College of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences

Doctor of Pharmacy Degree Requirements

  • PharmD Ability Based Outcomes (ABO) - Learn more
  • Progression through the PharmD program at The University of Toledo - Learn more
  • PharmD Curriculum - Learn more

University of Toledo Pharm.D. Program Ability Based Outcomes (ABOs)

Domain 1 – Foundational Knowledge

1.1. Learner (Learner) - Develop, integrate, and apply knowledge from the foundational sciences (i.e., pharmaceutical, social/behavioral/administrative, basic biomedical sciences, and clinical sciences) to evaluate the scientific literature, explain drug action, solve therapeutic problems, and advance population health and patient centered care. 

Domain 2 – Essentials for Practice and Care

2.1. Patient-centered care (Caregiver) - Provide patient-centered care as the medication expert (collect and interpret evidence, prioritize, formulate assessments and recommendations, implement, monitor and adjust plans, and document activities).

2.2. Medication use systems management (Manager) - Manage patient healthcare needs using human, financial, technological, and physical resources to optimize the safety and efficacy of medication use systems.

2.3. Health and wellness (Promoter) - Design prevention, intervention, and educational strategies for individuals and communities to manage chronic disease and improve health and wellness.

2.4. Population-based care (Provider) - Describe how population-based care influences patient-centered care and influences the development of practice guidelines and evidence-based best practices. 

Domain 3 - Approach to Practice and Care

3.1. Problem Solving (Problem Solver) – Identify problems; explore and prioritize potential strategies; and design, implement, and evaluate a viable solution.

3.2. Educator (Educator) – Educate all audiences by determining the most effective and enduring ways to impart information and assess understanding.

3.3. Patient Advocacy (Advocate) - Assure that patients’ best interests are represented.

3.4. Interprofessional collaboration (Collaborator) – Actively participate and engage as a healthcare team member by demonstrating mutual respect, understanding, and values to meet patient care needs.

3.5. Cultural sensitivity (Includer) - Recognize social determinants of health to diminish disparities and inequities in access to quality care.

3.6. Communication (Communicator) – Effectively communicate verbally and nonverbally when interacting with an individual, group, or organization.

Domain 4 – Personal and Professional Development

4.1. Self-awareness (Self-aware) – Examine and reflect on personal knowledge, skills, abilities, beliefs, biases, motivation, and emotions that could enhance or limit personal and professional growth.

4.2. Leadership (Leader) - Demonstrate responsibility for creating and achieving shared goals, within a variety of roles. 

4.3. Innovation and Entrepreneurship (Innovator) - Engage in innovative activities by using creative thinking to envision better ways of accomplishing professional goals.

4.4. Professionalism (Professional) - Exhibit behaviors and values that are consistent with the trust given to the profession by patients, other healthcare providers, and society.

Progression through the Pharm.D. Program at The University of Toledo

Following admission to the professional division, students in the Pharm.D. program complete a B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences degree (P1 and P2 years) as the undergraduate portion of their education prior to matriculation to the graduate portion of the program (P3 and P4 years). A total of 136 semester hours are required for graduation with the Pharm.D. track B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences degree. Students who complete the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences at The University of Toledo with a GPA of at least 2.75 are eligible for matriculation to the graduate portion of the Pharm.D. program, provided that professional pharmacy standards and regulations are met. Eligible students may then matriculate into the graduate portion of the Pharm.D. degree.

A contingent matriculation decision for the graduate portion of the Pharm.D. program is made at the end of Fall P2 year. The final decision is contingent upon completion of the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences degree with a minimum GPA of 2.75. In order to graduate with the Doctor of Pharmacy degree, students must maintain a minimum of a 2.75 GPA with no grade lower than a C (2.0) in graduate courses, as required for all graduate students at The University of Toledo.

Only students in the Pharm.D. track of the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences degree program can eventually qualify for state board licensure in the practice of pharmacy. To qualify, the student also must complete the graduate portion of the Pharm.D. curriculum. According to the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education, the national accrediting board for pharmacy in the United States, all students graduating from any U.S. college of pharmacy after June 2004 who are seeking licensure will be required to hold the Pharm.D. degree.

Pharm.D. Curriculum

Last Updated: 10/9/23