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Graduate Program Information
Graduate Degree Requirements
- M.S. in Biology: Ecology Track
- M.S. in Geology: General
- M.S. in Geology: Earth Surface Processes
- M.S.E in Geology or Biology
- Ph.D. in Biology: Ecology Track
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The following general information applies to all applicants. However, applications for the ecology programs and the geology programs are reviewed separately and independently by the two sub-committees (consisting of ecology faculty and geology faculty, respectively) that constitute the Department's Graduate Admissions Committee.
|Master of Science Degree Programs: Biology and Geology|
Students with a baccalaureate or graduate degree from an accredited university are admitted on the basis of their academic record (university transcripts and grade point average, GPA), scores on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), statement of objectives, and three letters of recommendation. Other evidence of aptitude for advanced studies may also be considered, such as previous research experience and published papers or abstracts. For U.S. applicants or students with a degree from a U.S. institution, the Graduate School requires a 2.70 GPA (on a 0-4.0 scale) or equivalent for all previous academic work. If the GPA is below this level, "provisional" admission is possible but in such cases the applicant must have an undergraduate GPA of at least 3.0 in biology, geology or a closely related field. For all students, the minimum acceptable scores for the GRE are 1050 for the combined verbal and quantitative components (300 on the new GRE grading scale), and 4.0 for the analytical writing component. Students with lower scores may still be considered for admission if their academic record shows an aptitude for research. The statement of objectives, which must be included with the application, should describe the applicant's educational and career goals. This statement is important because admission to the graduate program is greatly facilitated if an applicant's research interests can be matched to the expertise of one of the faculty members.
International students with a native language other than English must submit their results for either the internet-based version of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL-iBT), or the International English Language Testing Service exam (IELTS). Both tests assess spoken English as well as other aspects of the language, but of the two the TOEFL-iBT is preferred. The minimum acceptable TOEFL score for admission is 80 on the internet based test, 213 on the computer-based (non internet) test, or 550 on the paper-based version, but to be considered for financial aid minimum scores of at least 250 (computer-based, or 600 paper-based) on the TOEFL as well as 450 on the verbal component of the GRE are required (150 on the new GRE grading scale). The minimum acceptable score for the IELTS exam is 6.0. Students with acceptable scores may receive telephone calls from potential faculty advisers in order to further evaluate their spoken English as well as to discuss their educational and research interests. For more information on the Department's English language proficiency policy see below.
For all students, the application for graduate studies must be made to the University's Graduate School. For full consideration, applications should be submitted no later than February 1st. The necessary forms and other information can be obtained from http://gradschool.utoledo.edu. The forms can either be downloaded from this site or submitted online. University transcripts and GRE and TOEFL score results must be reported to the University before any decisions can be made regarding admission or financial aid. "Official" copies of these documents (i.e., those sent directly from your university and the Educational Testing Service) must be provided within a few months of the student's arrival in Toledo, but when applying for admission and financial aid unofficial photocopies of these documents are acceptable. Once the Graduate School has received all the required application materials it will forward the student's file to the Environmental Sciences Department for consideration.
Students with a baccalaureate degree in a related field are encouraged to apply, but they may be required to take some additional undergraduate course work to make up deficiencies if admitted to the graduate program.
|Doctor of Philosophy Degree Program: Biology|
Students are admitted to the Ph.D. program on the basis of their potential ability to make a unique and substantial scientific contribution to the field of ecology. Acceptance by a faculty research adviser is required for admission to the Ph.D. program. All applicants will be evaluated on the basis of their statement of educational and career objectives, previous research and teaching experience, published papers, university grade point average (GPA) or other evidence of academic performance, scores on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), and three letters of recommendation. Two categories of applicants will be considered: 1) those with a M.S. degree from an accredited university and 2) those with a BS (BA) from an accredited university and outstanding academic performance and proven research potential.
Students who already have a M.S. will be given priority consideration if they have a minimum GPA of 3.0 and minimum GRE scores (verbal+quantitative, and analytical writing) of 1100 (303 on the new GRE grading scale) and 4.5, respectively. Applicants who do not have a M.S. will be considered for admission directly to the Ph.D. program if they have a minimum GPA of 3.5 and minimum GRE scores (verbal+ quantitative, and analytical writing) of 1200 (306 on the new GRE grading scale) and 5.5, respectively. Research experience, either as an undergraduate or as a post-BS professional, is also required. Students with an undergraduate degree may also apply first to the MS program and, if accepted, work with their major advisor and research committee to determine eligibility for switching to the Ph.D. program after the first year of graduate work.
International students with a native language other than English must submit their results for either the internet-based version of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL-iBT), or the International English Language Testing Service exam (IELTS). Both tests assess spoken English as well as other as other aspects of the language, but of the two the TOEFL-iBT is preferred. The minimum acceptable TOEFL score for admission is 213 on the computer-based test (or 550 on the paper-based version) but to be considered for financial aid minimum scores of at least 250 (computer-based, or 600 paper-based) on the TOEFL as well as 450 (150 on the new GRE grading scale) on the verbal component of the GRE are required. For more information on the Department's English language proficiency policy see below. Applicants should contact individual faculty members in the Environmental Sciences Department to discuss potential research topics for their degree program. Students with scores lower than those listed may still be considered for admission if their academic record shows a strong aptitude for research and their research interests have a close fit with those of a faculty member who wishes to advise the student. For full consideration for fall semester admission, applications should be submitted no later than February 1.
| English Language Proficiency Policy
After arriving at the University of Toledo and prior to their first semester of study, international students with graduate assistantships (IGAs), either teaching or research, must take the English-language proficiency screening exam administered by the university's American Language Institute (ALI). IGAs may not teach unless they receive a score of 3 (on a scale of 1-3) on this exam. Students not achieving this score, must take the ALI's English-language course for IGAs during their first semester. If, at the end of this course, any students not achieving a level of English proficiency equivalent to a score of 3 on the screening exam must repeat the ALI course during their second semester. If, at the end of this semester, a student's English proficiency has still not improved to the required level, then their assistantship may be suspended until they pass the screening exam. In the latter event, the student will be responsible for covering the cost of any ALI or other English-language courses taken to improve their proficiency to the point where their assistantship can be reinstated.