Orthopaedic Biomechanics


Spine: In the area of the spine, the primary investigators are Drs. Vijay Goel, Anand Agarwal, Ali Kiapour, Boren Lin, Hossein Elgafy and Nabil Ebraheim. Over the years, we have recruited additional post-docs and graduate students. We also seek help from other faculty on and off campus. With their support we have secured substantial funding from industry, NIH, NSF and the State of Ohio under its Third Frontier Program (e.g., the Ohio Research Scholar Program and Innovation Platform program grant for the spinal implant design and development -- bench type tests, cadaver tests, finite element modeling, product development, to assist industry), in vivo animal investigations, etc.  As stated elsewhere on the E-CORE website, the team has developed a number of concepts that have been licensed to several companies, like Spinal Balance, Inc. and OsteoNovus, Inc.  We are strategically located next to a world-renowned medical research organization, (NAMSA, Toledo, Ohio). Likewise, Hammill Manufacturing Inc., also located in Maumee, Ohio, manufactures orthopaedic implants, including spinal implants, for a large number of companies. The Center for Disruptive Musculoskeletal Innovations (CDMI) was founded by Drs. Jeffrey Lotz, University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) and Vijay Goel, University of Toledo (UT) July, 2014 through the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) program. This center is one of only four I/UCRCs in the area of health and safety. It joins industry members and faculty from the University of Toledo and UCSF to define and fund industry-inspired, precompetitive research projects and other collaborative initiatives. The CDMI maintains itself as a primary source for fundamental research on clinical outcomes and cost data, implant materials, tissue engineering, biosensors, implant testing protocols, and novel imaging in the musculoskeletal domain.

Knee: This is another most researched area at the University of Toledo. For the last 20+ years, Dr. Mohamed S. Hefzy has been investigating the knee mechanics (in vitro testing, modeling, etc.). We also have an ongoing NIH Grant, entitled; Multi-faceted Approach to Modeling ACL Injury Mechanisms that is in collaboration with the Mayo Clinic, Dr. Tim Hewett.

Orthopaedic Biomechanics (Joint Mechanics and Injury Mechanics)
Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
Bone Biology 
Clinical Evaluation (retrospective and prospective clinical studies)
Assistive Technologies
Ongoing Projects

Last Updated: 6/27/22