Center for International Studies and Programs

International Institutional Affiliations Guidelines & Templates

BuildingThe University of Toledo is engaged in a variety of international activities across the globe.

For UT faculty, colleges and their departments, international collaboration brings challenges in developing and managing international partnership agreements. CISP provides the guidelines and support to UT faculty and staff for moving to the collaborative partnership conceptualization stage of developing a MOA.

Generally, after visiting a partner’s campus, collaborating on research projects or other academic pursuits, the initiator will request a non-binding “Cooperative Memorandum of Understanding”.  Following a CMOU a MOA is written to define formal relationships between departments, colleges and academic units.

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Definitions and Templates

International academic linkage agreements (CMOU and MOA), should be considered when a document is needed to provide a formal framework which may benefit collaborative work processes. Formal linkage documents are signed by counterparts at collaborating institutions and validated for a predetermined period of time after which the linkage will be evaluated and then renewed, reformulated, or terminated. All agreements, whether contractual or not, have to be reviewed and approved by the Director of Partnerships before they are signed by University officials.

Cooperative Memorandum of Understanding (CMOU)

The Cooperative Memorandum of Understanding expresses an interest in establishing an academic linkage with another organization to promote academic collaboration. Many university academic departments may propose to start an international relationship with a Cooperative Memorandum of Understanding. In a CMOU, both organizations mutually intend to establish ties of friendship and cooperation for promoting mutual understanding and academic, cultural, and personnel exchange.

The CMOU does not create any legal or financial relationship between the parties. A department head or dean may sign a CMOU on behalf of his/her department or college. Please send a signed copy of the Cooperative Memorandum of Understanding to the Director of Partnerships, within the Center for International Studies and Programs via email to (subject line "Cooperative Memorandum of Understanding"). 

Memorandum of Agreement (MOA)

Formal documents that outline broader areas of cooperation. The Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) is a formal document that outlines broader areas of cooperation and adheres to a more detailed review process than a Cooperative Memorandum of Understanding.  The MOA serves to articulate and clarify the respective interests, roles and obligations of the collaborating institutions. It is a formal testimony to the history of an established relationship between two institutions.

The MOA should detail in-depth arrangements and outline a disciplinary focus.  An MOA is generally intended to support specific activities.

MOA Development Process

If you are interested in establishing an MOA with another university, please contact,who can advise you regarding the drafting and review process.

Last Updated: 2/18/20