The Ward M. Canaday Center

for Special Collections

The University of Toledo

Finding Aid

Timothy J. McCormick Papers, 1940-1964

MSS-010

Size: 2 linear feet

Provenance: Timothy J. McCormick donated his papers to the University of Toledo Libraries apparently in 1967. There are no restrictions on the use of this collection. Access: Open

Access: Open

Collection Summary: Materials document the consolidation of labor unions after World War II, especially in the realm of railroads. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence among railroad labor organizers and publications of labor organizations (e.g. the Consolidation Committee of Enginemen's Consolidator and the United Railroad Operating Crafts' UROC Facts) with which McCormick was involved.

Subjects: labor

Copyright: The literary rights to this collection are assumed to rest with the person(s) responsible for the production of the particular items within the collection, or with their heirs or assigns. Researchers bear full legal responsibility for the acquisition to publish from any part of said collection per Title 17, United States Code. The Ward M. Canaday Center for Special Collections may reserve the right to intervene as intermediary at its own discretion.

Completed by: Paul Gifford, 1986

Reformatted by: Arjun Sabharwal, June 2009, last updated: April, 2014

Introduction

The papers of Timothy J. McCormick, dating from 1940 to 1964, reflect the concerns of a Toledo locomotive engineer and labor organizer. McCormick's strong interest was in the consolidation of the various railroad brotherhoods into a single industrial union. McCormick's papers are a useful source for the study of the postwar labor-union amalgamation movement. They also contribute to the study of progressive labor activity in Toledo. The materials in this collection consist primarily of correspondence with other rail road labor organizers and publications of labor organizations with which McCormick was involved.

Biographical Sketch

1907

 

born in Toledo, Ohio

1924

 

hired as fireman on New York Central Railroad

1928

 

joined Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen

1930

 

furloughed from this job

1930-1937

 

 

 

member of Socialist Party; local organizer for the Toledo Industrial Union Council; business agent, United Truck Operators Union; field representative, Congress of Industrial Organizations

1937

 

recalled to work on New York Central Railroad

1941

 

promoted to locomotive engineer, NYCRR

1943-1947

 

Local Chairman, Lodge #2, Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen

1944-1946

 

President, Toledo Area Council of Railroad Workers

1946

 

 

member, Board of Trustees, General Grievance Committee of the New York Central Lines, Western Division

1947

under pseudonym "Adam Fireman," a member of Executive and Editorial Committees, Consolidation Committee of Enginemen

1948

 

Chairman, Committee on Public Relations, Consolidation Committee of Enginemen

1949

 

expelled from Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen

1951-1955

 

active organizer and member of United Railroad Operating Crafts

1956-1959

 

Local Chairman, Division 457, Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginemen

1964

Vice-Chairman, Toledo Civil Liberties Union

 

Scope and Content Note

Practically all the items in the Timothy J. McCormick Papers pertain to railroad labor union activity. As an officer in the Toledo "lodge" of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen and in the Toledo division of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginemen, McCormick participated in the leadership of long-established unions. His principal activity, as reflected by his papers, however, was as a leading organizer of ran k-and-file movements within those unions. Those movements demanded the consolidation of all railroad unions, heretofore organized on a craft basis, into a single industrial union.

The strength of the papers lies in the correspondence and other material generated by leaders of two successive consolidation organizations: the Consolidation Committee of Enginemen (1946-50) and the United Railroad Operating Crafts (1951-56 and later). McCormick routinely received copies of official internal correspondence. He also was careful in retaining duplicate copies of outgoing correspondence. Prominent correspondents include organizers and officers of those consolidation movements: Bert H. Nelson, Russell R. Walker, and the prolific Trotskyist Charles R. Hedlund, among others.

Other material contains useful information. The CCE's organ Consolidator and the UROC's UROC Facts reflect organizing aims and public policies of those organizations. There are a number of posters and flyers, many produced in Toledo.

Although this collection is a valuable source for information on consolidation movements within the railroad unions, researchers in other labor topics will probably find little use for it. McCormick's papers have served as a primary source for two studies, which the user of these papers would be well advised to consult:

George R. Horton and H. Ellsworth Steele, "The Unity Issue among Railroad Engineers and Firemen," Industrial and Labor Relations Review 10 (October 1956): 48-69. (Offprint of this article can be found in the McCormick Papers.)

Anne Skalski, "A Rank and File Challenge to the Leadership of the Enginemen's Brotherhoods: The Rise and Fall of the Consolidation Committee of Enginemen, 1946-1949." (M. A. thesis, Department of History, University of Toledo, 1971)

 

Folder List

Box

Folder

 

1

 

Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen

 

1

          Lodge #2, Toledo -Correspondence, 1943-49

 

2

          General Grievance Committee, New York Central Lines West -General, 1946-51

 

3

          Convention, 1947

 

4

          Trial against McCormick, Carman, and Rasmussen, 1949

   

Toledo Area Council of Railroad Workers

 

5

          Minutes and constitution, 1943-46

 

6

          General, 1944-46, 1959

   

Consolidation Committee of Enginemen

 

7

          National Board. Minutes, 1947-48

   

          Correspondence

 

8

               1946

 

9

               jan . -Apr. 1947

 

10

               May-Dec. 1947

 

11

               Jan.-Mar. 1948

 

12

               Apr. -Dec. 1948

 

13

               1949

 

14

               Financial reports

 

15

               Toledo Area District. General, 1948

   

United Railroad Operating Crafts

 

16

          Minutes of various divisions, 1953-54

 

17

          Correspondence from J. A. Ford

   

          Correspondence

 

18

               1951

 

19

               1952

 

20

               1953 (2)

 

21

 
 

22

               1954

 

23

               1955

 

24

               1956

 

25

          Legal cases

 

26

          Local 101, Toledo

     
     

2

 

Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers

 

1

Trials

 

2

Division #457. General, 1956-59

 

3

Progressive Caucus of Enginemen, 1958-59

 

4

Joint Strike Committee, New York Central West, 1962-64

   

Personal

 

5

          Correspondence, 1940-65

 

6

          Locomotive engineer's certificate

 

7

Articles by T. J. McCormick

   

Court briefs

 

8

          Brandon vs. New York Central Railroad

 

9

          General

 

10

Miscellaneous

 

11

Matthew Brandon -correspondence

 

12

Photographs

 

13

Cartoons

 

14

Articles written for the Consolidator by T. J. McCormick, 1946-48

   

The Consolidator

 

15

          Aug. 1946-0ct. 29, 1947

 

16

          Nov. 13, 1947-May 18, 1950

 

17

Consolidation News

   

   United Railroad Operating Crafts

   

          Various publications

   

               UROC Facts

 

18

                    Sept. 14, 1951-Mar. 15, 1953

 

19

                    Apr. 1, 1953-Mar. 5, 1958

 

20

          Local News

 

21

The Beacon 1955

 

22

   Publications of various rail road labor organizations

 

23

Posters and flyers

 

24

Pamphlets (2)

 

25

 

 

Last Updated: 4/17/14