College of Law

Academics

/

Contact Us

Law Academic Affairs Office

Office Address:

Law Center
1825 W. Rocket Dr., Ste. 2000
Mailing Address:
2801 W. Bancroft, MS 507
Toledo, OH 43606

419.530.4107

Geoffrey.Rapp@utoledo.edu

J.D./M.D. Program


Apply   Visit   Request Info

The Juris Doctor (J.D.)/Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) joint degree program (J.D./M.D. Program or Program) offers graduate students the opportunity to earn two graduate degrees evidencing the completion of the curriculum for the J.D. degree from the College of Law and the M.D. degree from the College of Medicine and Life Sciences (College of Medicine), in an accelerated period of study, generally six years.

The Program is aimed at students who wish to combine medical and legal expertise in their careers. Many graduates are expected to assume leadership positions in governmental and private organizations concerned with healthcare policy and healthcare systems, but graduates will be fully qualified to pursue more traditional career paths in law and/or medicine should they choose to do so.

Prospective students will apply for admission to both the College of Law and the College of Medicine and must meet the admission requirements for both programs.

Once admitted, students will follow a course of study that will involve alternating years in the two colleges with summers generally reserved for electives, law or medicine-related employment, supervised research, or study for the United States Medical Licensing Exam or a state bar examination. The final year will include one semester in each college.

Students will normally receive the J.D. and M.D. degrees in separate ceremonies during the spring of their sixth year of study.

Description of the Curriculum

The J.D./M.D. Program leads to two degrees. The J.D. degree is awarded by the College of Law and the M.D. degree is awarded by the College of Medicine.

Juris Doctor Degree

The College of Law requires the successful completion of 89 credit hours for the J.D. degree. Students in the J.D./M.D. Program may apply up to 13 credit hours of courses completed in the College of Medicine toward satisfaction of the 89-hour requirement. In order for a College of Medicine course to qualify for credit toward the J.D. degree, the student must earn a grade of Pass or better.

Doctor of Medicine Degree

Students in the J.D./M.D. Program may apply up to 13 credit hours of upper-level College of Law courses toward the credit requirements for the M.D. program in the College of Medicine. In order for a College of Law course to qualify for credit toward the M.D. degree, the student must earn a grade of C (2.0) or better.

A committee, in conjunction with the Associate Deans from both colleges, will determine which courses can be cross-counted.

Admissions

Students seeking admission to the J.D./M.D. Program will undergo the standard admission procedures for both the J.D. and M.D. programs. This will involve separate applications to the College of Law and the College of Medicine. However, the application forms for each program will include a section that the applicant may endorse to indicate that he or she intends to enroll in the J.D./M.D. Program.

The applicant must meet all standard requirements for the J.D. and M.D. programs. 

For the College of Medicine, the basic application procedures include: 1) application to the American Medical College Application Service (AMCAS), 2) application to the College of Medicine, 3) completion of the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) within the preceding three years, and 4) three letters of recommendation from current or former professors, supervisors, or other individuals who are familiar with the applicant and can evaluate his or her potential for successfully completing the M.D. program. In addition, applicants who pass the first stage of the admissions process are invited for an on-site interview with selected faculty members and students.

The basic application procedures for the College of Law include: 1) application to the Law School Admission Council (LSAC), 2) application to the College of Law, 3) completion of the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) within the preceding three years, and 4) at least two letters of recommendation from former or current professors, supervisors, or other individuals who are familiar with the applicant and can evaluate his or her potential for successfully completing the J.D. program. The student may use some or all of the same recommenders for application to the College of Law as he or she used for the College of Medicine application, assuming they can attest to the student’s ability to complete a J.D., as well as a M.D. program.

After a student has been admitted to both programs, the student will be asked to formally declare his or her intention to complete the J.D./M.D. Program and will be expected to follow the course of study described below.

If a student is admitted to one but not both programs, the student may choose to enter the program he or she has been admitted to and complete the normal course of study for that program. In select cases, students who have been admitted to one but not both programs may be allowed to re-apply to the program they were not admitted to during their first two years of study.

Alternative Courses of Study

The program has two alternative courses of study. 

Alternative #1: In the first alternative, students begin by completing their preclinical courses in medicine for the first two academic years, followed by law core courses during the third year. Students complete their upper level and elective law courses during the fourth academic year. During the fourth year, students also complete the Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students elective. Required clerkships in Medicine must be completed during the fifth year. The sixth and final year would include a combination of elective medical clerkships and upper law courses and legal clinics. Summers are used to complete both medical and law electives and to complete the USMLE exams. 

Year
Fall
Spring
Summer
1 Medicine – Preclinical Curriculum Medicine – Preclinical Curriculum *
2 Medicine – Preclinical Curriculum Medicine – Preclinical Curriculum USMLE Step 1

 

3 Law – Basic (Required) Courses

 

Law – Basic (Required) Courses

 

*

Medicine – Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students1

4 Law – Standard Program Courses, Advanced Courses, Clinics and Trial Practice

Medicine – Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students1

Law – Standard Program Courses, Advanced Courses, Clinics and Trial Practice

Medicine – Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students1

Medicine – Bridge Course and Required Clerkships
5 Medicine – Required Clerkships Medicine – Required Clerkships USMLE Step 2 CK and CS

Medicine – Required/Elective Clerkships

6

Medicine – Elective Clerkships, Residency Interviews Law – Standard Program Courses, Advanced Courses, Clinics and Trial Practice

Medicine – Residency Interviews

M.D./J.D. Graduation

Bar Exam Review

Begin Residency

1 Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students elective = 160 hours over one year (MS4 Credit)
* Medicine/law electives or summer experiences

Alternative #2: Students who elect the second alternative will complete their core law courses during their first year of study, and then complete their preclinical medical courses during years two and three and their advanced law classes during year four. During the fourth year, students also will complete the Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students elective. They must then complete their required clerkships during the fifth year. As in the first alternative, the final year would include a combination of elective medical clerkships and upper law courses and legal clinics. 

Year
Fall
Spring
Summer
1 Law – Basic (Required) Courses Law – Basic (Required) Courses *
2 Medicine – Preclinical Curriculum Medicine – Preclinical Curriculum *
3 Medicine – Preclinical Curriculum Medicine – Preclinical Curriculum USMLE Step 1

Medicine – Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students1

4 Law – Standard Program Courses, Advanced Courses, Clinics and Trial Practice

Medicine – Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students1

Law – Standard Program Courses, Advanced Courses, Clinics and Trial Practice

Medicine – Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students1

Medicine – Bridge Course and Required Clerkships
5 Medicine – Required Clerkships Medicine – Required Clerkships USMLE Step 2 CK and CS

Medicine – Required/Elective Clerkships

6 Medicine – Elective Clerkships, Residency Interviews Law – Standard Program Courses, Advanced Courses, Clinics and Trial Practice

Medicine – Residency Interviews

M.D./J.D. Graduation

Bar Exam Review

Begin Residency

1 Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students elective = 160 hours over one year (MS4 Credit)
* Medicine/law electives or summer experiences

We recognize that it may be necessary for some students to vary from the standard course of study in order to complete their degrees. Students may apply for variations from the standard course of study with approval through the usual mechanisms in the College of Law and the College of Medicine. If the variation the student wishes to pursue only affects his or her course of study in one college, approval from only that college will be necessary. Variations that affect the course of study in both colleges will require approval of advisors from both colleges.

Advising

Each student in the J.D./M.D. Program will be appointed a pair of advisors, one in the College of Law and one in the College of Medicine. The advisors will assist the student in developing his or her plan of study.

Tuition

Tuition will be computed on a semester-by-semester basis. The usual charges for enrollment in the College of Law and the College of Medicine will apply.  For example, in the first alternative course of study described above, tuition during the first two years will be based on College of Medicine tuition, and during years three and four tuition will be based on College of Law tuition.

Tuition during the summer will be based on course content. If a student takes courses in both colleges in any given semester, they will be charged the higher tuition for all credits taken. Participation in the Clinical Training for M.D./J.D. Students elective during the time that the student is taking law classes will be exempted from this rule (i.e., it will not require the student to pay College of Medicine tuition during those semesters).

Graduation

Graduates of the J.D./M.D. Program will attend separate graduation ceremonies at the end of their sixth year of study to receive their J.D. and M.D. diplomas.  However, they will be recognized as having successfully completed the J.D./M.D. Program at both graduation ceremonies. 

Bar Exam and Medical Residencies

Students who wish to be licensed to practice law will usually take the bar exam in their preferred state in late July following graduation from law school. Most, if not all, students graduating from the J.D./M.D. Program will also be starting their chosen medical residency at the beginning of the July following graduation. 

It may be possible for some students to negotiate time off to take the bar exam in the first month of their residency, but this is not likely to be allowed in many residencies. Students in other J.D./M.D. programs have dealt with this potential conflict in different ways, including postponing the bar exam until they have located in the state in which they are completing their medical residency. Some students do not plan to engage in the practice of law and choose not to take the bar exam.

Students in the J.D./M.D. Program will be advised of the potential conflict between the date of the bar exam and the start of their medical residency as early as possible so that they can consider alternative courses of action. In addition, students will be forewarned that the length of time between their basic law courses and the bar exam will be longer than usual and as a result they may wish to begin their review of the basic law subjects earlier than other law students.

Awarding of Degrees and Credit

A student enrolled in the J.D./M.D. Program will not receive either the J.D. degree or the M.D. degree until they have met the requirements of both programs. A student can choose to withdraw from the Program, in which case he or she can earn the degree for which he or she has met the requirements. However, students who do not successfully complete both the J.D. and M.D. programs will not receive full credit for cross-counting of courses.

In addition, degrees must be awarded within time limits established by the College of Law and the College of Medicine.

Under American Bar Association guidelines, courses in the College of Medicine must be taken after a student’s initial enrollment in the College of Law to be eligible for credit toward the J.D. degree.

For more information, please contact:

College of Law
Geoffrey Rapp
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor of Law
419.530.2856
Geoffrey.Rapp@utoledo.edu

Elizabeth McCuskey
Assistant Professor of Law and Co-Director of Joint J.D./M.D. Program
419.530.2879
Elizabeth.McCuskey@utoledo.edu

 

College of Medicine and Life Sciences
Mary R. Smith
Associate Dean for Clinical Undergraduate Medical Education
419.383.4411
MaryR.Smith@utoledo.edu

A. John McSweeny
Professor Emeritus and Co-Director of Joint J.D./M.D. Program
419.383.5665
John.McSweeny@utoledo.edu

 

The College of Law recommends that joint degree students remain apprised of the requirements for each degree they are pursuing. While the College of Law makes every effort to maintain timely information relating to the joint degree programs, because other colleges manage their own curricula and requirements, it is possible that information on this site could be out of date.  Please check the other college’s website relating to the joint degree for additional information.

Printer Friendly Version

Last Updated: 1/5/17