Aiken, William Earl.  Roots Grow Deep:  A Story of Captain Ford, his Son Edward, and Their Contribution to America's Glass Industry.  Cleveland, OH:  The Lezius-Hiles Company, 1957. 


Barnett, George E. Chapters on Machinery and Labor.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1926. 


Davis, Pearce.  The Development of the American Glass Industry.   Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1949.


Douglas, R. W., and Susan Frank.  A History of Glassmaking.  Oxfordshire, Great Britain:  G. T. Foulis & Co., 1972.


Fairfield, E. William.  Fire and Sand:  The History of the Libbey-Owens Sheet Glass Company.  Cleveland, OH:  The Lezius-Hiles Company, 1960.


Fauster, Carl U.  Libbey Glass Since 1818.  Toledo, OH:  Len Beach Press, 1979.


Jack Paquette Collection on Northwest Ohio's Glass Industry.  MSS-169, Ward M. Canaday Center, The University of Toledo.


Kelley, Florence. "A Boy Destroying Trade: The Glass Bottle Industry of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois," Charities 1 (July 4, 1903).  In The Campaign to End Child Labor, edited by Jim Zwick. Accessed online at (link no longer active)


Libbey-Owens-Ford Glass Company Records.   MSS-066, Ward M. Canaday Center, The University of Toledo.


Owens-Illinois Glass Company Records.  MSS-200, Ward M. Canaday Center, The University of Toledo. (Finding Aid to be completed early 2008)


Paquette, Jack K.  Blowpipes:  Northwest Ohio Glassmaking in the Gas Boom of the 1880s.  Xlibris  Corporation, 2002.


Paquette, Jack K.  The Glassmakers:  A History of Owens-Illinois, Inc.  Toledo, OH:  The Trumpeting Angel Press, 1994.


Porter, Tana Mosier.  Toledo Profile:  A Sesquicentennial History.  Toledo, OH:  The Toledo Sesquicentennial Commission, 1987.


Toulouse, J. H.  Bottle Makers and Their Marks.  New York:  Thomas Nelson, Incc., 1971. 


Last Updated: 6/9/16