College of Law

Evan Zoldan

Evan Zoldan

Professor of Law and Director of the legal institute of the great lakes

Office: LC 2007E
Campus Phone: 419.530.2864

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Evan C. Zoldan researches legislation, including legislative power, the legislative process, and statutory interpretation. His work on legislative power questions whether Congress and state legislatures may target named individuals for special treatment. His article on targeted legislation, The Equal Protection Component of Legislative Generality, was selected for presentation at the Yale / Stanford / Harvard Junior Faculty Forum at Yale Law School to represent the category of Constitutional Law: Theoretical Foundations. His work on legislation has been cited by both federal and state appellate courts and in briefs, treatises, and scholarly works. Professor Zoldan has appeared in the national media, including the Washington Post, CNN, and Bloomberg News. Professor Zoldan is a past chair of the Association of American Law Schools Section on Legislation and Law of the Political Process.

Professor Zoldan received his law degree, cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center, where he served as Notes & Articles Editor of Georgetown’s Law & Policy in International Business journal. He received his B.A., summa cum laude, from New York University, where he studied political philosophy. After law school, Professor Zoldan served as law clerk to judges on the United States Court of Federal Claims and the District of Columbia Court of Appeals. Before joining the faculty of Toledo Law, he worked as an associate at Kirkland & Ellis LLP and as a trial attorney for the United States Department of Justice.

Courses Taught

Administrative Law
Civil Procedure
Health Care Fraud and Abuse Litigation
Individual Rights in the Original Constitution: The Forgotten Bill of Rights
Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibiltiy


State and Local Government in Federal System (9th ed. 2020) (with Mandelker, Wegner et al)


The Right to an Individualized Hearing, U.C. Irvine Law Rev. (forthcoming 2023).

The Conversation Canon, Kentucky Law J. (forthcoming 2022).

Canon Spotting, 59 Hous. L. Rev. 621 (2022).

Delegation to Nonexperts, 169 U. Pa. L. Rev. Online 100 (2020).

The Vanishing Core of Judicial Independence, 21 Nev. L. J. 531 (2021).

Corpus Linguistics and the Dream of Objectivity, 50 Seton Hall L. Rev. 401 (2019).

Legislative Design and the Controllable Costs of Special Legislation, 78 Md. L. Rev. 415 (2019).

Is the Federal Judiciary Independent of Congress?, 70 Stan. L. Rev. Online 135 (2018).

The Klein Rule of Decision Puzzle and the Self-Dealing Solution, 74 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 2133 (2017).

The Equal Protection Component of Legislative Generality, 51 Richmond L. Rev. 489 (2017).

Bank Markazi and the Undervaluation of Legislative Generality, Yale L. & Pol’y Rev. Inter Alia (9/7/2016).

The Civil Ex Post Facto Clause, 2015 Wisc. L. Rev. 727 (2015).

Congressional Dysfunction, Public Opinion, and the Battle Over the Keystone XL Pipeline, 47 Loyola U. Chicago L. J. 617 (2015).

Reviving Legislative Generality, 98 Marquette L. Rev. 625 (2014).

Targeted Judicial Activism,16 Green Bag 2d 465 (2013).

The Permanent Seat of Government: An Unintended Consequence of Heightened Scrutiny Under the Contract Clause, 14 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol’y 163 (2011).

All Roar and No Bite: Lion Raisins and the Federal Circuit’s First Swipe at the NAFI Doctrine, 36 Pub. Con. L. J. 153 (2007).

The King is Dead, Long Live the King!: Sovereign Immunity and the Curious Case of Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentalities, 38 Conn. L. Rev. 455 (2006).

Strangers in a Strange Land: Domestic Subsidiaries of Foreign Corporations and the Ban on Political Contributions from Foreign Sources, 34 Law & Pol’y Int’l Bus. 573 (2003).

Last Updated: 3/1/23