Caring Web

Preventing Recurrent Stroke

Recovery and rehabilitation after a stroke is often a major priority to both the stroke survivor and their caregivers. While it is good to have the goal of recovery in mind, it is also important to know that once a loved one has had a stroke, the possibility of another stroke occurring is increased. overworked man

Twenty-four percent of women and 42 percent of men are likely to have a recurrent stroke within five years.

Important ways for you or your loved one to prevent a new or recurrent stroke include a combination of lifestyle changes and medications.

Lifestyle Choices and Changes You Can Make

Medications to Decrease the Risk of Recurrent Stroke

Here are Websites that list medications and their side effects that your healthcare provider might prescribe for you to decrease the risk of another stroke. This list includes:

Stroke Risk Factors You Can’t Change

Unfortunately, some risk factors for preventing a recurrent stroke are unable to be changed by you. These risk factors include:

  • Male gender. Men are more likely than women to have a first time and recurrent strokes.
  • African-American race. African-Americans have a higher incidence of stroke than any other race.
  • Being over the age of 55 years.
  • Having a history of diabetes.
  • Having a family history of stroke

Additional Information:

The following are websites that can give you more information about preventing recurrent stroke.

Healthy Eating to Prevent Recurrent Strokes

Smoking and Stroke Risk


American Heart Association. (2011). Losing weight. Retrieved from

Bergman, D. (2011). Preventing cerebrovascular events in patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack: The current data. American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 20(12), 659-666.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Alcohol and public health. Retrieved from

MacDougall, N., J. J., Amarasinghe, S., & Muir, K., W. (2009). Secondary prevention of stroke.   Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, 7(9), 1103-1115.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2012). Brain basics: Preventing stroke. Retrieved from

National Stroke Association. (2012). Recurrent stroke prevention resources. Retrieved from

Developed in 2012 by Jamie M. Neal, BSN, RN at the University of Toledo for Caring-Web©.

Last Updated: 6/27/22