Department of Environmental Sciences

Bachelor of Science in Biology - Ecology and Organismal

T Bridgeman and ecology studentsBiology - the study of life and living organisms - is the perfect foundational degree for a variety of careers. A degree in biology can prepare you for immediate employment in fields like conservation or zoology. It also can set you on the right track for medical school and other professional or graduate programs.

Students earning a B.S. in Biology with a concentration in Ecology and Organismal Biology (BIOM) from the Department of Environmental Sciences will:
    • focus on the ecology of animals, plants and microorganisms and their roles in the biosphere;
    • prepare for employment in life sciences fields, such as wildlife biology, freshwater biology, zoology, conservation biology and forestry:
    • develop skills to facilitate enrollment in graduate or veterinary school; and
    • prepare for licensure examinations for secondary-school science teachers.

What to expect when you graduate?

The B.S. degree provides an excellent basis for graduate work in environmental sciences, as well as a solid foundation for employment in public and private sectors. You'll go on to find a successful career in a profession such as climate change analyst; fish and game warden; park naturalist; science teacher; water resource specialist; wildlife biologist; or zoologist.

University Core and General Requirements:

General Degree Requirements
Sample 4-year Plan of Study and Course Checklist
For prior calendar year requirements, view past UToledo Catalogs

Admission Requirementsfor Direct-From-High-School and First-Time Freshman

The list below specifies the degree requirements for those students who entered the degree program in the fall of 2014 or later.  At all times, students are encouraged to consult their degree audit and their advisor.

Requirements Specific to B.S. Biology (BIOM) Major:

EEES 2150 Biodiversity 4
EEES 2160 Biodiversity Laboratory 1
BIOL 2170 Fundamentals of Life Sciences:Biomolecules, Cells and Inheritance 4
BIOL 3010 Molecular Genetics 3
BIOL 3030 Cell Biology 3
EEES 3050 Ecology 3
EEES 3060 Ecology Laboratory 1
EEES 3900 Literature and Communication in Environmental Science 3
EEES 4150 Evolution 3

Environmental Sciences Elective Courses (12 hours)

12 additional hours from DES elective courses, to include at least three advanced laboratory courses. The list below is a sample of available courses. Other courses may be substituted. Please contact the advisor.
EEES 3810 Science of Gardening  
EEES 4250 Soil Ecology  
EEES 4260 Soil Ecology Laboratory  
EEES 4510 Environmental Microbiology  
EEES 4540 Microbial Ecology  
EEES 4550 Methods of Microbial Investigation  
EEES 4730 Aquatic Ecology  
EEES 4740 Aquatic Ecology Laboratory  
EEES 4750 Conservation Biology  
EEES 4755 Conservation Biology Lab  
EEES 4760 Landscape Ecology  
EEES 4790 Ecology Field Study  
EEES 4910 Undergraduate Research  
EEES 4940 Internship  
EEES 4970 Environmental Capstone  
EEES 4980 Special Topics  

Additional Required Courses

MATH 1750 and 1760 Math for Life Sciences 7
MATH 2640 Statistics for Biomedical and Environmental Science 3
PHYS 2070 and 2080 General Physics I and II 10
CHEM 1230, 1240, 1280, 1290 General Chemistry 10
CHEM 2410, 2420, 2460 Organic Chemistry 7

College & University Requirements

1. Orientation (NSM1000) - 1 hour 

  • All new first-year students are required to take NSM1000. The course is optional for transfer students.

2.  English Composition I and II with a C or better.

3.  Distributive Requirements

  • Six semester hours of courses in the Humanities (choose from History, English above 2000, Foreign language above 2150, Music, Theatre, Art, Philosophy, Religion). 
  • Six semester hours in the Social Sciences (choose from Geography & Planning, Political Science, Communications, Sociology, Anthropology, Psychology, Economics)

4.  Multicultural Requirement

  • Pass at least one U.S. multicultural course and one non-Western multicultural course (see course list in the combined schedule of classes)

5.  WAC Requirement

  • Pass two WAC (writing-intensive) courses; one must be in the major field of study.  Biology majors will satisfy the major field WAC requirement by taking EEES 3900.

6.  Pass at least 64 hours of courses 2000 and above, of which at least 32 must be at the 3000 or 4000 level.

7.  Maintain at least a 2.0 grade point average overall, as well as in the major field.

8.  Pass at least 124 hours of non-developmental courses (e.g., Math 0910, 0950, 0980 and 0990 are developmental courses and do not count toward graduation; only 3 of the 5 credit hours for English 1100 count toward graduation)


For more information, contact:

Dr. Von Sigler, Advisor, B.S. Biology Program
Environmental Sciences Department, Mail Stop 604
The University of Toledo
Toledo, Ohio 43606

Phone:  (419) 530-2897 

Last Updated: 6/27/22