3.Students are cautioned to review remaining requirements with their adviser before every registration in order that progress may be made in an orderly manner.

4.Insofar as a student can complete the basic courses and the courses required for a chosen major (as outlined in sections E - K below) in fewer than the 124 hours required for a degree, the student may choose elective courses to complete the total of 124 hours subject to the restrictions outlined below.

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B. Credit Restrictions
Total earned hours shown on a student's transcript may not all be applicable to the minimum 124 credits required for a degree, as follows:

1.Students with entrance deficiencies in mathematics or students who are required to take developmental course work will need to complete additional hours.

2.No more than 4 hours of credit in performing ensembles (MUS 2010/3010 - 2190/3190) will apply toward the degree.

3.No courses in typing, shorthand or keyboarding will apply toward the degree.

4.No more than 2 hours in skill courses in physical education, or recreation courses at the 1000-level will apply toward the degree.

5.Restriction on Technical Electives: No more than 15 hours of credit earned in colleges other than a College of Arts and Sciences, either at The University of Toledo or elsewhere, will apply toward the degree. Hours in military science and nursing are considered technical courses and are governed by this restriction.

Exceptions to this restriction may be approved by the student's department in cases where technical courses are determined by departments to satisfy related requirements. In addition, Arts and Sciences students taking a business minor will be permitted to take 21 hours of business courses. However, no additional technical electives beyond these 21 hours will apply to the degree.

6.Duplicate credit: Except for courses identified as repeatable courses, students will not receive credit for repeated courses (taking the same course twice), whether taken at The University of Toledo or elsewhere.

7.The college reserves the right to deny credit for other specific courses.

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C. Residency Requirement
Students transferring from other institutions must earn at least 30 hours of credit at The University of Toledo; at least 12 of these must be in the major area, and for students pursuing a minor, at least 9 hours must be earned at The University of Toledo. Full-time students must take their last semester, and part-time students their last 12 hours, in residence, unless alternative arrangements have been made in advance with the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. 
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 D. Grade Averages
Candidates must earn a minimum overall accumulative average of C (that is, a 2.0 quality point average on a 4.0 scale), as well as an accumulative average of C in the major at The University of Toledo. Some programs require a higher GPA in the major. The accumulative average reflects all grades earned including grades of F and grades in repeated courses.

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E. University Core Curriculum Requirements
Students earning baccalaureate degrees in all colleges and programs as well as those pursuing Associate of Arts and Associate of Science degrees are required to complete between 27 and 30 credit hours of courses that comprise the University Core Curriculum. Those courses are distributed in the areas of English composition, humanities, social sciences, natural sciences and mathematics, and multicultural studies (see the General Section of this catalog for details).

Itshould be noted that some colleges and programs require courses in these areas over and above those required to fulfill University Core requirements. The student's academic department or college office should be contacted for specific details.

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F. Orientation (ARS 1000) - 1 hour
All new first-year students are required to take orientation. The course is optional for transfer students.

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G. Arts and Sciences Skill Areas Requirements
Students are placed into English composition and mathematics courses by ACT scores or placement tests in those subjects. Students are laced into foreign language courses through placement testing.

1.English Composition (University of Toledo core and Arts and Sciences requirement) 6 hours. Students must pass both Composition I (or Introductory Writing, see below) and II with a grade of C or better. 
 
a. Native speakers track (for students for whom English is a first language).
ENGL 1100  5 hours.  Introductory Writing (Developmental course; 3 hours
will count toward degree if student earns a grade of C or higher; any
student who earns a grade of C or higher will go directly to Composition
II; any student who does not pass will go to Composition I).
ENGL 1110  3 hours. College Composition I
ENGL 1130 (or 1140 - 1230)  3 hours.  College Composition II
          
b.  Non-native speakers track (for students for whom English is a
second language) Students will take an English placement test to
determine appropriate level.
ENGL 1020  3 hours.  Writing and Grammar for English as a Second Language
ENGL 1110  3 hours. Composition I 
ENGL 1120  2 hours. Composition I Lab for ESL (co-requisite to ENGL 1110).
ENGL 1130 (or 1140 - 1230)  3 hours.  Composition II 
(A maximum of 3 hours of ENGL 1020 and ENGL 1120 will count toward the degree.)

2.Mathematics 1180 (UT core and Arts and Sciences requirement) 3 hours (may replace with any 1000-level Math course greater than MATH 1180 except MATH 2250).

3. Foreign Languages (Arts and Sciences requirement) 0 to 14 hours (foreign languages 1110, 1120, 1500, 2140, 2150). Every student is required to demonstrate proficiency in a single foreign language (French, German, Japanese, Latin or Spanish) through the intermediate (foreign languages 2150) level either by successfully completing a foreign language course at this level or by achieving an appropriate score on a proficiency/placement test administered by the Department of Foreign Languages and Literature that reflects the equivalent.

Students beginning a foreign language should enroll in their chosen language at the elementary 1110

level and will take four semesters of foreign language. Those continuing a foreign language or attempting to demonstrate competency by examination should take a proficiency/placement test. Students with two or more years of French, German or Spanish in high school who place below an intermediate course may enroll in an intensive review course (foreign languages 1500) that covers the material in the first two semesters (foreign languages 1110 and 1120), and then complete the second year courses (foreign languages 2140 and 2150). 

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 H. Arts and Sciences Distributive Requirements
Students should consult with their adviser in selecting courses that will meet distributive requirements. With their adviser's approval, students may select higher level courses for which they have the prerequisites. With careful planning, students will be able to satisfy both UT Core Curriculum and Arts and Sciences requirements by taking the minimum required hours. A student may take no more than 2 courses (or 2 courses and 1 lab for natural sciences) under each departmental code in satisfying the general education distributive requirements.

1. Humanities and Fine Arts (UT core requirement is two courses for 6 hours; Arts and Sciences requires 9-15 hours, depending on student's major).

Students not majoring in the humanities will take 15 hours of courses in the humanities in addition to those taken to meet the English composition and foreign language requirements. Students majoring in the humanities will be required to complete one history course, one literature course and one fine arts course. Students may select humanities courses that also will satisfy a UT core humanities or multicultural requirement. 

          Required Courses - 9 hours (suggested courses are listed below)     
          English Literature  3 hours
          History  3 hours
          Fine Arts  3 hours (course must be an appreciation or theory course,
                not a studio or skills course)
     
     Electives  two courses for 6 hours 
Students may select courses from art, art history, classics, communication,
dance, English, film, foreign languages (courses higher than 2150 or culture
courses 1080 and 1090, or a second foreign language), history, humanities,
music, philosophy and theatre.

Among the courses with minimal or no prerequisites are: ARTH 1500; CLC 1010; COMM 1010, 2000; ENGL 2700, 2710, 2720, 2730; FREN 1080, 1090; GERM 1080, 1090; HIST 1000 through 1120; HUM 1010, 1200, 2220, 2010, 2020; JAPN 1080, 1090; MUS 2200, 2210, 2220, 2240, 2250; PHIL 1010, 1020, 2200, 2400; RUS 1080, 1090; SPAN 1080, 1090, 1100; THR 1100, 1250, 1310. However, higher-level humanities courses will satisfy these requirements and may be taken if student has met the prerequisites.

2.Natural Sciences (UT core requirement is two courses for 6 hours; Arts and Sciences requirement is three courses for 9 hours).

Students not majoring in a natural science will take 9 hours of courses in natural sciences and mathematics in addition to the course taken to meet the mathematics requirement. (Because of The University of Toledo core curriculum requirements, students may take one additional mathematics course to satisfy the college natural sciences requirement.) Students majoring in a natural science discipline other than mathematics will meet The University of Toledo core requirements with courses required for their program; students majoring in mathematics must take 6 hours in two natural sciences departments other than mathematics.

Students may select courses from astronomy, biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics and physics. Among the courses with minimal or no prerequisites are: ASTR 1010, 2010, 2020, 2050; BIOL 1120, 1130, 1140, 1150, 2010, 2020; CHEM 1100, 1150; GEOL 1010, 1020, 1030, 1040, 2010, 2020, 2030; MATH 2280; PHYS 1050, 1300, 1310, 1320, 1330, 1750. However, higher level natural sciences courses will satisfy this requirement and may be taken if student has met the prerequisites.

3. Social Sciences (UT core requirement is two courses for 6 hours; Arts and Sciences requirement is three courses for 9 hours).

Students majoring in a social science discipline will need to take 6 hours from The University of Toledo core curriculum social sciences requirements. Students not majoring in a social science will take 9 hours of courses in social sciences. Students may select social science courses which will also meet a UT core social science requirement and one multicultural requirement.

Students may select courses from anthropology, economics, geography, political science, psychology, sociology and social work. Among the courses with minimal or no prerequisites are: ANTH 1020, 2020; ECON 1010, 1150, 1200; GEPL 1010, 1100; PSC 1100, 1200, 1710; PSY 1010; SOC 1010, 1750; SOCW 1030. However, higher level courses will satisfy the social sciences requirement and may be taken if student has met the prerequisites. 

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I. Writing Across the Curriculum ("WAC") Requirement
Students must pass both Composition I and II with a C or better. The College of Arts and Sciences recommends that these requirements be met before completing 45 hours of course work.

After completing Composition I and II with a C or better, students must pass two writing intensive courses approved by their adviser. The College of Arts and Sciences recommends that the first of these writing courses be completed within the first 65 hours of course work, and the second within the first 90 hours. One of these courses must be taken within the student's major. Students with dual majors must take a writing intensive course in each major. Students with interdisciplinary majors will meet this requirement by selecting courses in consultation with their advisers. Advisers will monitor students' progress to help them complete these requirements in a timely fashion.

Transfer students from institutions that have required writing intensive courses should have their former institution certify that they have completed writing intensive courses comparable to those required in the College of Arts and Sciences. Transfer students who have not taken writing intensive courses must meet the College of Arts and Sciences Writing Across the Curriculum requirements.

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J. Major Area
Every student must complete either a departmental major or an interdepartmental or interdisciplinary major.

Courses given in other colleges of the University may be credited to the major only with the approval of the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences upon recommendation of the department chair.

1.Departmental Major

The minimum number of semester hours a student must complete for a departmental major is prescribed by the department, but rarely exceeds 34 hours. The maximum number of hours a student may elect for the major within the total 124 hours for a Bachelor of Arts degree is 40 hours, except in art, music and theatre, where the maximum is 50 hours. For the Bachelor of Science degree, the maximum is 50 hours. For a Bachelor of Music degree, see the listing under the Department of Music. For the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree, see the Department of Art or Department of Theatre, Film and Dance. For the Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree, see the nursing program.

Students may choose a departmental major from the following: 

     Anthropology (BA)
     Art (BA, BFA with concentrations in ceramics, cyber art, drawing,
        metals, painting, photography, printmaking and sculpture)
     Art History (BA)
     Biology (BS)
     Chemistry (BA or BS)
     Communication (BA with concentrations in general communication and
        communication disorders )
     Economics (BA)
     English (BA with concentrations in literature, American literature or
        writing)
     French (BA)
     Geography and Planning (BA)
     Geology (BA or BS)
     German (BA)
     History (BA)
     Linguistics (BA)
     Mathematics (BA or BS with concentrations in applied mathematics,
        mathematics with computer science, pure mathematics or statistics)
     Music (BA or BM with concentrations in voice, piano, guitar, string,
        wind and percussion or instrumental jazz)
     Nursing (BSN)
     Philosophy (BA)
     Physics (BS, concentrations in astrophysics and applied physics available)
     Political Science (BA with concentration in public administration
        available)
     Psychology (BA)
     Social Work (BA)
     Sociology (BA)
     Spanish (BA)
     Theatre (BA in film or theatre; theatre concentrations in  performance,
        design tech, dance or theatre studies available; BFA in performance)

A student may have two majors from two different departments provided the requirements of both programs are satisfied. Work in the second major may be accepted as fulfilling the related course requirement upon the approval of the advisers in both departments.

2.Interdisciplinary Majors

A student may complete one of the following special interdisciplinary majors if accepted into that particular program. A student completing a departmental major and a second major in an interdisciplinary or interdepartmental major cannot use courses from the first major to satisfy the second or vice-versa. 

     Africana Studies (BA; pending Ohio Board of Regents approval)
     American Studies (BA)
     General Studies (BA or BS)
     Environmental Sciences (BS)
     Environmental Studies (BA)
     Humanities (BA)
     International Relations (BA)
     Asian Studies (BA)          
     European Studies (BA)
     Latin American Studies (BA)
     Middle East Studies (BA)
     Medieval and Renaissance Studies (BA)
     Legal Assisting and Pre-Law (2-plus-2 BA)
     Legal Assisting and Spanish (2-plus-2 BA)     
     Urban Studies (BA)
     Women's Studies (BA)

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 3. Interdepartmental Major

A student who chooses an interdepartmental major must complete at least 60 hours divided approximately equally among three related departments. These 60 hours are in lieu of the prescribed hours in a departmental major and the 18 hours in related courses (see K below).

The student must have at least a C average in all courses attempted in each of the three departments of the interdepartmental major. In planning a program, the student must consult with the interdepartmental adviser of the college to select courses in each area that have the approval of the appropriate department chair.

The three departments selected from the list (1 above) are subject to the approval of the dean and the department chairs concerned. A student completing a departmental major and second major in an interdisciplinary or interdepartmental major cannot use courses from the first major to satisfy the second or vice-versa.

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K. Related Courses
Every student who chooses a departmental major also must complete a minimum of 18 hours in courses related to the major. These 18 hours must be in addition to courses taken to fulfill the basic requirements listed above. Each department defines the areas from which courses may be chosen by its majors, and these listings are given in the later sections of this catalog under Programs of Study. Related courses must be chosen from courses acceptable for Arts and Sciences major credit.

Courses given in other colleges of the University may be credited to the major or to related courses only with the approval of the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences upon recommendation of the department chair. 
 
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L. Minors
Many Arts and Sciences departments offer minors. Departmental requirements for particular minors are given in later sections of the catalog under Programs of Study. Students wishing to pursue a minor should consult with an adviser in that department. Courses selected for the minor must be chosen from courses acceptable for credit toward a major in that department. In meeting requirements for some majors, work in the minor may be accepted as fulfilling the 18 hours of related courses, but only with the approval of the student's major adviser. Students completing a minor cannot use courses from the minor to satisfy requirements in the major. A minimum GPA of 2.0 is required in the minor. Students must complete a minimum of 21 hours for a minor; at least 9 of those hours must be completed at The University of Toledo.

Students may choose a minor from the following departments or programs:

 
     Africana Studies
     Anthropology
     Art
     Art History
     Astrophysics
     Business Administration*
     Chemistry
     Classics
     Drama, History and Criticism of
     Economics
     English (literature or writing)
     Film 
     French (2 minors, 1 in applied)
     German 
     Geography     
     Geology
     History
     Japanese
     Latin American Studies
     Linguistics
     Mathematics
     Music (music theory, music history and literature, jazz, instrumental,
        vocal, keyboard)
     Philosophy     
     Physics
     Political Science
     Psychology
     Sociology
     Spanish
     Theatre (film, theatre)
     Women's Studies
*The Business minor requires coursework from the College of Business 
Administration as well as course work in economics and mathematics from
the College of Arts and Sciences. Students interested in pursuing a minor
in Business Administration should consult with their adviser and read
the business minor entry in the College of Business Administration portion
of this catalog.

Last Updated: 6/26/15