Management of Non-Profit Organizations

PSC 4410-5410, Summer II, 2002, Prof. Davis


Syllabus and roster of students. The textbook is The Jossey-Bass Handbook of Nonprofit Leadership and Management edited by Robert D. Herman.


Introduction: Non-profit organizations span the range from large like the United Way and the small like a battered women's shelter. While the course concentrates on social service agencies, it also covers political organizations like Amnesty International and Greenpeace. Others are service clubs like Rotary, Lions and the Exchange Club (which has its national headquarters in Toledo a mile north of the University). A continuum from government agencies through nonprofit to for profit.  Most nonprofits are exempt from taxes under provisions of  Section 501 (c) (3) of the internal revenue code.


History: Hieroglyphics in tombs dated at 2600 BC show Egyptians donated to charities. The Hebrews tithed for the poor in 1300 BC. Historians believe the first charities not limited to kinship or tribe was Christian orphanage about AD 200 in Rome. Churches continue to take the lead: Catholic, Baptist, Presbyterian, Episcopal, and Jewish. The YMCA began in 1844 in London. A Swiss founded the Red Cross in 1863 after witnessing soldiers dying and suffering after a battle during the Prussian Austrian War. The symbol is the Swiss flag with its colors reversed. Clara Barton established the American Red Cross. The international headquarters  remains in Geneva. The Toledo Chapter.  Benjamin Franklin established many organizations in Philadelphia.  Turn of the century Protestants advocated the Social Gospel.  Hymns and songs were important to their history.  Notes on organization and on interest group and elite theories.  Examples of policy issues.


Types: Medical: Many non-profits concentrate on a disease like Epilepsy (national and Toledo), Cancer, Lung diseases and Diabetes. Hospitals such as Toledo or St. Vincent  are often non-profit.
Arts: The Toledo Museum of Art and the Symphony . Music from Interlochen and Chautauqua.
Environment: The Sierra Club, Save the Dunes and the NRDC.
Cemeteries:  Woodlawn
Unions and professional associations: The AFL-CIO at the national and Ohio levels.  The American Political Science Association and the American Society for Public Administration


Social Action:   Goodwill Industries, Inc. (national and local), Lott Industries, Habitat for Humanity. Many non-profits provide services for the government on a contract basis: Catholic Charities (national and local), the National Adoption Center, and Boysville (which manages St. Anthony Villa). The Junior League was established a century ago so wealthy women could improve their city instead of wasting their time on social events.  The Church World Service operates overseas.

Neighborhood organizations in Cleveland,  New York (Hell's Kitchen) and Chicago (Hull House).   Community organizing. Historic preservation information and sites in Indiana and Michigan


Fundraising: The national government is the richest source of grants. The departments of Housing and Urban Affairs and Health and Human Services.

Wealthy private foundations are the Carnegie Corporation, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the Ford Foundation, Pew Charitable Trusts, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The Foundation Center lists many more.

Fund raising consultants from Montana, South Carolina, and Washington state. The National Society of Fund Raising Executives.


Links outside the University from the Chronicle of Philanthropy, the Council on Foundations, the Foundation Center and the Independent Sector.


Links within the University
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Last Updated: 6/17/14