Judith Herb College of Education

Michael D. Toland, Ph.D.

Michael Toland Profile

Professor, Executive Director of The Herb Innovation Center

Academic program:
Research and Measurement, Department of Educational Studies

Office: Gillham Hall 3100W
Office Phone: 419-530-6134
Email: michael.toland@utoledo.edu
Mailing address: Mail Stop 914
2801 West Bancroft St.
Toledo, OH 43606-3390


  • PhD, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
    Psychological Studies in Education with a Specialization in Quantitative, Qualitative, & Psychometric Methods
    Lincoln, NE
  • MA, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
    Educational Psychology: Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Education
    Lincoln, NE
  • BS, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
    Mathematics (Statistics Emphasis) and Psychology


  • Alumni Great Teacher Award (Student Nominated), University of Kentucky (2019)
  • Independent Applying the Quality Matters Rubric, University of Kentucky (2017)
  • Visiting Professor, Department of Social Sciences, University of Cagliari, Italy (2015)
  • Teacher Who Made a Difference Award (Student Nominated), University of Kentucky (2014, 2015, 2019)
  • eLearning Innovation + Design Lab Faculty Development Award, University of Kentucky (2014-2015)


Michael Toland is the first full-time Executive Director of The Herb Innovation Center at the University of Toledo. He is trained in applied statistics and psychometrics, with several years of statistical and measurement consulting experience, especially with latent variable modeling, design of instruments, and analyzing nested data structures.

Prior to his current appointment at the University of Toledo, Toland spent 12 years at the University of Kentucky as a Professor in the Educational Psychology and Quantitative and Psychometric Methods programs. There, he taught numerous statistics, design, and measurement courses and provided pre and post design, statistical, and measurement services on projects funded by federal, state, and private agencies.


Toland’s research interests focus on the application of advanced statistical models, writing pedagogical “how-to” methodological manuscripts, and the application of latent variable modeling techniques in the social sciences, especially education. He has authored several applied and methodological articles in a variety of social science journals and has guest edited special issues on modern statistical and psychometric techniques.


  • Lingat, J. E. M., Toland, M. D., Qiu, C., Chen, X-Y., Han, J., Shen, L., Ford, C. J., Love, A. M. A., Li, C., Blevins, J., Clement-Montgomery, T., White, C., Jeter, K., Kehrwald, N. P., & Williams, C. M. (Accepted). Optimizing the measurement of resident advisor’s self-efficacy using the Rasch model. Journal of College and University Student Housing.

  • Dueber, D. M., Toland, M. D., Lingat, J. E. M., Love, A. M. A., Qiu, C., Wu, R., Brown, A. V. (Accepted). To reverse item orientation or not to reverse item orientation, that is the question. Assessmenthttps://doi.org/10.1177/10731911211017635

  • Peugh, J. L., Beal, S., McGrady, M. Toland, M. D., & Mara, C. (In press). Analyzing discontinuities in longitudinal count data: A multilevel linear mixed model. Psychological Methodshttps://doi.org/10.1037/met0000347
  • Peterson, C. M.a, Toland, M. D.a, Matthews, A., Mathews, S., *Thompson, F., & Conard, L. A, (2020). Exploring the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire in treatment seeking transgender youth. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. https://doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000386 [EFA]
  • Rosenkrantz, D. E., Rostosky, S. S., Toland, M. D., & *Dueber, D. (2020). Cognitive-affective and religious values associated with parental acceptance of an LGBT child. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 7(1), 55–65. https://doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000355 [Tobit]
  • Toland, M. D., *Dueber, D. M., & Bowen, P. (2020). Application of item response theory analysis to the work contact scales. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 146(7), 04020062. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001845 [MIRT]
  • Toland, M. D., Li, R. C., Kodet, J., & Reese, R. J. (2020). Validity of the Outcome Rating Scale: An item response theory analysis. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481756.2020.1745647 [IRT]
  • Guerin, R. J., & Toland, M. D. (2020). An application of a modified theory of planned behavior model to investigate adolescents’ job safety knowledge, attitude and intention to enact workplace safety and health skills. Journal of Safety Research,72, 189-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2019.12.002 [SEM-IRT]
  • Toland, M. D., Sulis, I., Giambona, F., Porcu, M., & Campbell, J. M. (2017). Introduction to bifactor polytomous item response theory analysis. Journal of School Psychology, 60, 41-63. doi:10.1016/j.jsp.2016.11.001 [Bifactor IRT] Supplemental Files
  • Sulis, I., & Toland, M. D. (2017). Introduction to multilevel item response theory analysis: Descriptive and explanatory models. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 37, 85-128. doi:10.1177/0272431616642328 [Multilevel IRT]
  • Toland, M. D., & Usher, E. L. (2016). Assessing mathematics self-efficacy: How many categories do we really need? Journal of Early Adolescence, 36, 932-960. doi:10.1177/0272431615588952 [Rasch]


Last Updated: 6/27/22