The Ward M. Canaday Center

for Special Collections

The University of Toledo

Finding Aid

Ward M. Canaday Collection, 1902-1991

MSS-072

Size: 1 lin. Ft.

Provenance: The majority of the materials in the Ward Canaday Collection were donated by Mr. Canaday’s daughter, Doreen Damaris Canaday Spitzer.  Other items such as publications and memorabilia relating to Mr. Canaday or Overland were given by Ralph D. Meeks as a member of the Willys-Overland Knight Registry, Inc.  The Christmas broadside was donated by Mary Gillham, and Willys-Overland Company advertisements were given to the Center by Paul Rieger.

Access: Open

Collection Summary: Chairman of the Board, Willys-Overland Motors, Inc. (1885-1976)
Collection centers on Canaday and the development of the Willys-Overland Jeep, as well as Canaday's connections with the University of Toledo and the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, Greece. Some biographical material relates to Ward's wife, Miriam Coffin Canaday; their daughter, Doreen Damaris Canaday Spitzer; and her husband, Lyman Spitzer, Jr.

Subjects: Business and Commerce, Civic Interests

Related Collections: 

Copyright: The literary rights to this collection are assumed to rest with the person(s) responsible for the production of the particular items within the collection, or with their heirs or assigns.  Researchers bear full legal responsibility for the acquisition to publish from any part of said collection per Title 17, United States Code.  The Ward M. Canaday Center for Special Collections may reserve the right to intervene as intermediary at its own discretion.

Completed by: Barbara A. Shirk, May 1991

Reformatted by: Arjun Sabharwal, January 2010; last updated: June, 2014.

Introduction

 

            This collection centers primarily on Ward M. Canaday, a Toledo community leader and chairman of the Board of Willys-Overland Motors, Inc.  It contains personal information on Mr. Canaday as well as information on Willys-Overland with much emphasis on the development of the Jeep.  It also shows his connection with the University of Toledo and the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, Greece.

            In addition, there are biographies and papers relating to other members of the Canaday family; namely, his wife, Mariam Coffin Canaday; their daughter, Doreen Damaris Canaday Spitzer; and her husband, Lyman Spitzer, Jr.  Also included is information relating to Mr. Canaday's brother, Frank; and Frank’s wife, Molly Morpeth Canaday.

            Anyone doing research in the areas of business administration, automobiles, University of Toledo and City of Toledo history, astronomy, and nuclear engineering would find this collection of interest.

            No restrictions have been placed on the use of this collection.

 

Scope and Content Note

            The Ward M. Canaday Collection focuses on Mr. Canaday and the activities associated with his role as businessman and leader in civic enterprises in the United States and abroad.  The material in this collection is divided into nine sections which deal mainly with Mr. Canaday personally and Willys-Overland Motors, Inc.  Included is information on some of the Canaday family members; however the portion relating to Mr. Canaday is the most extensive.

            The first section of the collection deals with Mr. Canaday’s speeches; photographs, which date from childhood to his 90th birthday; clippings on his obituary, as well as personal clippings (1949-1976), and clippings relating to Mr. Canaday and Willys-Overland (1934-1976).  A great portion of this section shows his strong connection with the University of Toledo; particularly with his dedication of the William S. Carlson Library in 1973 and his affiliation with the Friends of the University Libraries.  (The Ward M. Canaday Center of the Library was dedicated to him on September 25, 1979.)  He also paved the way for the construction of the Engineering Science Building in 1960 and the establishment of a nuclear engineering department there.  In addition to the University of Toledo, Mr. Canaday was committed to the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Greece where he served as Trustee and President for several years.  As the papers indicate, he was instrumental in acquiring funds for completion of the Agora excavations and the reconstruction of the Stoa of Attalos (digging, landscaping, building of a museum, etc.); and on April 1, 1983, Gennadeion West House, the residence of the director of the American School, was renamed Canaday House in memory of Mr. Canaday.  Also among the items in this section are honors, citations and gifts to Ward Canaday that can be found under “Artifacts.”  One of these came from Chinese President, Chiang Kai-Shek, in 1947 as a thank you for wartime training in technical methods of production; another is a chrome-plated forty millimeter anti-aircraft projectile inscribed to him by Wilson Foundry and Machine Co.

            The second section of the collection is devoted to Ward Canaday’s wife, Mariam and contains primarily clippings (1971-1975) and news items relating to the many organizations to which she belonged; a few of which were the American Association of University Women, The Women’s League of Toledo Symphony Orchestra and Toledo Opera Association, Women’s Auxiliary of Riverside Hospital, etc.  She attended Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania and was a member of The Friends of the Library and Friends of Music there.  Some of the items in the collection refer to the College library which was named the Mariam Coffin Canaday Library.  Included also is a program for the dedication of the Mariam  C. Canaday Medical Arts Building at Riverside Hospital in Toledo; her obituary, and correspondence, etc.

            The third section is composed of personal material that relates to Ward and Mariam Canaday as a couple.  For example, there are photographs taken on trips and social occasions; Christmas cards sent and received by the Canadays, including a framed church scene from Ward and Mariam; and clippings, some of which refer to their Inlands (Toledo) home and some which refer to Annaly, their Virgin Islands Estate.

            The fourth and fifth sections of the collection refer to Ward and Mariam’s daughter, Doreen, and her husband, Lyman Spitzer, Jr.  There is correspondence referring to Doreen’s honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from the University of Toledo and the Doreen Canaday Spitzer Fellowship, etc.  There are also clippings (1939-1983) and book reviews of Doreen’s biography of the Canadays, By One and One.

            There are also clippings which chronicle the work of Doreen’s husband, Lyman Spitzer, Jr., world-famous Princeton University astronomer and researcher.

            The sixth and seventh sections relate to Ward Canaday’s brother, Frank, and Frank’s wife, Molly.  Researchers will find a great deal of information on Frank, Molly, Ward, other family members, as well as Willys-Overland Motors in the Frank Canaday Papers (Collection No. 031).  There is a list of items found in scrapbook No. l of Collection No. 031 in this sixth section of the Ward M. Canaday Collection.  The scrapbook contains personal correspondence and photographs.

            The eighth portion of the Ward Canaday Collection deals with Willys-Overland Motors with emphasis on the Jeep which Ward Canaday was credited with developing and building during World War II.  The collection contains clippings and photographs of the Jeep as well as photographs, ad proofs, slides, negatives, and two original watercolor paintings in the “Jeep at War” series of paintings done by illustrator, James M. Sessions.  There are also auto ads in the Willys-Overland” section which include a framed, pencil-drawn Willys ad by John Taylor Arms and publications that refer to the operation, care, and parts for the Aero, Overland, Knight, and Whippet autos.  Included are clippings, photos, floor plans, etc. relating to the Jeep Administration Building which was demolished in 1979 and a World War II History of the plant (1941-1954) and a plot plan layout.

            The final section (Miscellaneous) contains primarily clippings on Greece’s royal family (1961-1966) and a book given to Ward Canaday by the author entitled, An Analysis of Plutonium Recycle in a Gas-Cooled Graphite-Moderated Reactor.

            A bibliography listing publications which are located in The Canaday Center is attached to this finding aid.

Folder List

 

Box

Folder

    Description

1

Ward Murphey Canaday

1

Biography

2

Correspondence, 1909-1917

 3*

Advertisements (Hoosier Kitchen Cabinet Co.),

n.d.

4

Programs, 1917

5

Speeches, 1949-1963

6

Reunion Anniversary Reports, Secretary’s Report, and

Alumni Bulletin  (Harvard Class of 1907),

1913-1942

7

Toledo Social Register, 1928

8

Chronological Lists of Events and Articles in

Toledo Blade  and New York Times,

1934-1979

Clippings

9

New York Times - “Canaday-Willys”

1909-1956

10

Toledo Blade - “Canaday/Willys”

1936-1976

11

Personal, 1949-1976

The University of Toledo

12*

The Friends of the University Libraries

(Miss Emch), 1942-1979

13

Engineering-Science Building, 1955-1960

14

Affiliations, 1963

15

William S. Carlson Library

Dedication, 1970-1973

The Ward M. Canaday Center

16

Dedication, 1977-1984

17

Book Collector’s Corner, 1978-1982

18

Bookplate, 1979

19

Collections , 1980-1983

20

American School of Classical Studies,

Athens, Greece, 1964-1984

21

Photographs

22

Drawing of Ward M. Canaday, n.d.

23

Ninety-fifth Birthday Celebration, December 8, 1980,

1975-1980

24^

Artifacts

25

Obituary, 1976

Mariam Louise Coffin Canaday

26

Biography

27

Association of Collegiate Alumnae

and American Association

of University Women, 1917-1924

28

Correspondence, 1970

29

Clippings, 1971-1975

30

Mariam Coffin Canaday Library

Bryn Mawr, 1970-1975

31

Obituary, 1974-1975

32

Memorial Book, 1975

33

Medical Arts Building, Riverside Hospital,

Toledo, 1976

Ward and Mariam Canaday

34

Correspondence (Personal), 1960-1967

Clippings

35

1970-1971

36

Residence:  Inlands (Toledo) 1972-1977

37

Residence:  Annaly (Virgin Islands Estate),

##

38

Photographs

Christmas Cards

39^

Sent by the Canadays

40

Received by the Canadays

Doreen Damaris Canaday Spitzer

41

Biography

42

Correspondence, 1979-1987

43

Clippings, 1939-1983

44

Book Reviews of By One and One

(Biography of the Canadays by Doreen Canaday Spitzer),

1985-1986

Lyman Spitzer, Jr.

45

Biography

46*

Work In Astronomy and Related Newspaper Articles,

1947-1990

Frank Harrison Canaday

47

Biography

48

Description of Scrapbook No. l,

 1913-1919

49

Address at the Jubilee Celebration of Levin District

High School, 1940 (by Robert Pope)

Molly Morpeth Canaday

50

Biography

The Willys-Overland Company/Willys-Overland Motors, Inc.

“The Jeep”

51*

Clippings and Photographs, 1945-1991

52^

Videos (2) -History of Jeep and 50th Anniversary Jeep

53

“Jeep at War” Series

Photographs and Negatives (23)

54*^

Ad Proofs (23) and Paintings (2)^

55

Slides (23)

56

Sessions, James M., Illustrator, (Biography, etc.)

57

Jeep - Family of Four-Wheel Vehicles in Public Service 

Ad Brochure, 1956

58

“Salute to a Steel Soldier:  The Jeep”

(WTOL - TV’s Documentary on the Jeep) ,

May 23, 1964

59

Jeep Administration Building

Floor Plan

60

Clippings

(Destruction of the Building), 1979

61

Photographs

Destruction of the Building, 1979

62*

Overland Auto and Truck Ads, 1913-1916

63*

Willys Auto Ads, 1936-1937

64*

Aero Willys Ads, 1953

Publications

65

Econorama (Booklet),  1948

66

“Directions for the Operation, Care and

Adjustment of Overland

Automobiles” (Booklet), 1915

(The Willys-Overland Company/Willys-Overland Motors, Inc.)

(Publications)

67

Publications for Vehicles and Parts, 1902-1970

68

“The Superior Whippet Six Model 98-A

Preliminary Parts List “(Booklet ), 1928

69

“Willys-Knight Parts List - Model 70-70a”

(Booklet), 1927

79

The Willys War News, Vol. 3, No. 3, May 19, 1945

70

The Knight-Overland Starter Magazine, March 1979, No. 67

71

World War II History, 1941-1954

Clippings

72*

Willys-Overland Knight-Registry (WOKR), 1970-1974

73

Plot Plan Layout, 1947

Miscellaneous

74^

Their Majesties The King and Queen of the

Helene’s Visit  - Toledo, Ohio,

November 5, 1953 (Photo Scrapbook)

75

Juan Carlos and Sophia de Bourbon, 1961-1962

76

Queen Frederika of Greece, 1966

77

An Analysis of Plutonium Recycle in a

Gas-Cooled Graphite-Moderated Reactor

78

General

 

 

Legend

*=oversize cabinet, drawer 2

^=oversize area

**=locked cabinet