Nicolas L. Chiaia, Ph.D.
Office: Block Health Sciences Building Room 120D
|Fax: 419-383- 3008|
Ph.D., 1985, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio
Somatosensory development, Cortical pattern formation, injury-induced reorganization.
Single and Multi-unit electrophysiology, Immunocytochemistry, slow-release drug application.
My major research interests are focused on factors that influence the development and plasticity of patterned neural connections in the rodent somatosensory system. Using the 'whisker to barrel' pathway pioneered by Drs. Thomas Woolsey and Hendrick Van Der Loos as a model system, experiments in my laboratory have been directed at understanding the development of this system and the factors which govern the reorganization of both peripheral and central connections in this pathway following nerve injury during development.
My laboratory has also been interested in the role of early neuronal activity in the
development and maintenance of patterned vibrissae-related connections in the primary
somatosensory cortex (S-I).
More recently my laboratory has investigated the role of peripherally expressed and peripherally transported factors in the maintenance of vibrissae-related patterns in the trigeminal neuraxis. Using drugs which attenuate axoplasmic transport in the infraorbital nerve, we have observed a disruption of the pattern of aggregation of higher-order brainstem cells that is not reflected by any disorganization of the central terminals of trigeminal primary afferents from which they derive their input. This suggests that some factor or factors transported from the periphery may be necessary for maintaining the normal aggregation of vibrissae-sensitive neurons in the trigeminal neuraxis. The nature of these factors is as yet unclear.
My laboratory also works closely with that of Drs Richard Lane and Richard Mooney. We are currently collaborating on projects aimed at determining specific gene products belonging to the tyrosine kinase receptor family, which may influence the patterning of somatosensory connections. variety of acutely isolated or cultured cell types.
|References (partial list):|
|Lane RD, Pluto CP, Kenmuir CL, Chiaia NL, Mooney RD. Does reorganization in the cuneate nucleus following neonatal forelimb amputation
influence development of anomalous circuits within the somatosensory cortex? J Neurophysiol.
Lane RD, Chiaia NL, Kesterson KL, Rhoades RW, Mooney RD.Boundary-limited serotonergic influences on pattern organization in rat sensory cortex. Neurosci Lett. 2006 Mar 6;395(2):165-9.
Pluto CP, Chiaia NL, Rhoades RW, Lane RD.Reducing contralateral SI activity reveals hindlimb receptive fields in the SI forelimb-stump representation of neonatally amputated rats.J Neurophysiol. 2005 Sep;94(3):1727-32.
Bowlus TH, Lane RD, Stojic AS, Johnston M, Pluto CP, Chan M, Chiaia NL,Rhoades RW. Comparison of reorganization of the somatosensory system in rats that sustained forelimb removal as neonates and as adults.J Comp Neurol. 2003 Oct 20;465(3):335-48.
Pluto CP, Lane RD, Chiaia NL, Stojic AS, Rhoades RW. Role of development in reorganization of the SI forelimb-stump representation in fetally, neonatally, and adult amputated rats.J Neurophysiol. 2003 Sep;90(3):1842-51.
Chiaia NL, Shah A, Crissman RS, Rhoades RW. Prevention of galanin upregulation following neonatal infraorbital nerve transection or attenuation of axoplasmic transport does not rescue central vibrissae-related patterns in the rat.Eur J Neurosci. 2001 Jan;13(1):25-34.
Chiaia NL, Zhang S, Crissman RS, Rhoades RW. Effects of neonatal axoplasmic transport attenuation on the response properties of vibrissae-sensitive neurons in the trigeminal principal sensory nucleus of the rat. Somatosens Mot Res. 2000;17(3):273-83.
Boylan CB, Bennett-Clarke CA, Chiaia NL, Rhoades RW. Time course of expression and function of the serotonin transporter in the neonatal rat's primary somatosensory cortex.Somatosens Mot Res. 2000;17(1):52-60.
Bennett-Clarke CA, Chiaia NL, Rhoades RW.Differential expression of acetylcholinesterase in the brainstem, ventrobasal thalamus and primary somatosensory cortex of perinatal rats, mice, and hamsters. Somatosens Mot Res. 1999;16(4):269-79.