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The Bachelor of Science degree program in Pharmaceutical Sciences (B.S.P.S.) for non-Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm. D.) or non-licensure majors is a four-year baccalaureate degree program at The University of Toledo College of Pharmacy. This curriculum takes advantage of the educational base of the College in the health-related sciences. Graduates with the four-year degree in Pharmaceutical Sciences who are not seeking the Pharm.D. major will not be prepared or qualified for the state board licensure in the practice of pharmacy. The curriculum for these new programs is divided into course work that assures a broad liberal education in the arts and sciences followed by, an advanced course of study that leads to a concentration in the pharmaceutical sciences. The structure, diversity and functional characterization of living systems will be studies, examined and understood with emphasis on the nature of disease and the design and development of therapeutic entities.
While students who major in these more basic disciplines move on to increasingly specialized courses within those separate sciences, students of the pharmaceutical sciences, biomedical sciences or related life sciences matriculate in courses of study that continue to stress a cross fertilization of the ideas of fundamental biology and chemistry while focusing on the complexity and balance of living systems.
General Program Requirements
A total of 132 semester hours are required for graduation with the B.S.P.S. Non-Pharm.D. options.
Lower Division Requirements
Inyears 1 and 2 students in the B.S.P.S. program are required to meet the same requirements as are met by students in the B.S. in Pharmacy program. These are noted below:
First YearFirst Semester PHPR 1000 Orientation 1 CHEM 1090 or 1230* Elementary/General Chem 3 or 4 CHEM 1280* General Chemistry Lab I 1 BIOL 2150 Fund. of Life Sciences I 4 BIOL 2160 Fund. of Life Sciences Lab I 1 MATH 1750 Math. for Life Sciences I 4 Core Elective(s) ** 4 or 3 Second Semester CHEM 1240 General Chemistry II 4 CHEM 1290 General Chemistry Lab II 1 BIOL 2170 Fund. of Life Sciences II 4 BIOL 2180 Fund. of Life Sciences Lab II 1 MATH 1760 Math. for Life Sciences II 3 Core Elective(s) ** 3 *Depending on results of Chemistry and Mathematics Placement Examinations. If CHEM 1090 is required, it must be completed successfully before CHEM 1230 and 1280 may be taken, followed by CHEM 1240 and 1290. **Core Electives refer to both University and college core elective requirements
Second YearFirst Semester PHPR 2010 Introduction to Patient Care 2 CHEM 2410 Organic Chemistry I 3 CHEM 2460 Organic Chemistry Lab I 1 PHCL 2600 Funct. Anat. & Physiology I 4 PHYS 1750 Selected Topics in Physics 4 Core Elective(s) 3 Second Semester CHEM 2420 Organic Chemistry II 3 CHEM 2470 Organic Chemistry Lab II 1 PHCL 2620 Funct. Anat. & Physiology II 4 Core Elective(s) 9
Required Core of Upper Division ProgramYear 3: MBC 3310 Medicinal Chemistry I 3 MBC 3320 Medicinal Chemistry II 3 PHCL 3700 Pharmacology I 3 PHCL 3720 Pharmacology II 3 MBC 3550 Physiological Chemistry 3 MBC 3560 Physiological Chemistry 3 Year 4: PHCL 4700 Pharmacology III 3 MBC 4710 Targeted Drug Design or MBC 4720 Advances in Drug Design or PHCL 4800 Human-Xenobiotic Interactions 3
Pharmacology Toxicology (PTOX) Majors
Inaddition to the required core of courses for the upper division of the B.S.P.S. program, PHCL 4730 (Introduction to Toxicology), PHCL 4750 (Toxicology II) and PHCL 4760 (Toxicokinetics) are required for all PTOX majors. In addition, at least fifteen (15) semester hours (not including PHCL 4710) must be taken in the Department of Pharmacology (PHCL) from the list of elective courses below. Thus, for PTOX majors, a total of twenty-four (24) semester hours in the upper division must be PHCL courses. Any remaining upper division electives may be selected from the course lists of the departments of PHCL (including PHCL 4710), MBC, CHEM or BIOL from the elective list below.
Medicinal Chemistry (MBC) Majors
Inaddition to the required core of courses for the upper division of the B.S.P.S. program, an additional twenty-five (25) hours of course work must be selected from the list of elective courses below. Further, the final fifteen (15) hours of course work necessary for the degree fulfillment may be selected, with the permission of the major adviser, from other undergraduate offerings at the 3000 or 4000 level.
PTOX and MBC Elective Courses BIOL 3010 Molecular Genetics 3 BIOL 3020 Molecular Genetics Lab 2 BIOL 3030 Cell Biology 3 BIOL 3040 Cell Biology Lab 2 BIOL 4010 Molecular Biology 3 BIOL 4030 Microbiology 3 BIOL 4050 Immunology 3 BIOL 4110 Human Genetics 3 BIOL 4330 Parasitology 3 CHEM 3310 Analytical Chemistry 2 CHEM 3320 Analytical Chemistry Lab 2 CHEM 4300 Instrumental Analysis 2 CHEM 4300 Instrumental Analysis Lab 2 CHEM 3710 Physical Chemistry for the Biosciences I 3 CHEM 3720 Physical Chemistry for the Biosciences II 3 or alternative to CHEM 3710/3720 CHEM 3730 Physical Chemistry I 3 CHEM 3740 Physical Chemistry II 3 MBC 4300 Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy 2 MBC 4340 Genes and Proteins in Therapy 2 MBC 4410 Nutrition in Health and Disease 2 MBC 4420 Neuroscience 2 MBC 4430 Biochemistry of Disease 2 MBC 4450 New Drug Development 2 MBC 4470 Advanced Immunotherapeutics 2 MBC 4480 Chemical Defense Mechanismsin Plants 2 MBC 4980 Special topics in Drug Design 1-4 MBC 4950:01 Research in Medicinal Chemistry 6-8 MBC 4950:91 Research in Medicinal Chemistry:Honors 6-8 MBC 4760 Biochemical Toxicology 2 MBC 4770 Molecular Modeling in Drug Design 3 MBC 4800 Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships 2 PHCL 4720 Pharmacology IV-Antibiotic Therapy 3 PHCL 4140 Biostatistics 3 PHCL 4850 Drug Disposition 2 PHCL 4150 Pharmacokinetics 4 PHCL 4710 Pharmacology-Toxicology Seminar* 3 PHCL 4730 Basic Toxicology* 2 PHCL 4740 Clinical Toxicology* 2 PHCL 4750 Practicum in Toxicology* 12 PHPR 4010 Modern Drug Delivery 2 *required courses for concentration in toxicology
Senior Independent Project
Students in the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences program may develop, in collaboration with a specific faculty adviser, a short term experimental problem designed to introduce them to research in the pharmaceutical sciences. This activity is expected to develop intensively over one or more semesters during the senior year and will be coordinated with a senior seminar or capstone course, which will focus more broadly on research ideas and their resolution (e.g. MBC 4710 or MBC 4720 ). Submission and acceptance by the faculty of a formal paper based on the experimental work will be a requirement.
Career Service Options
Often students will begin to develop specific career interests relatively early. Students may be placed during a summer session or on occasion during an academic semester in a practicum site. For example, students interested in toxicology as a longer term career option, may be provided with the opportunity to work in an industrial or government toxicology laboratory or regulatory agency.
Such "real life" experiences are valuable to students and will invariably help them select their career choices. Initially, this program will be voluntary; that is, it will not be required for graduation. The "off campus" experience will be available to as many students in the program for whom it can be arranged. Those wishing a career in industry immediately after graduation will be encouraged to take this option when it becomes available. In certain well-defined cases these experiences may be used as the basis for the senior independent project.
Elective Specialization within the Pharmaceutical Sciences Programs
Multiple options for specialization are expected to develop within the program. Students who become interested in careers in specific pharmaceutical or life sciences will have a variety of options. Additional course work and research opportunities are available in specific pharmaceutical sciences.