Department of Environmental Sciences


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Main Campus
Wolfe Hall Suite 1235

2801 West Bancroft St.,
Mail Stop #604
Toledo, Ohio 43606-3390

Phone: 419.530.2009
Fax: 419.530.4421

Current Degree Requirements: Bachelor of Science in Environmental Sciences

 University Core and General Requirements
View these Requirements
Download Course Checklist (PDF)
New Public Health Concentration
For previous calendar year requirements, click here.
 Natural Science Courses (46 semester hours)
EEES 2010 Introduction to Environmental Studies 3
EEES 2100, 1020 Fundamentals of Geology, Geology Laboratory 4, 1
EEES 2150, 2160 Biodiversity, Biodiversity Laboratory 4, 1
EEES 3100 or
EEES 2400 or
EEES 4240
Surficial Processes
Soil Science
EEES 2500 Computer Applications in Environmental Science 1
EEES 2510 Advanced Computer Applications 2
EEES 3050, 3060 Fundamentals of Ecology, Ecology Laboratory 3, 1
EEES 3900 Environmental Science Readings and Communication 3
EEES 4970 Environmental Capstone 3
CHEM 1230, 1280 General Chemistry I, Chemistry I Laboratory 4, 1
CHEM 1240, 1290 General Chemistry II, Chemistry II Laboratory 4, 1
MATH 1750, 1760 Mathematics for the Life Sciences 4, 3
MATH 2640 Statistics for Biomedical and Environmental Science  3
 Social Science Courses (9 semester hours)
GEPL 3900 Environmental Planning 3
PSC 4340 Environmental Policy 3
ECON 3240 Natural Resources Economics 3
*PSC 4340, ECON 3240 and GEPL 3900, required for the ENSC degree, may be used to fulfill the 9-hour distributive requirement in this area.
 Humanities Course Requirement (3 semester hours)
PHIL 3180 Environmental Ethics 3
* PHIL 3180, required for the ENSC degree, may be counted toward the 15-hour distributive requirement in this area.
 Areas of Concentration

For the ENSC degree, all students must have an area of concentration in a Natural Science department.  For departments other than this one, the requirement is at least 21 hours of course work.  Most ENSC majors elect one of the two concentrations within the Department for their concentration (biology or geology), but a number of concentrations are available:

  I. Biology Concentration
In addition to the courses listed above, students electing this area of concentration take:
BIOL 2170, 2180 Fundamentals of Life Sciences with laboratory 5
And select at least three courses from the following:
EEES 4150 Evolution 3
EEES 4250 Soil Ecology 3
EEES 4510  Environmental Microbiology 3
EEES 4520 Bioremediation 3
EEES 4540  Microbial Ecology 3
EEES 4550 Methods of Microbial Investigation 3
EEES 4730 Aquatic Ecology 3
EEES 4750 Conservation Biology 3
EEES 4760 Landscape Ecology 3
EEES 4790 Ecology Field Trip 3 or 4
EEES 4980** Special Topics: Advanced Undergraduate 3 or 4
** Depends on content of special topics course and requires consent from departmental advisor
  II. Geology Concentration
In addition to the courses listed above, students electing this area of concentration take:
EEES 3210 Mineralogy/Petrology 3
EEES 3220 Sedimentary Petrology & Stratigraphy 3
EEES 3310 Structural Geology & Mapping 3
And at least two additional EEES geology courses at the 3000-4000 level:
EEES 4100 Glacial Geology 3
EEES 4200 Quaternary Geology 3
EEES 4240 Soil Science 3
EEES 4410 Hydrogeology 3
EEES 4450 Hazardous Waste Management 3
EEES 4610 Geophysics 3
EEES 4630 Numerical Methods in Geophysics 3
EEES 4980** Special Topics: Advanced Undergraduate 3-4
** Depends on content of special topics course and requires consent from departmental advisor
  III. Chemistry Concentration
In addition to the courses listed above, students electing this area of concentration take:
CHEM 2410 Organic Chemistry I
CHEM 2420 Organic Chemistry II
CHEM 3310 Analytical Chemistry
CHEM 3360 Analytical Chemistry Laboratory
And either:
CHEM 3510 Biochemistry I
EEES 4220 Environmental Geochemistry
  IV. Public Health Concentration

The concentration in Public Health requires the student to maintain an overall GPA of 3.0 or higher during the first two years of university study. The student normally will apply for admission into the 3+2 program at the end of the sophomore year (year 2).  In addition to the courses listed above, students electing this concentration take CHEM 2410 and 2460 (Organic Chemistry I, and lab) during the junior year (year 3) and take the following graduate courses at the University's Health Science Campus during their senior year (year 4): PUBH 6000 (Public Health Statistics) and PUBH 6010 (Public Health Epidemiology). Students will also take two other PUBH courses during their senior year, depending on their chosen PUBH track (Epidemiology, Environmental Health, or Occupational Health).  If students maintain a 3.0 average in these four courses and their overall GPA, students can use these 12 credits toward the Master of Public Health Degree and should be able to complete BOTH the BS in Environmental Science and the MPH degrees in 5 years.  Students interested in the Master of Science in Occupational Health degree rather than the MPH should also take PHYS 1750 (Introduction to Physics) as an undergraduate elective. 

 Other Concentrations

Other concentration tracks are also available, such as in Physics, Mathematics, or Astronomy; however, few students opt for these.


All students majoring in ENSC participate in environment-related projects with a government agency, University laboratory, private corporation, non-profit organization, or other approved sponsor.  This experience must last for at least 100 hours, and must be approved in advance by an Environmental Sciences advisor.  A written report on the internship is required.   Up to 3 hours of course credit may be granted for the internship by enrolling in EEES 4940 (internship); however, credits earned in this way may not be substituted for required courses in the area of concentration.  This requirement may be fulfilled at any time prior to graduation. Click here for internship guidelines and instructions for internship reports, and here for some ideas for internship opportunities.

 Exchange Program

Students with strong academic records may wish to participate in our exchange program with the University of Hertfordshire (England).  Participants spend their junior year studying at Hertfordshire. Courses taken there transfer back to Toledo, and students graduate on schedule. Hertfordshire is one of only twelve Environmental Science programs in the United Kingdom receiving a rating of "excellent" by their accrediting agency.

Last Updated: 5/7/18