Department of Environmental Sciences

Bachelor of Science in Environmental Sciences

UToledo is one of the region's first universities to offer an Environmental Sciences bachelor's degree. The program is designed for students who want to solve environmental problems through science and data. The NW Ohio region is a perfect place to study the environment. Its diverse ecosystems - wetlands, savannahs, woodlands - combined with its location near Lake Erie, and a large human population, make for an ideal natural laboratory.

UToledo's Environmental Sciences (ENSC) degree program takes a broad, interdisciplinary approach. The curriculum combines science with social science and humanities courses. Students also are required to choose an area of concentration to develop a deeper understanding of a specialized scientific field.

What to expect when you graduate?

A bachelor's degree in environmental sciences from UToledo will give you the scientific, critical thinking and communication skills you need for a successful career. Jobs in the field are growing faster than the national average.

Students have varied career opportunities and are hired by federal and state regulatory agencies; wildlife ranges and zoological parks; environmental consulting firms; state, county and city parks; state natural resource agencies; university and secondary schools; and nonprofit and non-government organizations (NGOs).

University Core and General Requirements:

General Degree Requirements
Sample 4-year Plan of Study and Course Checklist
For prior calendar year requirements, view past UToledo Catalogs

Admission Requirementsfor Direct-From-High-School and Fisrt-Time Freshman

natural Science Courses (46 CREDIT hours)

EEES 1020 and EEES 2100 Introductory Geology Lab and Fundamentals of Geology 1, 4
EEES 2020 Introduction to Environment: Energy & Climate 3
EEES 2030 Introduction to Environment: Land-Use & Water 3
EEES 2150 and EEES 2160 Biodiversity and Biodiversity Laboratory 4, 1
EEES 2500 Computer Applications in Environmental Sciences 1
EEES 2510 Advanced Computer Applications 2
EEES 2600 or
EEES 2760
Analytical Methods or
Field Methods
EEES 3050 and EEES 3060 General Ecology and General Ecology Lab 3, 1
EEES 3100 or
EEES 4240
Surficial Processes or
Soil Science
EEES 3900 Environmental Science Literature and Communication 3
EEES 4940 Internship 1
EEES 4960 Senior Seminar 1
EEES 4970 Environmental Capstone 3
EEES 4xxx Advanced Lab Course 1
CHEM 1230 and CHEM 1280 General Chemistry I and General Chemistry I Lab 4, 1
CHEM 1240 and CHEM 1290 General Chemistry II and General Chemistry II Lab 4, 1
MATH 1750 and MATH 1760
MATH 1850 and MATH 1860
Calculus for Life Sciences I and Calculus for Life Sciences II
Single Variable Calculus I and Single Variable Calculus II
4, 3

4, 3
MATH 2640 Statistics for Applied Science  3

Social Science / Humanities Courses (12 CREDIT hours) 

SOCIAL SCIENCE GROUP (select at least one to count towards the 12 total hours required)   
GEPL 3900 Environmental Planning 3
PSC 4340 Environmental Policy 3
ECON 3240 Environmental Economics 3
ECON 3270 Natural Resource Economics 3
HUMANITIES GROUP (select at least one to count towards the 12 total hours required)   
PHIL 3180 Environmental Ethics 3
REL 2980 Religion and the Environment 3
PJS 2500 Peace Education 3


  • All students majoring in ENSC participate in environment-related projects with a government agency, university laboratory, private corporation, non-profit organization or other approved sponsor. 
  • This experience must last for at least 100-hours and must be approved in advance by the internship coordinator, Dr. Sigler.  A written report on the internship is required.  
  • Up to 3 hours of course credit may be granted for the internship by enrolling in EEES 4940 (internship); however, credits earned in this way may not be substituted for required courses in the area of concentration. 
  • This requirement may be fulfilled at any time prior to graduation.
  • Click here for internship guidelines and instructions for internship reports, and here for some ideas for internship opportunities.

Areas of Concentration:

All Environmental Science students must have an area of concentration which includes at least 18 credit hours of course work in the concentration. Most ENSC majors elect one of the two concentrations within DES for their concentration (biology or geology), but a number of concentrations are available:

Biology Concentration

BIOL 2170 and BIOL 2180 Fundamentals of Life Science Cells and Laboratory 4, 1
EEES 4150 Evolution 3
Select at least three courses from the following:
EEES 3810 Science of Gardening 3
EEES 4250 Soil Ecology 3
EEES 4350 Ecology and Conservation of Reptiles and Amphibians 3
EEES 4480 GIS Applications in Environmental Science 3
EEES 4490 Remote Sensing of the Environment 3
EEES 4730 Aquatic Ecology 3
EEES 4750 Conservation Biology 3
EEES 4760 Landscape Ecology 3
EEES 4790 Ecology Field Trip 3 or 4
EEES 4980* Special Topics: Advanced Undergraduate 3 or 4
EEES 4910* Directed Research 3 or 4
*Depends on content of special topic course and requires approval from departmental advisor.   

Geology Concentration  

EEES 3210 Mineralogy and Petrology 4
EEES 3220 Sedimentary Petrology and Stratigraphy 3
EEES 3310 Field Methods: Structural Geology and Mapping 3
Select at least three additional EEES geology courses at the 3000-4000 level:  
EEES 3100** Surficial Processes 3
EEES 4100 Glacial Geology 3
EEES 4200 Quaternary Geology 3
EEES 4220 Environmental Geochemistry 3
EEES 4240** Soil Science 3
EEES 4410 Hydrogeology 3
EEES 4450 Hazardous Waste Management 3
EEES 4480** GIS Applications in Environmental Science 3
EEES 4490** Remote Sensing of the Environment 4
EEES 4610 Geophysics 3
EEES 4630 Numerical Methods in Geophysics 3
EEES 4650 Geology Field Course 3
EEES 4920 Senior Geology Seminar 2
EEES 4980* Special Topics: Advanced Undergraduate 3-4
* Depends on content of special topics course and approval from the departmental advisor.
**Depends on special topics of course and approval from the departmental advisor.

Chemistry Concentration

CHEM 2410 Organic Chemistry I 3
CHEM 2420 Organic Chemistry II 3
CHEM 3310 Analytical Chemistry 2
CHEM 3360 Analytical Chemistry Lab 2
EEES 4450 Hazardous Waste Management 3
Select two of the following:  
CHEM 3810** Chemistry of Sustainable Resources 3
CHEM 4200** Green Chemistry 3
CHEM 4210 Environmental Chemistry 3
CHEM 3510 Biochemistry I 3
EEES 4220 Environmental Geochemistry 3
**Only one of each of the following pairs of courses can be taken for concentration credit:
EEES 3100 and 4240
EEES 4480 and 4490
CHEM 3810 and 4200
EEES 2015 and 2200

Other Concentrations

Tracks such as physics, mathematics or astronomy are also available. If interested, contact your advisor.

Study Abroad Exchange Programs

Students with strong academic records may wish to participate in an exchange program with either the University of Hertfordshire (England) or with the University of Salford (England) by spending their junior year studying abroad.

Courses taken while studying abroad transfer to UToledo and students graduate according to schedule. Hertfordshire is one of only twelve Environmental Science programs in the United Kingdom receiving a rating of "excellent" by its accrediting agency.

Last Updated: 9/11/20